[AFUL] Livre: La bataille du logiciel libre Livre: Libres enfants du savoir numérique Livre: Liberté Egalité Business [No Software Patents] [Free Speech Online] [Privacy Golden Key]

Ressources libres : repères 2002

Note : Si vous trouvez cette page avec un moteur de recherche, il se peut que ce soit une page d'une année précédente (voir ci-dessous) qui ait été indexée.
if you reach this page through a search engine, it may actually have indexed one of the previous years (see below).

Ceci est une simple liste de documents intéressants, dans leur ordre d'arrivée, qui n'est pas forcément en accord avec l'ordre de création des dits documents.
Voir également:
The Internet Operating System Counter, various Internet statistics, IP index, OCLC Statistics, other stats and surveys, Network Operating Systems ratings by deja.com,
Web surveys by E-Soft ( servers, technology penetration, web probe ...) and the Linux ratings Operating System Sucks-Rules-O-Meter - other site
LWN Linux Stocks Page
Linux Reviews and Articles by Christopher Blizzard.
Comparaisons Unix/Linux/NT
Anciennes revues de presse (non maintenues): Alcove,   J. Le Marois
Linux devices: the embedded LInux portal
Les Archives de l'Autres Monde par Séverin Tagliante, et ses debats sur LiBre AcTu 0.1

Revue de la presse française : Portalux News


Références :   2007   -   2006   -   2005   -   2004   -   2003   -   2002   -   2001   -   2000   -   avant 2000   -   Droit d'auteur / Copyright   -   Brevets / Patents   -   delocalisation

Citations, Picones et Drapeaux :     Citations     -     picones     -     drapeaux     -     sites
Certaines de ces références peuvent être anciennes, mais récemment ajoutées.
Some reéferences may be older, but recently added.


  • The LWN 2002 Linux Timeline
  • Le logiciel libre dans les entreprises françaises Benchmark, 09/01/02, 92 pages. - (en vente).
  • Document exclusif: la liste complète des logs sous surveillance, ZDNet France, 7 juin 2002. - La liste des logs dressée par Europol dans son intégralité. - print
  • Virginia court dismisses Internet libel suit, Larry O'Dell (AP), Nando Times, December 15, 2002. - The articles were posted on the newspapers' Web sites. The fact that the Internet postings can be viewed by Virginians as well as others was not enough to support filing the lawsuit in the federal court in Big Stone Gap, Va. - print
  • Virus Linux, Last update: 12/31/2002. - - next
  • 101 things that the Mozilla browser can do that IE cannot., Neil Deakin, December 17, 2002. - - français - FAQ/Astuces pour Mozilla et Netscape 7
  • Noms de domaine : les dix types de litiges possibles, Marie-Anne Gallot Le Lorier, Le Journal du Net, 17/12/2002. - - imprimer
  • Intellectual Property on the Internet: A Survey of Issues WIPO, December 2002. - - html - pdf - word
  • Is $200 the magic number for PCs? John G. Spooner, ZDNet News, December 18, 2002. - it's hard to find a $200 PC with Windows. Versions of Microtel PCs with Windows XP cost about $70 more than their Lindows counterparts, pushing them to $300 or more - print - see Linux and the total cost of ownership, LWN, Dec 12, 2002.
