[AFUL] Livre: La bataille du logiciel libre Livre: Libres enfants du savoir numérique Livre: Liberté Egalité Business [No Software Patents] [Free Speech Online] [Privacy Golden Key]


Ressources libres : repères 2000

Ceci est une simple liste de documents intéressants, dans leur ordre d'arrivée, qui n'est pas forcément en accord avec l'ordre de création des dits documents.
Voir également:
The Internet Operating System Counter, various Internet statistics, IP index, OCLC Statistics, other stats and surveys, Network Operating Systems ratings by deja.com,
Web surveys by E-Soft ( servers, technology penetration, web probe ...) and the Linux ratings Operating System Sucks-Rules-O-Meter - other site
Linux Reviews and Articles by Christopher Blizzard.
Comparaisons Unix/Linux/NT
Anciennes revues de presse (non maintenues): Alcove,   J. Le Marois
Linux devices: the embedded LInux portal

Revue de la presse française : Portalux News

References

Références :   2007   -   2006   -   2005   -   2004   -   2003   -   2002   -   2001   -   2000   -   avant 2000   -   Droit d'auteur / Copyright   -   Brevets / Patents   -   delocalisation

Citations, Picones et Drapeaux :     Citations     -     picones     -     drapeaux     -     sites

PICONS = Pico Icons The icons are commented in English when the mouse touches them (possibly not with all browsers). © Bernard Lang 2000 : use/give them as you please (be nice, send your picons).
[stats] nombres et statistiques   [trends] tendances   [privacy] vie privée   [linux] Linux   [patent] brevets   [copyleft] copyleft   [copyright] droit d'auteur   [strategy] stratégie   [news] information   [interoperability] interoperabilité   [security] sécurité   [GNU] GNU   [Internet] Internet   [Windows] Windows   [bug] bug   [politics] politique   [education] éducation   [piracy] piratage   [buffoon] bouffon   [hardware] matériel   [Mac] Mac   [smile] sourire   [IBM] IBM   [commerce] commerce   [economy] économie   [terrorism] terrorisme   [CD/DVD] CD/DVD   [freedom] liberté   [Unix] Unix   [music] musique   [power] puissance   [cheat] triche   [software] logiciel   [law] loi   [justice] justice   [parliament] parlement   [anonymity] anonymat   [free speech] libre expression   [innovation] innovation   [sound] son   [censorship] censure   [book] livre   [ebook] livre électronique  [document] document   [BSD] BSD   [trade-mark] marque déposée   [multimedia] multimedia   [FUD] intox   [telephone] téléphone   [printer/fax] printer/fax   [virtual money] monnaie virtuelle   [research] recherche   [administration] administration   [virus] virus   [industry/corporations] industrie   [sun] soleil   France 2 France 2   France 3 Fr 3  
References

Références :   2007   -   2006   -   2005   -   2004   -   2003   -   2002   -   2001   -   2000   -   avant 2000   -   Droit d'auteur / Copyright   -   Brevets / Patents   -   delocalisation