  • Analysts: Microsoft feels tug of Linux Joe Wilcox and Stephen Shankland, CNET News, December 10, 2002. - One of the reasons they hate the GPL so much is they can't extend and embrace Linux without burning themselves. ... Kusnetzky acknowledged that the market research firm's data doesn't account for all the Linux server installations. "In the Linux numbers, we are only counting shipments that people paid for," he said. "Free replicas or free downloads are not quoted in the numbers we make available. Gartner's shipment data, which is more up-to-date than IDC's, shows strong gains by Linux and a modest increase by Windows. - print
  • Glass Panes and Software: Windows Name Is Challenged Steve Lohr, The New York Times, December 30, 2002. - "Although Lindows.com certainly made a conscious decision to play with fire by choosing a product and company name that differs by only one letter from the world's leading computer software program," the judge wrote, "one could just as easily conclude that in 1983 Microsoft made an equally risky decision to name its product after a term commonly used in the trade to indicate the windowing capability of a G.U.I." - 2 - print
  • Finally a productivity payoff from IT? David Kirkpatrick, Fortune.Com, CNN, December 18, 2002. - "IT-enabled services" provided in India for customers elsewhere will rise from $1.46 billion annually to about $17 billion in five years. BPO will cause 3.3 million U.S. jobs to move offshore by 2015. But companies will reap a huge productivity gain if they can lower labor costs by 60 percent. - print
  • Free Culture Lawrence Lessig, Keynote from OSCON 2002, 08/15/2002. - - 2 - 3 - print - mp3 - flash
  • New DVD-copying software sets stage for legal showdown with Hollywood & Benny Evangelista, San Francisco Chronicle, December 9, 2002. - "I've got a lot of comment from parents who want to make a copy so their kids don't wreck the third copy of 'Shrek' they just bought" - print
  • Studios want permanent injunction against programs that allow motion pictures to be duplicated Jon Healey, The Los Angeles Times, December 20 2002. - the studios added the three owners of 321 Studios to the case, potentially subjecting them to penalties and restrictions. - print
  • Proposition de loi tendant à généraliser dans l'administration l'usage d'Internet et de logiciels libres Pierre Laffitte, René Trégouët, Jacques Pelletier et Paul Girod, Sénat, séance du 24 octobre 2002. -
  • Trade groups appeal Microsoft settlement Reuters, CNet, December 20, 2002. - - print
  • IBM plans open-source storage strategy Stephen Shankland , ZDNet News, December 20, 2002. - IBM has tapped into the open-source community as a way to speed the development and adoption of technologies it favors and to give itself more cachet with in-the-know programmers. - print
  • U.S. Copyright Office Rejects Napster's First Line of Defense atnewyork Staff, September 12, 2000. - Ironically, increasing evidence points to file-sharing technology like Napster, as the reason behind growing record sales. - print
  • Metallica Fans Strike Back Lisa Szucs, TechTV, May 16, 2000. - Under the DMCA, if an Internet service provider-- which Napster claims it is-- receives a complaint [...] hat ISP should immediately remove the user from its service. But if that user submits a legal counternotification, then the copyright holder, such as Metallica, has 10 days to decide whether to take legal action. If Metallica does not initiate legal action against these potential exiles, Napster must reinstate the users. - print
  • Napster: Fanning the Flames Lisa Szucs, TechTV, July 14, 2000. - But after 30,000 of them claimed innocence, and Metallica declined to sue the named users, Napster reinstated them. ... "One of the risks of acting too quickly to shut down a technology, is that you don't ever allow business models to develop and history shows... that those business models develop in unexpected ways" - Napster: Cover Me - Technology Is 'Two Steps Ahead' - print
  • The Napster rant. William Blaine Dowler, October 10, 2000. - Suing the creators of Napster because people use it to pirate music is like Addison-Wesley suing Xerox because a student photocopied a textbook. The Napster users broke the law, not the Napster creators. ... Is the RIAA ripping people off? Yes, they are. Are they also ripping off the artists? Yes, they are. Does that give you the right to rip off the artist?
  • EMusic wants Napster users banished Ben Charny, ZDNet News, November 28, 2000. - The program -- running at only 10 percent capacity -- has so far identified 35,000 offending files. ... Both Metallica and Dr. Dre are suing Napster. - print
  • Why Metallica is suing Howard King (Metallica's attorney), CNN Law Center, May 19, 2000. - Metallica has always been generous with its music. Unlike most bands, Metallica has always allowed, and still allows, fans to record live concerts and trade those recordings in any format, including MP3. Metallica has also chosen on several occasions to provide free concerts and to stream albums and live concerts over the Internet for free. ... But giving away the band's music in these instances has been strictly Metallica's choice, as well it should be.
  • Metallica fingers 335,435 Napster users John Borland, CNET News, May 1, 2000. - The band initially sued three universities that allowed students to use Napster, charging that they were assisting in copyright piracy. All three quickly backed down ... - print
  • Enquête: comment l'Adapi traque les fraudeurs de logiciels Christophe Guillemin, ZDNet France, 5 décembre 2002. - «Je conseille de ne pas ouvrir la porte à ces agents et de s'en remettre au parquet. Les entrepreneurs ont tout à fait de droit de refuser l'accès à leurs ordinateurs.» - imprimer
  • Open-source group wary of Microsoft's code-sharing Indiatimes, December 26, 2002. - A senior executive at Microsoft India said that over the last few years the Shared Source Initiative has been rolled out in 32 countries ... Atul Chitnis, managing director, Exocore Consulting, said the government should seek legal advice to understand the implications of exposing itself to Microsoft's shared source license. The shared source license has exactly the opposite intent of OpenSource licenses. It legally restricts the licensee's options instead of enforcing freedom,? he said. - print
  • New Rules for Battling a Goliath Erick Schonfeld and Ian Mount, Business 2.0, June 2002. - - print
  • Beating Bill Erick Schonfeld and Ian Mount, Business 2.0, June 2002. - Giants like AOL, Palm, and Sony have tried and flailed. But that doesn't mean it can't be done. Some little guys are actually sticking it to Microsoft - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - print
  • How Microsoft Conquered Washington Jeffrey Birnbaum with Reporter Melanie Nayer,, Fortune, April 2002. - in its last fiscal year Microsoft donated $36.6 million in cash and $179 million in software to good causes--many of which helped the company get cozy with politicians ... But what Microsoft has done in Washington in the past few years just gives it new cause for arrogance--it has created a model for influencing government that other companies are sure to follow. - alt - alt - alt - print
  • Microsoft Switches Strategy on Linux Helen Jung, AP, LA Times, December 26 2002. - The company even commissioned a study, by International Data Corp., concluding that in network infrastructure, file serving, print serving and security workloads, Linux-based servers cost more to run than Microsoft Windows 2000 server software over a five-year period. Meta Group projects that Linux will grow from today's roughly 15% to as much as 45%. - print
  • Conte de Noël: De l'héroïne au super-ordinateur... : Le Libre peut vous sauver ! Jepiho, LinuxFrench, 19 juillet 2002 donne gratuitement plus de 12000 ordinateurs par an
  • Deadline Passes for European Digital Copyright Law Reuters, Yahoo! News, Dec 23, 2002. - "It's a bit disappointing," Francisco Mingorance told Reuters. Just Greece and Denmark have adopted the directive. The music and film industries have been hit hard too, particularly by the growth of online file-sharing networks Kazaa and Grokster ... - print
  • Microsoft Loses a Round to Rival Sun. Amy Harmon, The New York Times, December 24, 2002. - The judge would order Microsoft to stop shipping a version of Java that Sun contends damages the chances of its own version because it is outdated and creates confusion among programmers about which one to use for developing software. ... While the ruling might be a legal milestone, some industry analysts said it would probably be too late to have a significant effect in the market. "Had Microsoft not undercut Java the way it did it would likely be more popular on desktops today," said David Smith, an analyst at Gartner Inc. "But now there are other alternatives. - print
  • A Peek at History, Piracy-Free Patrick Di Justo, Wired News, Dec. 27, 2002. - In contrast with many U.S. media companies, which are insisting on mandatory copy protection of digital content, British Pathe uses a much simpler method to protect its intellectual property: They've placed a small British Pathe logo in the bottom-right corner of each video. EFF: "They're treating their customers like customers, not criminals. It's not surprising that they're thriving," ... EFF Doctorow points out that copy protection has never effectively stopped dedicated piracy. "It just controls what the average citizen can do with the media they've paid for." - print
  • Le droit du bichon Editorial, Le Monde, p. 11, 27 décembre 2002. - il faudrait respecter un principe simple : ce que l'oeil peut voir in situ, l'oeil doit pouvoir le photographier. ... le Monde est nettement plus sensibilisé aux problèmes qui le concernent.- imprimer