Citations, Picones et Drapeaux :     Citations     -     picones     -     drapeaux     -     sites
Certaines de ces références peuvent être anciennes, mais récemment ajoutées.
Some reéferences may be older, but recently added.
  • [Internet] [politics] Internet et les mutations des démocraties Grégoire Postel-Vinay, Essai pour l'Université d'été d'Hourtin, août 2000. -
  • [patent] Carpe Conceptum - Patenting the Wheel David Dobbs, Harvard Magazine, vol. 101, n° 6, juillet-août 1999. - the ideas that shape much of our economic infrastructure are increasingly concentrated in private hands - cites Seth Shulman in Owning the Future a messy, greedy lawlessness.
  • [smile] [administration] Le petit Kafka sans peine, Tiresias, AdmiNet, 22 septembre 2000. - Dictionnaire à l'usage de ceux qui errent dans les jungles administratives ... ça explique peut-être des choses ?
  • [internet] [politics] Internet et les mutations des démocraties, Grégoire Postel-Vinay, Université d'été d'Hourtin, août 2000. - révolution dans l'économie, révolution dans l'accès au savoir, l' internet est-il aussi une révolution pour la démocratie ?
  • Geographic Distribution of Debian Developers, September 2000. - A collection of facts about geographical distribution of Debian developers, with some relation to other data.
  • [education] [interoperability] [politics] [freedom] [France] Schéma stratégique des systèmes d'information et des télécommunications, Ministère de l'Education Nationale et Ministère de la Recherche, avril 2000. - l'utilisation de logiciels libres doit être envisagée et examinée avec objectivité... pourront considérer la publication du code source de certains de leurs développements... afin de faciliter les échanges de documents et de préserver la liberté de choix des outils logiciels pour les concevoir et les consulter (notamment en établissements), l'utilisation de formats ouverts devrait être favorisée. - Avant - propos - html - pdf - ref
  • [book] [copyright] [politics] [France] Droit de prêt : Rencontre avec les élus et les professionnels du livre et de la lecture, Catherine Tasca, Ministre de la Culture, 19 décembre 2000. -
  • [piracy] [economy] On Software "Piracy", Lies, BSA, Microsoft, Rocks, and Hard Penguins, Karsten M. Self, misc.legal.computing, 02 July 1998 (first version). - commercial software vendors may not have a competitive choice but to allow rampant pirating of their products, simply to gain a market position
  • [GNU] [copyleft] Sneak preview of GPL v. 3: More business friendly Eric Ries, NewsForge, November 02 2000. -
    Sneak preview of GPL v. 3, part 2: System libraries and patents Eric Ries, NewsForge, December 15 2000. -
  • [freedom] Open Source is not a business model, Tina Gasperson, NewsForge, December 26 200. - situations where companies could benefit from releasing their products as Open Source... a powerful attack and defense mechanism while competing with rivals... Mithral uses a dual license which allows us to do things one license cannot.
  • [freedom] To open source or not to open source, Adam L. Beberg, Mithral Communications & Design, Inc., April 2000. - Open source represents both opportunities and threats that need to be taken into account when planning the future of any software project... a business perspective. - pdf
  • [copyright] [interoperability] [hardware] Everything you ever wanted to know about CPRM, but ZDNet wouldn't tell you... Andrew Orlowski, The Register, 29/12/2000. - CPRM is sponsored by the distributors of entertainment media, not the people who create it, and we're yet to find an author or artist who approves of the mechanism.
  • [copyright] [Internet] Free Links, Only $50 Apiece Declan McCullagh, Wired News, Dec. 28, 2000. - "there's nothing illegal about charging for links," Isenberg says. "But it probably can't enforce it." - 2 - printer friendly - see also: Copyrights: Tech Blurs Contro (Declan McCullagh, Nov. 30, 2000) and Writers' Rights on Net All Right (Steve Kettmann, Dec. 15, 2000).
  • [GNU] MandrakeSoft fait un don de 2500 Euros à la Free Software Foundation Europe Communiqué de presse, Mandrakesoft, 28 décembre 2000. - Au nombre des tâches de la Free Software Foundation Europe figurent la coordination des initiatives Logiciel Libre à travers l'Europe en fournissant l'infrastructure ... et en offrant un centre de compétences pour les politiciens et la presse.
  • [CD/DVD] [copyright] [politics] [France] Rémunération équitable pour copie privée dans l'environnement numérique : des propositions d'équilibre en faveur de la création, Communiqué, Ministre de la Culture, 19 décembre 2000. -
  • [CD/DVD] [interoperability] [copyright] [justice] Les copieurs seront les payeurs, Nidam Abdi, Libération, 26 décembre 2000. - L'Union européenne estime en effet que les avancées informatiques vont permettre «à chaque ayant droit d'utiliser les nouvelles technologies pour protéger et gérer ses oeuvres» ... la commission de contrôle des sociétés d'auteurs n'est toujours pas constituée.
  • [CD/DVD] [copyright] [justice] La copie privée numérique, ADBS, Actualités du droit de l'information, N°2 - avril 2000. - la fixation de la compensation devait tenir compte de l'existence ou non de ces moyens techniques de protection des oeuvres
  • [CD/DVD] [copyright] [justice] Les producteurs veulent remettre en cause la notion de copie privée, Solveig Godeluck, Transfert, 8 février 2000. - les producteurs de contenu ont demandé que l'exception de copie privée ne puisse s'appliquer - imprimer
  • [politics] [Internet] Comité stratégique pour les technologies de l'information 10 juillet 2000. - Extrait du relevé des décisions prises par le CISI (Comité interministériel pour la société de l'information)
  • [Internet] [commerce] The New Ten Commandments Jack Trout and Aaron Cohen, Business 2.0, December 15, 2000. - The New Economy rules have changed--again. Here are guidelines for getting through the next few months. - alt - printer friendly
  • [interoperability] [copyright] [justice] 17 USC 1201, Circumvention of copyright protection systems U.S. Copyright Statute, March 2000. - No person shall circumvent a technological measure that effectively controls access to a work ... The prohibition shall not apply to person ... adversely affected ... in their ability to make noninfringing uses
  • [stats] [linux] Les SGBD NT et Linux : grands gagnants en France d'ici 2004, François Morel, JDNet Solutions (Benchmark Group), 28 décembre 2000. - Selon IDC, le système d'exploitation en Open Source devrait surtout connaître un tournant en 2002, où la progression estimée des ventes de licences de SGBD devrait littéralement exploser de 409,1 % par rapport à 2001. - imprimer
  • [CD/DVD] [copyright] [music] CD vierge: 4 francs de plus en janvier , Valérie Siddahchetty et Isabelle Dumonteil, 01net, 22/12/2000. - Les représentants des droits d'auteur ont voté à l'unanimité pour ces montants. Les fabricants ont, pour leur part, à l'unanimité, voté contre. C'est du côté des associations de consommateurs que le désaccord a été le plus sensible. - imprimer
  • [CD/DVD] [copyright] [music] Taxe sur les CD et les DVD vierges : le débat fait rage , Rédaction, 01net, 27/12/2000. - environ 4 francs de plus pour acquérir un CD vierge de 74 minutes et 20 francs de plus pour un DVD de deux heures. - imprimer - Cette taxe vient-elle légitimer le piratage ? - Cette taxe va-t-elle pénaliser tous les utilisateurs d'informatique ? - Une taxe injuste ? Quelles sont les solutions pour que les auteurs ne soient pas lésés
  • [education] New Technology Standards for School Administrators, Rebecca S. Weiner, The New York Time, December 27, 2000. - While individual teachers have spearheaded a number of successful school-based technology programs, the projects are difficult to replicate without district-wide coordination. - printer friendly
  • [privacy] [politics] FCC slaps anti-drug TV shows, Christopher Stern, Washington Post, December 27, 2000. - - printer friendly
  • [interoperability] Copy protection hard drive plan nixes free software - RMS, Andrew Orlowski, The Register, 23/12/2000 . - This plan seems to pose a threat to free operating systems. We will surely not be authorized in the US to implement free software to access any of the centrally-controlled data.
  • [copyright] [software] The Agoric Papers Mark S. Miller and K. Eric Drexler, The Ecology of Computation, Bernardo Huberman (ed.) Elsevier Science Publishers/North-Holland, 1988. Like all systems involving goals, resources, and actions, computation can be viewed in economic terms. This paper examines markets as a model for computation and proposes a framework--agoric systems--for applying the power of market mechanisms to the software domain. - An earlier variant of Brad Cox Superdistribution.
  • [interoperability] [copyright] Technological Protection for Copyrighted Works Pamela Samuelson, Jan. 1996. - Legal and technical protection of copyrights. Historical issues - document in PDF
  • [copyright] Copyright Dale C. Mead, 1997,1999. - Unfortunately, the broadening of the scope of the law has not been matched by re-examination of the privileges and remedies afforded by the protection - A historical view. - old url
  • Proposition de Loi relative à l'usage de standards de communication ouverts dans l'administration Yvan Mayeur, 20 december 2000. -
  • [Internet] [industry/corporations] AOL Merger Clears Last Big Hurdle , Alec Klein, Washington Post, December 15, 2000. - "The beauty of this thing is it achieves its results of protecting competition without putting the government in the role of day-to-day regulator" - printer friendly
  • [Windows] [economy] Microsoft Shifts to New Vistas John Markoff, The New York Times, December 18, 2000. - In consumer electronics, Microsoft is now definitely in a world where it no longer has any guarantee of success. - 2 - 3 - all - printer friendly