  • Patrimoine : il faut payer pour voir Michel Guerrin, Le Monde, p. 1 et 18-19, 27.12.02. - L'autocensure se généralise. Les signes distinctifs d'une maison ou d'un objet sont gommés sur le tirage. Ces règles banalisent le paysage vernaculaire. ... d'ou' la non-oréservation de ces composantes du patrimoine. - imprimer
  • Les mille et une idées des faussaires Dominique Gallois, Le Monde, p. 13, 27.12.02. - - imprimer
  • Les contrefacteurs changent de pays au gré des contrôles ou des occasions Florence de Changy, Le Monde, p. 13, 27.12.02. - - imprimer
  • Du cognac dans une cuisine de Kuala Lumpur Florence de Changy, Le Monde, p. 13, 27.12.02. - - imprimer
  • La contrefaçon se développe à grande échelle en Asie du Sud-Est Florence de Changy, Le Monde, p. 13 (introduction p. 1), 27.12.02. - entre 5 % et 7 % du commerce international ... Mais pour certains pays [...] c'est parfois un moyen de s'approprier des savoir-faire et d'entrer dans une nouvelle phase de développement. - imprimer
  • Deux associations poursuivent la lutte contre Microsoft Reuters, Libération, 21 décembre 2002. - nous concluons respectueusement que cet accord n'est pas dans l'intérêt du public - imprimer
  • Australie: Microsoft défend son pré carré face aux offres Linux de Sun Andrew Colley, ZDNet Australia, 29 novembre 2002. - L'enjeu est le parc informatique du ministère, composé de quelque 300000 ordinateur de bureau. - print
  • Open Source and Linux: 2002 Poster Children for Security Problems AberdeenGroup Perspective, Volume 1 No. 35, November 12, 2002. - Open source software is now the major source of elevated security vulnerabilities for IT buyers. ... FUD - abstract
  • Harvard Mouse can't be patented Kirk Makin and Darren Yourk, Globe and Mail, December 05, 2002. - "Canadians certainly distinguished between things that are easily patentable, like Velcro, zippers and car engines, and higher lifeforms, like mice or gorillas or whales." - print
  • Brevets sur le vivant OGMdangers, Décembre 2001. - Argumentaire
  • Integrating Intellectual Property Rights and Development Policy Report of the Commission on Intellectual Property Rights, London September 2002. - [chapter 1] historically IP regimes have been used by countries to further what they perceive as their own economic interests. ... between 1790 and 1836, as a net importer of technology, the US restricted the issue of patents to its own citizens and residents. ... Until 1891, US copyright protection was restricted to US citizens - comments
  • Vive le logiciel libre Yves Eudes, Le Monde, 17 Mars 1996. - Ces « freeware », nés aux Etats-Unis, témoignent de la culture libertaire des premiers usagers des réseaux, et de la tradition universitaire de libre circulation des idées et des techniques - imprimer
  • Plan pour la propriété industrielle Anvar, Les entretiens de l'industrie, 28 novembre 2002. - Il apparaît indispensable de réduire le coût d'accès au brevet européen, unifier le système judiciaire pour le rendre plus sûr et renforcer le rôle de l'Office européen des brevets (OEB). ... instaurer une véritable "culture de la propriété industrielle" ... revoir la composition du conseil d'administration de l'INPI pour l'ouvrir aux Pme ... qui en étaiant donc exclues ! Encadrer la brevetabilité des inventions mises en oeuvre par ordinateur par une application rigoureuse des critères classiques de brevetabilité et en y ajoutant la nécessité d'une contribution ou effet technique prouvé. - fiches - discours
  • Trade Talks Fail to Agree on Drugs for Poor Nations Elizabeth Becker The New York Times, December 21, 2002. - The chief aim was to find a compromise that "was not a general assault on the intellectual property rights of pharmaceutical companies ... James Love: "President Bush wants to argue that the diseases American children receive treatment for are off limits to poor children in poor countries, but they cannot win that argument." - print
  • Accès aux médicaments: le véto americain Christian Losson, Libération, 23 décembre 2002. - George W. Bush avait menacé l'allemand Bayer de contourner son brevet sur le Cipro si les prix du médicament contre la maladie du charbon n'étaient pas cassés. - imprimer
  • Les Etats-Unis bloquent les négociations sur l'accès aux "génériques" avec AFP, Le monde, 24 décembre 2002. - le sous-secrétaire d'Etat américain au commerce, Grant Aldonas, a estimé qu'un échec des négociations "ne serait pas un désastre" - imprimer
  • Médicaments à bas prix : les pays pauvres attendront Editorial, Le monde, 24 décembre 2002. - Les membres de l'OMC se sont perdus dans des débats juridiques ... - imprimer
  • Defense Rests in ElcomSoft Trial Joanna Glasner, Wired News, Dec. 11, 2002. - "The law is unclear in its meaning. It seems to criminalize something that's usually legal." - print
  • New Premise in Science: Get the Word Out Quickly, Online, Amy Harmon, The New York Time, December 17, 2002. - the point is not how much money the journals make, but their monopoly control over literature that should belong to the public. - print
  • Le paradoxe des Logiciels Libres Jean-Michel Yolin
  • Et des primes pour les chercheurs qui «brevètent» Grégoire Biseau et Florent Latrive et Catherine Maussion, 12 décembre 2002. - rémunérer les chercheurs, non plus uniquement en fonction de leurs publications scientifiques, mais aussi des prises de brevet. - imprimer
  • Pentagon Plans a Computer System That Would Peek at Personal Data of Americans John Markoff, The New York Times, November 9, 2002. - The Pentagon is constructing a computer system that could create a vast electronic dragnet, searching for personal information as part of the hunt for terrorists around the globe - print
  • Verdict Seen As Blow to DMCA Joanna Glasner, Wired News, Dec. 18, 2002. - the jury showed an unwillingness to convict a company merely for creating a program that others might use to commit acts of copyright infringement. ... "Willfulness was the central question of the trial" - print
  • Copyright: l'éditeur russe Elcomsoft acquitté Lisa M. Bowman, ZD Net, 18 décembre 2002. - les jurés ont tous considéré que le produit d'Elcomsoft est illégal. Mais ils ont acquitté la société, car pour eux elle n'a pas enfreint volontairement la loi. - ... étrange. imprimer
  • New Premise in Science: Get the Word Out Quickly, Online, Amy Harmon, The New York Time, December 17, 2002. - the point is not how much money the journals make, but their monopoly control over literature that should belong to the public. - print
  • Le paradoxe des Logiciels Libres Jean-Michel Yolin
  • Politique en faveur de l'innovation, Conférence de presse de Claudie Haigneré, ministre chargée de la Recherche et des Nouvelles Technologies, 11 décembre 2002. - Le Ministère chargé de la Recherche a aussi la volonté d'inciter les chercheurs publics à déposer plus de brevets, mieux gérés. Des mesures fortes sont prévues dès 2003, telles le lancement d'une campagne nationale de sensibilisation des chercheurs publics au brevet et l'instauration d'une prime par brevet déposé et délivré. ... une participation aux bénéfices des brevets, comme le veulent les textes existants semble plus raisonnable, d'autant que c'est l'administration qui investit, souvent à perte, dans les dépots. Et une prime deconnectée du succès du brevet invite à toutes les dérives, car nombre de brevets sont sans valeur. Pourquoi ne pas nommer des examinateurs de l'INPI dans les instances d'évaluation de la recherche ? Et il y a bien d'autres façons de collaborer avec l'industrie. Ne serait-ce pas plutôt un artifice idéologique en faveur des brevets ? - Communiqué de presse
  • Et des primes pour les chercheurs qui «brevètent» Grégoire Biseau et Florent Latrive et Catherine Maussion, 12 décembre 2002. - rémunérer les chercheurs, non plus uniquement en fonction de leurs publications scientifiques, mais aussi des prises de brevet. - imprimer
  • La copie: du vol en famille Germain Latour (avocat), Libération, 18 décembre 2002. - S'il n'y avait pas d'oeuvre il n'y aurait pas de support, s'il n'y avait pas d'auteur il n'y aurait pas d'éditeur et s'il n'y avait pas d'éditeur il n'y aurait pas d'amateurs d'oeuvres. ... en quoi l'éditeur est-il donc essentiel dans cette chaîne (paiement des avocats mis à part) - imprimer
  • Internet poussé à l'autocensure Eric Glover, Courrier International, 12/12/2002. - La liberté d'expression sur Internet pourrait se trouver limitée à travers le monde du fait d'une décision de justice australienne
  • A framework for understanding the impact of GPL copylefting vs. non copylefting licenses Philippe Aigrain, 21 octobre 2002. - - Un cadre de réflexion pour comprendre l'impact du choix des licences "copyleft" telle que la GPL, par opposition aux licences "non-copyleft", traduction Matthieu Piaumier, 6 décembre 2002.