  • [copyright] [patent] Finding a Balance: Computer Software, Intellectual Property and the Challenge of Technological Change OTA-TCT-527, May 1992. - Our Nation s intellectual property system is intended to strike a balance between private incentives and protections of public interest. This report examin es the rapid and complex technological changes and trends in computer software technologies and their possible effects on the Nation s intellectual property system.
  • [copyright] [patent] A Manifesto concerning the Legal Protection of Computer Programs, Pamela Samuelson, Randall Davis, Mitchell D. Kapor, & J.H. Reichman, 94 Colum. L. Rev. 2308 (1994). - We are not the first to suggest a sui generis approach to legal prot ection of computer programs.
  • [copyright] [patent] [freedom] Copy protection hard drive plan nixes free software - RMS, Andrew Orlowski, The Register, 23/12/2000 . - This resembles CSS and e-Books: it is another plan to impose additional power over people who use published information, on behalf of those who hope to control the power
  • [interoperability] [copyright] [hardware] Linux lead slams 'pay per read' disk drive plan, Andrew Orlowski, The Register, 20/12/2000 . - Tt seems to be very similar to the DVD stuff, including ideas for play once only blocks and the like. Pay per read hard disk
  • [interoperability] [copyright] [hardware] Stealth plan puts copy protection into every hard drive , Andrew Orlowski, The Register, 20/12/2000 . - hard drive containing small individual containing non-copyable files of say, Gartner reports, will essentially be unrestorable using existing backup programs.
  • [Windows] Is the end looming for the Microsoft monopoly? John Lettice, The Register, 15/12/2000 . -
  • Web Techniques, The Industry of Open Source - January 2001. -
  • [economy] Economic Scene: Technology Rise and Fall Is as American as the Model T, Hal R. Varian, The New York Times, December 14, 2000. - Overinvestment may seem wasteful, but then it's always easy to identify winners once the race is over. There's no substitute for experimentation - with business models as well as with technology. - printer friendly
  • [IBM] [linux] IBM launches newest, biggest computer line, Reuters, San Jose Mercury News, Dec. 14, 2000 IBM has begun shipping its new Freeway z900 machines, which use the Linux operating system and are capable of 2,800 MIPS
  • [industry/corporations] [stats] Techies log more hours but produce less, Eric Auchard, Reuters, December 6, 2000. - Business survey reports that productivity among technicians has fallen due to a longer learning curve and higher turnover rate. - printer friendly
  • [patent] On the Patent Examination of Programs for Computers, Dr. Swen Kiesewetter-Köbinger, swpat.ffii.org, 2000-11-02. - some of the problems and inconsistencies, with which the author as a former software developer and current patent examiner at the German Patent Office is confronted
  • [patent] [education] Ordinary Skill in the Art Jeffrey D. Ullman, 2000 Knuth-Prize Lecture, Nov. 16, 2000. - The patenting of algorithms and the software that embodies them leads to inequities as often as it protects true innovation and genuine innovators.
  • [patent] Patent nonsense The Econmist, Apr 6th 2000. - the way patent examiners are paid encourages the issue of patents. They are paid partly through bonuses for "disposals" of patent cases - printer friendly
  • [patent] [freedom] Patents Raph Levien, 11 May 2000. - Inventor hereby grants a fully paid up, nonexclusive, royalty free license to practice the patents listed below if and only if practiced in conjunction with software distributed under the terms of any version of the GNU General Public License - a collection of free patents.
  • [copyright] [politics] CD vierge: 4 francs de plus en janvier , Valérie Siddahchetty et Isabelle Dumonteil, 01net, 22/12/2000. - Un montant fixé à 2,75 francs hors taxe de l'heure semble donc être un moindre mal pour ceux qui copient effectivement des CD et une injustice pour tous ceux qui se contentent de stocker des données. Pas de problème, si on supprime l'interdiction de copier ! - imprimer
  • [copyright] [economy] The Street Performer Protocol and Digital Copyrights, John Kelsey and Bruce Schneier, First Monday, Vol. 4 No. 6 - June 7th. 1999. - an electronic-commerce mechanism to facilitate the private financing of public works. Using this protocol, people would place donations in escrow, to be released to an author in the event that the promised work be put in the public domain. This protocol has the potential to fund alternative or "marginal" works.
  • [freedom] Where did Spencer Kimball and Peter Mattis go? Stig Hackvän, LinuxWorld, January 1999. - An interview with the authors of GIMP and GTk - 2 - printer friendly
  • [Internet] 'Dot-Coms' Hope to End on a More Positive Note, Robin Fields, LA Times, December 18, 2000. - Today, those three little letters spell failure
  • [privacy] [Internet] Calif. To Set Future ISP Phone Fees , Margie Mason, The Washington Post, December 22, 2000. - a new system that would enable telephone companies to track Internet connections the same as phone calls. Internet calls would no longer be treated as local traffic - printer friendly
  • [linux] Linus Savages Red Hat 7.0 Maureen O'Gara, LinuxGram, 15 Dec 2000. - I don't know why RH decided to do their idiotic gcc-2.96 release
  • [patent] BT sues Prodigy over U.S. hyperlink patent, Laura Rohde, IDG News Service, December 15, 2000,. - BT wrote to 17 U.S. ISPs, including Prodigy, asking them to pay for the privilege of using the technology... BT holds about 15,000 patents worldwide
  • [patent] Patent lobby get in early for EU consultation process, Graham Lea, The Register, 29/10/2000. - It is absurd that the EPO is not directly answerable to European voters
  • [privacy] [Internet] Eye in the sky lets Net track cars, Earle Eldridge, USA Today, 12/20/00. - GlobalTrax will be the first device that lets someone monitor movement of their vehicle from any Web browser.
  • [trends] [freedom] Open source investors tune out, companies tune in, Sam Williams, UpsideToday, December 20, 2000. - This is a business issue. The ability to exert unilateral control over your internal software is powerful thing. It means you don't have to worry about anybody else on earth." - 2 - printer friendly
  • [stats] [freedom] IT Salary Tracker: Open source professionals, Zach Rodgers, EarthWeb, August 01, 2000. - In June 2000, employers were offering open source professionals an average salary of $80,850 per year and an average contract rate of $74 per hour. - printer friendly
  • [linux] [IBM] IBM builds biggest phalanx of Linux computers for Shell, Reuters, Dec. 12, 2000. - supercomputer-scale Linux cluster -- the largest Linux installation in the world -- at Shell ... Keio University in Japan is integrating two campus networks running 15,000 Linux computers
  • [patent] [freedom] [music] Open-source MP3 project continues after parent's demise, John Borland, CNET News.com, December 11, 2000. - If the format gains enough popularity, it will almost certainly face a patent infringement challenge from the owners of the MP3 standard - printer friendly
  • [linux] [IBM] IBM to spend $1bn on Linux, Tom Foremski, Financial Times, December 12 2000. - Red Hat rose 22 per cent in mid-day trading to $8.75 and VA Linux rose 13 per cent to $10.63 - printer friendly
  • [linux] [IBM] IBM propulse Linux dans la cour des grands , Laurent Mauriac, Libération , 13 décembre 2000. - Shell disposera de la plus grande installation fonctionnant avec Linux: plus de mille ordinateurs reliés entre eux et fonctionnant comme un système informatique unique extrêmement puissant
  • [linux] [IBM] [Windows] IBM to sell 15,200 Linux servers to Japanese store chain, Todd R. Weiss, ComputerWorld, November 3, 2000. - The servers, which will be connected to existing touchscreen-equipped "Loppi" kiosks in the stores, will expand existing options for customers... The Loppi terminals currently in Lawson stores use Microsoft Corp.'s Windows.
  • [patent] [Belgium] Controverses passionnées sur un brevet européen pour les logiciels Alain Jennotte, Le Soir, 8 décembre 2000. - - Menaces sur le logiciel libre
  • [copyleft] How Copyleft Uses License Rights To Succeed in the Open Source Revolution and the Implications for Article 2B, 36, Robert Gomulkiewicz, Houston L. Rev. 179 (1999). - their inability to inspire confidence that someone will be around at the end of the day to be accountable if something goes wrong, is a shortcoming of the open source value proposition.... Article 2B of UCC would help open source - (will move to http://www.ucitaonline.com)
  • [copyright] [patent] The Growth of Intellectual Property: A History of the Ownership of Ideas in t he United States William W. Fisher III, Eigentumskulturen im Vergleich (Vandenhoeck & Rup recht, 1999). - How did it come to pass that lawyers argue seriously about exclusive rights to athletic moves?
  • [Internet] L'Afnic vous offre votre nom de domaine perso, Jacques Harbonn, ZDnet, 30 novembre 2000. - La gratuité ne couvre que la première année. Au-delà, il faudra s'acquitter des frais de renouvellement (de l'ordre de 330 F TTC pour une offre complète de services), l'Afnic facturant pour sa part au fournisseur un coût de maintenance de nom de domaine d'environ 120 F TTC - impression
  • [linux] Operating System Upstarts challenge Windows, Lincoln Spector, PC World, August 1998. - we have come a long way ...
  • [stats] [linux] Computer Operating Environments Coevolve, Geoffrey Dutton, IDC, August 8, 2000. - Linux has seen a dramatic increase in new license shipments growing from 15.8% of server operating environment shipments in 1998 to 24.4% in 1999, absorbing much of the expansion of the market. Most SOE vendors other than Microsoft are losing market share. There is robust expansion overall.
  • [stats] [linux] Server report: Linux outpaces Windows and Mac by 2004, Brad Gibson, MacCentral Online, July 27, 2000. - As far as the client environment, IDC is projecting that Linux will overtake Mac OS to take the number two spot behind Windows by 2004.
  • [stats] [linux] Linux closing in on Microsoft market share, study says , Stephanie Miles, CNET News.com, July 24, 2000. - The market has grown and Linux has absorbed bulk of growth in the market ... but : on the client side, Windows accounted for 87 percent of all sales in 1999
  • [stats] [linux] Corel Linux and OS 9 Fight for Your Desktop, Rex Baldazo, Becky Waring, c-net, 5/22/00. - Linux 4% and Mac OS 5%
  • [linux] [trends] [Danmark] IT University takes the lead with launch of LinuxLab.dk , Dec 7th, 2000. - Danish Minister for Research and Information Technology, Birte Weiss, officially opened the LinuxLab.dk. IBM is the founding sponsor.
  • [freedom] Playing the Open Source Game, Shawn Hargreaves, Linux Today, July 1999. - games are fundamentally different to most types of software ... Open source ideas might not apply very well to the end product of commercial game development, but they work superbly for reusable infrastructure projects like a game engine ... if you want to open source any game code, you have to do it straight away. If you wait a year, your code will only be relevant to people who's technological development is a year behind you, and they will feed you the sort of enhancements that you were working on yourself a year ago. - copy
  • [patent] [Europe] European Software Patent Horror Gallery, Slashdot, November 21, 2000. - The best one is the patent on controlling one computer from another
  • [Europe] [politics] [patent] Europe Starts Debate On Patents, Slashdot, November 21, 2000. - a tremendous battle between pro- and anti-patents in starting this week in Europe
  • [Windows] At Microsoft, a Wireless Pioneer, JOHN MARKOFF, The New York Times, November 6, 2000. - The tablet computer is one of the best examples of Microsoft's multibillion dollar effort to reinvent itself for the presumed post-PC era. ... "The problem with this is that it's still Windows,"
  • The ethics of genetics Guardian 12 pages special report, November 15, 2000. -
  • [patent] [copyright] Amazon's patently unique association of ideas Tim Jackson, The Financial Times, November 13 2000. - Interestingly, Europe does not allow either business process patents or patents of software algorithms. This is a nicely ironic change of roles. One hundred and twenty years ago, English novelists such as Dickens and Trollope were infuriated to find their work pirated by American publishers and sold without a penny of royalties to the creator. Today, in the internet industry, it is the US that is the guardian of inventors and the guarantor of innovation.
  • [Deutschland] Der Patentschutz für softwarebezogene Erfindungen im Verhältnis zur "Open Source"-Software Axel H. Horns, JurPC Web-Dok. 223/2000, Abs. 1 - 80, 13.11.2000. - - probably interesting :-)
  • [interoperability] [patent] Entretien avec Roberto Di Cosmo Marianne, TooLINUX, 05/12/2000. Un standard amélioré n'est plus un standard - 1 2 3 4 5
  • [patent] BE INC management's discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations BE INC (BEOS), Quarterly Report (SEC form 10-Q), November 13, 2000. - The software industry is characterized by the existence of a large number of patents and frequent litigation based on allegations of patent infringement.
  • [IBM] [linux] Linux looms large at IBM, Peter Galli, eWEEK, December 1, 2000. - IBM's Frye agreed, saying Linux was becoming a "highly disruptive force" that will do for applications what the Internet had done for networks -- become a common, open, pervasive platform that created an explosion of innovation in e-business applications. - printer friendly
  • [education] [freedom] Computer-supported learning and free software, Michael Totschnig, conference "Learning 2000: Reassessing the Virtual University", 29.9.2000. - - pdf
  • [education] [France] La Francophonie mise sur Linux pour développer Internet au Sud, AUF, 28/11/2000. - favoriser le partage du savoir et la diffusion des outils gratuits qui permettent une présence francophone sur la toile à moindre coût.
  • [patent] [politics] Statement by Dr Roland Grossenbacher, Chairman of the Administrative Council of the European Patent Organisation, EPO, Munich, 29 November 2000. - As before, computer-implemented inventions can be patented if they involve a new and inventive technical contribution to the state of the art. Technical solutions for use in data processing or for carrying out methods of doing business therefore remain patentable. ... the Conference clarified and strengthened the extent of protection conferred by European patents by expressly including so-called "equivalents"... introduction of a central court system for the enforcement of European patents. - Fr - De
  • [patent] Toujours pas de brevet pour les logiciels, David Straus, TF1, 27 novembre 2000. - Les opposants au brevet sur les logiciels ont gagné une bataille. Pourtant, ils ont déjà probablement perdu la guerre
  • [patent] Sida : mort sous brevet, Act Up, decembre 2000. - les exceptions au droit des brevets sont inexploitables, là où elles devraient pourtant être la règle. - dossier de presse
  • [patent] Brevetabilité du vivant : l'Office Européen des Brevets force la main aux Etats, Maryse Arditi, Les Verts, Communiqué de presse, 23 novembre 2000. - Alors que seuls trois Etats de l'Union ont transcrit la directive européenne autorisant à breveter le vivant, l'OEB intégrait le 16 juin 1999 la directive dans la CEB alors que celle-ci l'interdit.
  • [patent] DTI wades into software patent debate, Kieren McCarthy, The Register, 27/11/2000. - even if Europe decides not to go with software patenting, the effect of it in the US will damage European Web business. If it does go with it, all hell will break lose... smaller companies will be unable to compete under prohibitive licenses, multi-nationals will waste billions of pounds fighting pointless legal battles. - Caught in a Web
  • [patent] [Windows] [smile] Microsoft honours Linux programmer with patent gong, Andrew Orlowski, The Register, 22/11/2000. - "To me, they're the Evil Empire. They're the Borg!" says Softky
  • [politics] [education] [France] Discours de Jack LANG : Colloque e-éducation Jack Lang, Salon de l'éducation, 22 novembre 2000. - faut-il enseigner l'informatique ? ... Car la question n'est pas de savoir s'il faut former les élèves à tel ou tel de traitement de texte, à maîtriser tel ou tel logiciel, mais bien de savoir s?il nous faut former les élèves à l'algorithmique, ce coeur de l'informatique. - Les matheux font des ravages ... 1- l'algorithmique est deja enseignée (arithmétique par exemple), 2- on oublie comme d'habitude la semantique, bien plus susceptible de se marier aux autres enseignements. Faire sans comprendre...
  • [politics] [Internet] The governance of code: Code as product, service and speech, Serena Syme & L. Jean Camp, Harvard University, 22-nov-00. - What is code and how should it be governed? This article frames the question by considering the various forms of governance currently applied to code
  • [patent] [politics] [Europe] Europe Votes Against Software Patents SlashDot, November 22, 2000. -
  • [patent] Patents In Europe Alan Cox, Advogato, 19 Aug 2000. - The European Patent Office operates beyond national laws and is uncontrolled by any constitutional court. Currently, no European government has effective control over them. Not only are these judges paid for guilty verdicts, they are not accountable to a higher democratic body.
  • [industry/corporations] [linux] Le Cigref adoube Linux pour Internet , Antonin Billet, 01net, 21/11/2000. - - imprimer - le rapport
  • [trends] [economy] Les clients d`Oracle s`insurgent contre les tarifications à l`unité de puissance , Philippe Billard, 01 Informatique, 17/11/2000. - Comme c`est généralement le cas, la lame de fond vient des Etats-Unis... « Faudra-t-il désormais demander l`autorisation à Oracle avant de changer de matériel ? » ... Les utilisateurs Oracle sont-ils piégés ? - imprimer
  • [patent] [buffoon] The Euro Software Patent Chamber of Horrors, Andrew Orlowski, The Register, 21/11/2000. - The show is part of an effort to show how the ownership of fundamental concepts such as multi-tasking, filename conversion and even abstract processes that have nothing to do with software - dynamic pricing, for example - have been granted to individuals or corporations.
  • [patent] [Europe] Europe Starts Debate on Patents , Michelle Delio, Wired News, Nov. 21, 2000 . - browsing through the database of patents the EPO has granted, researchers "quickly find out that this has nothing to do with protecting software, let alone protecting innovative solutions." - 2 - printer friendly
  • [Internet] 7 Domains to Compete With .Com, Chris Gaither, The New York Times, November 17, 2000. - Icann selected .info and .biz for general use and .pro for professionals. Also added were .name for personal Web sites, .museum for museums, .aero for airline groups and .coop for business cooperatives.
  • [freedom] [politics] [Poland] GNU/Linux taxed in Poland ?! Mariusz Przygodzki, debian-devel@lists.debian.org, 13 Nov 2000. - The fiscal office has treated GNU software as a DONATION for this company with a price on the level of M$ Windows NT and M$ Office prices. According to the Polish tax regulations this company must pay about 30% of these values now.
  • [Internet] [copyright] [trade-mark] [justice] Dans la jungle des noms de domaine, Alain Hazan, Le Monde Interactif, 15 novembre 2000. - Après les marques déposées, les noms commerciaux, les noms patronymiques, ce sont donc les termes ou expressions protégés par le droit d'auteur qui peuvent entrer en conflit avec un nom de domaine. En procédant à l'enregistrement à son profit du titre Ecran Noir comme nom de domaine, la société Productions du téléphone a privé son auteur de la libre utilisation de son oeuvre. L'enregistrement de ces noms de domaine constitue donc une contrefaçon, dont le tribunal a ordonné la cessation en même temps que le transfert des noms à leur véritable titulaire, qui s'est vu allouer la somme de 50 000 francs à titre de dommages et intérêts.
  • [freedom] [administration] Le Logiciel Libre : quelles perspectives pour une collectivité locale ?, Aymeric Poulain-Maubant, JIPO, 20 avril 2000. -
  • [patent] [politics] [economy] La bataille cachée du brevet sur le logiciel, Le Monde Interactif, 15 novembre 2000. - - imprimer
  • [stats] [linux] Putting Linux on the Fast Track, Michael Dell Keynote at the LinuxWorld Expo, San Jose, August 15, 2000. - Twenty-five to 30 percent of the total server market is expected to be Linux-based servers. For 1999 to 2004, IDC expects Linux to produce a CAGR in excess of 34 percent, more than any other server OS and almost double its closest competitor. About 10 percent of Dell servers ship with Linux
  • [copyright] [politics] UCITA: Coming to a Statehouse Near You, Daniel Uhlfelder, Ubiquity, Vol. 1, No. 36, November 13, 2000. - one of the more controversial measures in the law -- a so-called self-help provision that allows vendors to remotely disable the software they sell to users
  • [Europe] [politics] Une Société de l'information pour Tous: IST'2000 , 6-8 novembre 2000.
  • [economy] En misant sur les services, Compaq devient un généraliste de l'informatique Christophe Jakubyszyn Le Monde, 11 novembre 2000, page 25, Entreprises. - ... ne gagne plus d'argent dans la vente de PC ... « A terme les services représenteront 25 % de la valeur de nos produits » - (version 2 et encadre)
  • [economy] [Windows] De vieilles règles pour la nouvelle économie Daniel Cohen, Le Monde, 11 novembre 2000, pages 1 et 24, Horizons-Analyses. - Contrairement à l´ancienne, la nouvelle économie se caractérise par une structure de coût totalement atypique, où le gros des dépenses se situe dans la conception des biens plutôt que dans leur fabrication stricto sensu. - une analyse utile, mais un peu limitée de l'économie du logiciel. Rien sur les effets de réseau. - (version 2)
  • [copyright] [interoperability] Copyright Office Backs Digital Law, Amy Harmon, The New York Times, October 30, 2000. - DMCA: it is illegal to create or distribute a device like a computer program that can crack the copy-protection security code on an electronic book or a DVD movie disc. A federal judge found that Eric Corley had violated the law by distributing a program designed to break the security code on DVD's so that they could be played on computers running Linux.
  • [Windows] [Italia] Italians revolt against Microsoft supremacy Philip Willan, InfoWorld.com, Oct. 30, 2000. - "There have been initiatives on this front in other countries, but this is perhaps the first time that a public appeal has been signed by 1,000 representatives of the IT and academic worlds," said the finance ministry's Fornari. Italy could save up to half the country's $1.3 billion annual software budget if it adopted open-source software. - printer friendly
  • [patent] Government Property , Lawrence Lessig, The Standard, October 30, 2000. - The bureaucrats in Washington don't just break monopolies. They also make them. ..."software developers have to check in with the federal government every time they get a new idea." - part2 - printer friendly
  • [patent] [politics] [Deutschland] Diplomatische Kraftprobe [Bras de fer diplomatique], Harald Schumann, SPIEGEL ONLINE - 27. Oktober 2000 Ms Daeubler Gmelin, Minister of Justice : One can not have such a central question of the economic policy determined finally " by Malta and Liechtenstein
  • [freedom] [Deutschland] [Europe] Germany Leads In Open-Source Development, Stuart Glascock, TechWeb News, CMPnet, Nov 1, 2000. - 250,000 developers worldwide are involved in open-source work, either contributing code, writing documentation, or tracking bugs... Europeans represent 37 percent of contributions; followed by 23 percent from .com addresses; 12 percent from .edu domains; 10 percent from .net; 7 percent from .org; and 11 percent from other sources. - printer friendly
  • [linux] [stats] Linux, une alternative de plus en plus sérieuse, Jean-Baptiste Su, Internet Professionnel, 03/11/2000. - À l'heure où beaucoup d'entreprises pensent déjà à la prochaine génération de processeurs 64 bits pour leur centre de serveurs, l'offre de Linux est pratiquement prête.Selon, IDC le marché de Linux atteindra 12,3 Md$ en 2004 contre à peine 182 M$ en 1999. L'OS ne rapportant pas énormément, la grande partie de l'activité sera concentrée sur les applications et les services. - printer friendly
  • [linux] [Windows] Windows 2000 'not ready for web servers', Jo Ticehurst, Gartner Symposium Europe, 07 November 2000. - Pescatore (senior security analyst at Gartner): "I would not recommend Windows 2000 for internet connected web servers today," ... "By 2005, managed Linux will be the most secure operating system." - printer friendly
  • [terrorism] [patent] Suit Turns the Tables on Patent Critic, Brenda Sandburg, The Recorder, October 31, 2000. - "He (Greg Aharonian) shamelessly, and oftentimes profanely, attacks [the] United States government, specifically the Patent and Trademark Office, its examiners and various public officials and private citizens," An interesting case of using general patents infringement in software to go after selected people for irrelevant reasons.
  • [copyright] [Internet] Treasure Trove Looted John Macdonald, 1 November 2000. - Eric Weisstein, the creator of Eric's Treasure Trove, turned the content of the site into a book, The CRC Concise Encyclopedia of Mathematics. CRC Press forced him to close the site.
  • [freedom] Un formidable atout pour le Sud Djamila Belhout, La Tribune (Algérie), 5 novembre 2000. - La GPL est très certainement l'une des plus grandes idées de l'histoire économique. - Microsoft Algérie s'attaque au marché de l'éducation, 13 novembre 2000, ... après une dizaine d'années d'absence.
  • [linux] [Windows] [education] Pékin plante le drapeau rouge sur Linux Pierre Haski, Libération, 2 novembre 2000. - Le livre de Juliet Wu qualifiait Microsoft d'«ennemi du consommateur chinois». Linux sera promu et favorisé partout où cela sera possible dans l'immense parc informatique de l'administration chinoise. En particulier dans le système éducatif: les 1 500 centres d'examen chinois sont ainsi équipés du système développé par Red Flag. - Le pingouin alternatif ravit les Etats, Florent Latrive.
  • [patent] [freedom] Setting Patents Free, Peter Wayner, Interactive Week, November 7, 2000. - the wide-open cooperation of free software development makes it difficult, if not impossible, for the community to generate its own patents, says Eben Moglen - printer friendly
  • [education] [industry/corporations] TVorJail 2 kids sent to jail for refising to watch ads on TV at school
  • [Internet] Agency could be coming for your domain name, Brian Livingston, NEWS.COM, August 11, 2000. - proposal suggests revoking the domain names of Web sites that conflict with "geographical terms," individuals' personal names and "tradenames." - printer friendly
  • [Internet] [privacy] Study: Govt. Web sites track users, AP, USA Today, 10/23/00. - Despite their prohibition, 13 govt. agencies use 'cookies' to track users
  • [linux] [Windows] An Open Letter to the Linux Community from Bill G. , Dean Pannell (a.k.a. dinotrac), SosOpinion, 12 Aug 2000. -
  • [linux] [freedom] The Failure of Linux: Credibility and Responsibility, Monty Manley, SosOpinion, 10/4/00. - Many Linux advocates seem to focus on the "freë aspect above all else, to the extent that many younger programmers now expect anything digital to be free. Music, literature, movies, sourcecode, whatever. It has bred an entire generation of freeloaders.
  • [linux] [education] Elementary Linux: Penguins in the School, Gary Lawrence Murphy, SosOpinion, 12 Aug 2000. -
  • [freedom] [stats] [trends] The Orbiten Free Software Survey, 1st Edition, Rishab Aiyer Ghosh & Vipul Ved Prakash, Orbiten Research, May 7 2000. - the Survey will measure and track over time several aspects of the free software economy including: the concentration (or diversity) of contributions and contributors; the degree of intersection between projects and sharing of code; the participation of developers in different projects; volatility of changes to the code base and the developer base.
  • [freedom] [Belgium] Convertir le « fédéral » aux standards ouverts, Alain Jennotte, Le Soir, 27 octobre 2000. - L'initiative va d'ailleurs dans le sens d'un large mouvement européen. (Danemark, France)
  • [freedom] [Belgium] Les logiciels libres annoncent un nouveau modèle économique, Alain Jennotte, Le Soir, 27 octobre 2000. - Eric Raymond ... la patronne de Hewlett Packard, Carly Fiorina, a fait sensation en déclarant que le mouvement « open source » était incontournable et permettait de réaliser d'énormes bénéfices pour les entreprises qui l'adoptaient.
  • [privacy] [Internet] [commerce] The Throwaway Credit Card , Ronna Abramson, The Standard, October 18, 2000. - to offer customers the ability to buy goods on the Internet without disclosing their personal account numbers to merchants. - printer friendly
  • [economy] [trends] [Internet] UC Berkeley Professors Measure Exploding World Production Of New Information Science Daily, October 19, 2000. - Hal Varian and Peter Lyman of Berkeley report new information production in terms of paper, film, optical and magnetic data. - printer friendly
  • [linux] Business Capax Linux - Convertir l'entreprise à Linux aujourd'hui, Cédric GODART, Linux Today, 17 octobre 2000. - s'il est un domaine où Linux fait l'unanimité, c'est indubitablement l'entreprise
  • [music] [copyright] Is the SDMI boycott backfiring?, Janelle Brown, Salon, Oct. 3, 2000. - "The whole focus on using watermarks to screen music is not wise use of resources -- it's expensive, doesn't provide good protection from content and I suspect wéll discover the watermarks are easily broken," says one member. - 2 - 3 - printer friendly
  • [patent] [politics] Diplomatic Conference to revise the European Patent Convention, EPO, 12.10.2000. - The relevant documents.

    References

    Références :   2007   -   2006   -   2005   -   2004   -   2003   -   2002   -   2001   -   2000   -   avant 2000   -   Droit d'auteur / Copyright   -   Brevets / Patents   -   delocalisation

    Citations, Picones et Drapeaux :     Citations     -     picones     -     drapeaux     -     sites

    Citations - Quotes

    Citations

    Quotes on Software Patents by the League for Programming Freedom (variant)

    If nature has made any one thing less susceptible than all others of exclusive property, it is the action of the thinking power called an idea, which an individual may exclusively possess as long as he keeps it to himself; but the moment it is divulged, it forces itself into the possession of everyone, and the receiver cannot dispossess himself of it. Its peculiar character, too, is that no one possesses the less, because every other possesses the whole of it. He who receives an idea from me, receives instruction himself without lessening mine; as he who lights his taper at mine, receives light without darkening me.
    That ideas should freely spread from one to another over the globe, for the moral and mutual instruction of man, and improvement of his condition, seems to have been peculiarly and benevolently designed by nature, when she made them, like fire, expansible over all space, without lessening their density at any point, and like the air in which we breathe, move, and have our physical being, incapable of confinement or exclusive appropriation.
    Inventions then cannot, in nature, be a subject of property.
    Society may give an exclusive right to the profits arising from them, as an encouragement to men to pursue ideas which may produce utility, but this may or may not be done, according to the will and convenience of the society, without claim or complaint from any body.
    --- Thomas Jefferson, letter to Isaac McPherson, 1813, in Writings of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 6, H.A. Washington, Ed., 1854, pp. 180-181, and as cited in Kock & Peden

    Indeed, one of my major complaints about the computer field is that whereas Newton could say, "If I have seen a little farther than others, it is because I have stood on the shoulders of giants," I am forced to say, "Today we stand on each other's feet." Perhaps the central problem we face in all of computer science is how we are to get to the situation where we build on top of the work of others rather than redoing so much of it in a trivially different way. Science is supposed to be cumulative, not almost endless duplication of the same kind of things.
    R. W. Hamming -- One Man's View of Computer Science -- 1968 Turing Award Lecture

    Chacun en a sa part et tous l'ont tout entier !
    Victor Hugo - Les feuilles d'automne.

    'Who owns my polio vaccine? The people! Could you patent the sun?'
    Jonas Salk (1914-1995), who developed the first effective anti-polio vaccine [soource: NewsScan Daily: October 20, 1999]

    Auch wenn ich untergehe, lasst meine Bilder nicht sterben, zeigt sie den Menschen.
    [ Même si je disparais, ne laissez pas mes peintures mourir, montrez-les aux hommes. ]
    Felix Nussbaum, mort à Auschwitz en 1944. (Felix Nussbaum - Leben und Werk)

    The right to search for truth implies also a duty; one must not conceal any part of what one has recognized to be true.
    [ Le droit de chercher la vérité implique aussi un devoir; on ne doit rien cacher de ce que l'on a reconnu comme vrai. ]
    Albert Einstein, quote engraved on a memorial outside the National Academy of Sciences offices in Washington.

    Tout bien, toute entreprise, dont l'exploitation a ou acquiert les caractères d'un service public national ou d'un monopole de fait, doit devenir la propriété de la collectivité.
    [ Any property, any enterprise, the running of which has or acquires the character of a national public service or of a de facto monopoly, must become public property. ]
    Préambule de la Constitution du 27 octobre 1946 de la République Française, repris dans la Constitution de 1958

    The Congress shall have Power [...] To promote Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries
    [ Le Congrès aura Pouvoir [...] De promouvoir le Progrès de la Science et des Arts utiles, en assurant pour une Durée limitée aux Auteurs et aux Inventeurs les droits exclusifs sur leurs Écrits et Découvertes respectifs. ]
    United States Constitution, Article 1, Section 8, Clause8 - September 17th, 1787.

    "If people had understood how patents would be granted when most of today's ideas were invented and had taken out patents, the industry would be at a complete stand-still today. The solution ... is patent exchanges ... and patenting as much as we can. ... {A future start-up with no patents of its own will be forced to pay whatever price the giants choose to impose. That price might be high: Established companies have an interest in excluding future competitors.}"
    [ "si les gens avaient compris comment se faire accorder des brevets quand la plupart des idées actuelles furent inventées, l'industrie serait aujourd'hui totalement bloquée. La solution ... est l'échange de brevets ... et de breveter autant que nous le pouvons... {Une future jeune pousse dépourvue de brevets sera contrainte de payer le prix que les géants lui imposeront. Ce prix pourrait être élevé : Les sociétés existantes ont un intérêt à exclure de futurs concurrents.}" ]
    William Gates III, Challenges and Strategy memo, May 16 1991, reproduced in "The Patent Wars", Fred Warshofsky, 170-71 (NY: Wiley 1994).
    Note: Though sometimes presented with the quote, the part between braces does not appear in the copy I have of the memo. -- La partie entre accolades ne semble pas faire partie du document original, bien qu'elle soit souvent associée à cette citation.

    La confusion est entre "des programmes libres peuvent exister" et "un programme libre n'aura pas de problème à exister".  Pour decider si le SIDA ou les brevets sont un problème, il faut compter les morts, pas les vivants.
    [ The confusion is between "free programs may exist" and "a free program will have no problem existing". To decide whether AIDS or patents are a problem, one should count the deads, not the survivors.]
    Richard M. Stallman, courriel à membres@aful.org, 16 août 2005 (original en français).

    Gates shed some light on his own hard-nosed business philosophy. "Although about 3 million computers get sold every year in China, but people don't pay for the software," he said. "Someday they will, though. As long as they are going to steal it, we want them to steal ours. They'll get sort of addicted, and then we'll somehow figure out how to collect sometime in the next decade."
    [Gates éclaira sa propre philosophie brutale des affaires. "Bien qu'environ 3 millions d'ordinateurs soient vendus chaque année en Chine, en fait les gens ne paient pas pour le logiciel," dit il. "Un jour ils le feront, pourtant. Si tant est qu'ils le volent, nous voulons qu'ils volent le notre. Comme cela ils seront accoutumés, et alors nous trouverons bien un moyen de nous faire payer au cours de la prochaine décennie."]
    Conference at the University of Washington, reported by Corey Grice and Sandeep Junnarkar in CNET News "Gates, Buffett a bit bearish" *, July 2, 1998.

    "[The Internet] is the dynamic engine that is driving our economy today and we must keep that open"
    Secretary of Commerce William H. Daley [New York Times, 16 Feb 2000]

    We reject kings, presidents, and voting. We believe in rough consensus and running code.
    Dave Clark, A Cloudy Crystal Ball/Apocalypse Now, July 1992, 24th annual IETF conference.

    We now see the potential for Linux to do for applications what the internet did for networks.
    Wladawsky- Berger (IBM), June 2000.

    The relentless march of intellectual property rights needs to be stopped and questioned.
    [ La progression inexorable des droits de propriété intellectuelle doit être arretée et remise en cause. ]
    UNDP, United Nations Development Program, "Human Development Report 1999", Oxford University Press, 1999. http://www.undp.org/hdro/index2.html

    KNOWLEDGE IS LIKE LIGHT. Weightless and intangible, it can easily travel the world, enlightening the lives of people everywhere. Yet billions of people still live in the darkness of poverty - unnecessarily.
    [ Le savoir est comme la lumière. Intangible et immatériel, il peut se propager aisément à travers le monde, illuminant l'existence de chaque individu, où qu'il se trouve. Et pourtant des milliards de gens vivent toujours dans les ténèbres de la pauvreté - sans nécessité. ]
    The World Bank, "World Development Report 1998/99 - Knowledge for Development - Summary", Washington, 1998/99.

    ... as we enjoy great advantages from the inventions of others, we should be glad of an opportunity to serve others by any invention of ours; and this we should do freely and generously.
    [ ... comme nous tirons grand bénéfice des inventions d'autrui, nous devrions être heureux de toute occasion de faire bénéficier les autres de nos propres inventions; et nous devrions faire cela librement et généreusement. - retraduit de l'anglais ]
    The Private Life of the Late Benjamin Franklin, LL.D (known as The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin), chapter X, London, J. Parsons, 1793.
    Mémoires de la Vie Privée de Benjamin Franklin, écrits par lui-même. Paris, Buisson, 1791.
    (His reply when refusing a patent for his invention of a new stove)

    They that can give up essential liberty to obtain a little temporary safety deserve neither liberty nor safety.
    [ Ceux qui peuvent abandonner une liberté essentielle en échange d'un peu de sécurité immédiate ne méritent ni liberté ni sécurité. ]
    Benjamin Franklin, Historical Review of Pennsylvania, 1759.

    The liberty of a democracy is not safe if the people tolerate the growth of private power to a point where it becomes stronger than their democratic State itself. That, in its essence, is Fascism - ownership of government by an individual, by a group, or any controlling private power.
    [ La liberté d'une démocratie n'est pas en sécurité si le peuple tolère la croissance du pouvoir privé au point que sa puissance dépasse celle de l'état démocratique lui-même. Cela, dans son essence, est le Fascisme - l'accaparement du gouvernement par un individu, par un groupe, ou par tout pouvoir de contrôle privé. ]
    Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Message proposing the "Standard Oil" Monopoly Investigation, 1938.

    Whenever there is a conflict between human rights and property rights, human rights must prevail.
    [ Quand il y a conflit entre les droits de l'homme et les droits de propriété, les droits de l'homme doivent prévaloir. ]
    Abraham Lincoln, Quoted in Congressional Record, May 12, 1944.

    La maîtrise des technologies n'est pas séparable de la maîtrise des contenus.
    Catherine Trautmann, Ministre de la Culture, Discours au MILIA de Cannes, 8 février 1998.

    On entend par standard ouvert tout protocole de communication, d'interconnexion ou d'échange et tout format de données interopérable et dont les spécifications techniques sont publiques et sans restriction d'accès ni de mise en oeuvre.
    Loi du 21 juin 2004 pour la confiance dans l'économie numérique, Titre Ier, Chapitre Ier, Article 4.

    Le businessman : Quand tu trouves un diamant qui n'est à personne, il est à toi. Quand tu trouves une île qui n'est à personne, elle est à toi. Quand tu as une idée le premier, tu la fais breveter: elle est à toi. Et moi je possède les étoiles, puisque jamais personne avant moi n'a songé à les posséder.
    Le petit prince : Moi, je possède une fleur que j'arrose tous les jours. Je possède trois volcans que je ramone toutes les semaines. Car je ramone aussi celui qui est éteint. On ne sait jamais. C'est utile à mes volcans, et c'est aussi utile à ma fleur, que je les possède. Mais tu n'es pas utile aux étoiles...
    The businessman: When you find a diamond that belongs to nobody, it is yours. When you discover an island that belongs to nobody, it is yours. When you get an idea before any one else, you take out a patent on it: it is yours. So with me: I own the stars, because nobody else before me ever thought of owning them.
      The little prince: I myself own a flower, which I water every day. I own three volcanoes, which I clean out every week (for I also clean out the one that is extinct; one never knows). It is of some use to my volcanoes, and it is of some use to my flower, that I own them. But you are of no use to the stars... ]
    Le petit prince / The little prince, ch. 13, Antoine de Saint-Exupéry

    When counting the blessings of the Internet we should remember that neither Vinton Cerf nor CERN patented the Internet.
    Commissioner Busquin, OECD Global Research Village Conference, Amsterdam, December 2000.

    The laws of physics seem to change when you enter a new environment, such as the gravity field of the moon -- or the Internet and its easy replication of content. In this issue, we argue that the newly revealed physics of information transfer on the net will change the economics and perhaps ultimately the laws governing the creation and dissemination of intellectual property ... call it content to avoid the presumption of ownership.
    Intellectual Property on the Net, Esther Dyson, Release 1.0, 12-94, Esther Dyson 's Monthly Report, 28 December 1994

    ... the lesser nations of the earth become colonies not of governments but of corporations ...
    [ Les petites nations du globe ne sont plus colonisées par des gouvernements, mais par des sociétés. ]
    Lewis Lapham, La montagne des Vanités - Les secrets de Davos, page 28, Maisonneuve et Larose, 2000, http://www.maisonneuve-et-larose.com, 15 rue Victor-Cousin, 75005, Paris (France), http://vhf.msh-paris.fr/editeurs/ml/ml.html
    The Agony of Mammon, Verso Books (New York); ISBN: 1859847102, 1998, traduction Marie-José Capelle (2000)

    Although in many ways bountiful and in some ways benign, the colossl mechanism that generates the wealth of nations (a.k.a. "The Global Economy," "Moloch," and "The Invisible Hand") lacks the capacity for human speech or conscious thought, a failing that troubles those of its upper servants who wish to believe that it is they who control the machine and not the machine that controls them. Their amour propre forbids them from picturing themselves mere stokers heaving computer printouts and Montblanc pens (or shopping malls md movie studios and Mexicans) into a blind, remorseless furnace. They seek a more gracious portraiture (as masters of markets, captains of commercial empire), and so, every year in late January, they make their optimistic way from the low-lying places of the earth to the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, where, high up on the same alp that provided Thomas Mann with the setting for The Magic Mountain, they brood upon the mysteries of capitalist creation.
    [ Tous les ans, vers la fin janvier, ils quittent les basses terres de notre planète pour les cimes baignées d'optimisme du Forum économique mondial de Davos en Suisse. Et là, sur les hauteurs de ce sommet qui a fourni à Thomas Mann le cadre de la Montagne magique, ils méditent sur les mystères de la création capitaliste. "Ils" ? Les chefs mécaniciens de cette colossale machinerie - baptisée "l'économie mondialisée", "Moloch" ou "Dame Fortune" - qui engendre la richesse des Nations. Sans doute est-elle, à bien des égards, source de libéralités, voire de stabilité, elle n'en est pas moins dépourvue des principales facultés humaines, parler et réfléchir. Les chefs mécaniciens le savent, et parfois même cette évidence les préoccupe, mais, enflés d'amour propre, ils se plaisent à penser qu'ils gardent la maîtrise de leur machinerie et que ce n'est point elle qui les domine. Ils ne veulent pas se voir tels qu'ils sont, de simples factotums qui entretiennent la chauffe d'une fournaise aveugle et impitoyable. Et leur désir d'exister sous un jour plus glorieux - comme opérateurs économiques ou capitaines d'industrie - est si grand, qu'ils gravissent tous les ans les pentes de Davos. ]
    Lewis Lapham, La montagne des Vanités - Les secrets de Davos, page 5 (début), Maisonneuve et Larose, 2000, http://www.maisonneuve-et-larose.com, 15 rue Victor-Cousin, 75005, Paris (France), http://vhf.msh-paris.fr/editeurs/ml/ml.html
    The Agony of Mammon, Verso Books (New York); ISBN: 1859847102, 1998, traduction Marie-José Capelle (2000)

    The Net interprets censorship as damage, and routes around it.
    John Gilmore, cited in many articles, such as:
    Foucault In Cyberspace by James Boyle, 1997.
    Why the Internet is Good - Community governance that works well, Berkman Center Working Draft.

    ... partage des connaissances par le don des progrès et non le paiement des brevets ...
    Che Guevara, Alger, 24 février 1965.
    cité dans "Les chroniques de l'histoire : Che Guevara", éditions Chroniques distribuées par Hachette.

    Paroles d'Alcove

     

    . . . and outrageous statements

    "We want to build picket fences around the technologies that we think are most important for the future."
    Jeff George, Vice President, Intellectual Property and Standards, AT&T. Abstract of presentation (in Technology Review), April 13th, 2000, MIT.

    Intellectual property crime [...] can be linked to the deadliest forms of organised crime.
    Mr. Anthony Murphy, Director of Copyright at the UK Patent Office, Keynote address at the AGM of the Publishers Association, April 10 2001. Reported in a UKPO press release.

    A given amount of health impairing pollution should be done in the country with the lowest cost, which will be the country with the lowest wages. [...] I've always though that under-populated countries in Africa are vastly UNDER-polluted, their air quality is probably vastly inefficiently low compared to Los Angeles or Mexico City.
    [ Une pollution donnée devrait être exportée dans le pays où elle coûte le moins, c'est-à-dire celui ayant les plus bas salaires. [...] J'ai toujours pensé que les pays sous-peuplés d'Afrique sont largement SOUS-pollués. La qualité de l'air y est d'un niveau inutilement élevé par rapport à Los Angeles ou Mexico. ]
    Lawrence H. Summers, Chief economist for the World Bank, Memo, December 12, 1991. (appointed the U.S. Treasury Secretary on July 2nd, 1999, named president of Harvard University on March 11, 2001.

    CBS Reporter Lesley Stahl (speaking of post-war sanctions against Iraq): We have heard that a half million children have died. I mean, that's more children than died in Hiroshima. And - and you know, is the price worth it?
    Madeleine Albright (at that time, US Ambassador to the UN): I think this is a very hard choice, but the price - we think the price is worth it.
    The exchange occurred in a "60 Minutes" segment, "Punishing Saddam" (airdate May 12, 1996) - source: uncoverIraq

    Rather than form a federation with Microsoft and work with what we had already created, there was this notion that the world should be offered an alternative.
    Craig Mundie, Microsoft's chief technical officer speaking at the 2002 World Congress on Information Technology (WCIT), reported in Microsoft's Mundie slams Liberty at WCIT, by Jeanne-Vida Douglas, ZDNet Australia, February 28, 2002.

    . . . and more

    I wanted to see exotic Vietnam, the jewel of Southeast Asia. I wanted to meet interesting and stimulating people of an ancient culture and ... kill them. I wanted to be the first kid on my block to get a confirmed kill.
    Joker in Full Metal Jacket, film by Stanley Kubrick, 1987.

    References

    Références :   2007   -   2006   -   2005   -   2004   -   2003   -   2002   -   2001   -   2000   -   avant 2000   -   Droit d'auteur / Copyright   -   Brevets / Patents   -   delocalisation

    Citations, Picones et Drapeaux :     Citations     -     picones     -     drapeaux     -     sites


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