  • Some Economics of Personal Activity and Implications for the Digital Economy Douglas A. Galbi, First Monday, Volume 6, Number 7 - July 2nd 2001. - historical facts about personal activity and commercial efforts to attract personal attention.
  • The Case for Institutional Repositories: A SPARC Position Paper Raym Crow, SPARC, July 28, 2002. - identifies four features of scholarly publishing: registration, certification, awareness, and preservation. - pdf
  • Piracy is Progressive Taxation, and Other Thoughts on the Evolution of Online Distribution Tim O'Reilly, The O'Reilly Network, 12/11/2002. - Obscurity is a far greater threat to authors and creative artists than piracy. - 2 - print
  • The peer-review process Fytton Rowland, Learned Publishing (2002), Vol.15 Nb.4, 247-258. - The recent literature about peer review of scholarly articles is reviewed, with particular emphasis on the cost of the peer-review process.
  • A market to die for? Chris Beckett, UKSG Serials-eNews, November 21, 2002. - a recent Morgan Stanley Equity Research (Europe) report entitled Scientific Publishing: Knowledge is Power. ... Thirdly the report asserts that smaller publishers, both commercial and society, will lose market share to the larger publishers who can put together compelling content bundles that appeal to individual libraries and consortia alike.
  • Spyware Lettre mensuelle romande, Décembre 2002. - Comment les éliminer ? La rédaction a essayé deux programmes : ad-aware et spybot search and destroy.
  • MS targets Linux defectors with 'special' price discounts John Lettice, The Register, 28/11/2002. - even Steve Ballmer, now concedes that it might just have goofed with its new licensing procedure ... Microsoft seems to be particularly concerned about Lindows - slashdot
  • EUCD - Les extensions du droit d'auteur qui nous menacent FSF, 2002/11/22. -
  • Trusted Computing Forum 2001 Remarks by Craig Mundie, Microsoft, Nov. 6, 2001. -
  • MS Takes Hard Line on Security Paul Boutin, Wired News, Nov. 14, 2002. - "We're dragging around a giant tail of systems that were built a long time ago," ... A mere 1 percent of Windows bugs account for half of the crashes reported from the field. - print
  • DeCSS troubles persist for Norwegian teen Lisa M. Bowman, CNet, January 10, 2002. - Law has been used to pursue someone for breaking into material he already owns. ... "The Norwegian government finally succumbed to the pressure of Hollywood" - print
  • Rapport Hadas-Lebel sur le droit d'auteur des salariés ... une levée de la prohibition touchant la cession des oeuvres futures ... - communiqué de presse du 5 décembre 2002 - lettre de mission du 14 octobre 2002 - lettre de transmission du 1er décembre 2002.
  • Net libel watershed Chris Janz, Caitlin Fitzimmons and wires, December 10, 2002. - - print
  • Australian court to hear Net case Reuters, CNet, December 9, 2002. - Debate centered on whether an alleged defamation was published in New Jersey, where Dow Jones's Web servers are located, or in Victoria, Australia, where some readers saw the story. - print - the Australian ruling
  • Sony to Bundle StarOffice in Europe Peter Galli, eWEEK, December 5, 2002. - - print
  • Sony dumps MS Office for StarOffice David Becker, ZDNet UK, 6th December 2002. - The deal makes Sony the first top-tier PC maker to use StarOffice and marks another dent in Microsoft's dominance of office applications. - print
  • Sony Leaves Microsoft for StarOffice Michael Singer, siliconvalley, December 6, 2002. - - print
  • Usability and Open Source Software David M. Nichols and Michael B. Twidale, University of Waikato, Working Paper 10/02, December 4, 2002. we review the existing evidence of the usability of open source software and discuss how the characteristics of open-source development influence usability.
  • Online or Invisible? Steve Lawrence, Nature, Volume 411, Number 6837, p. 521, 2001. - Articles freely available online are more highly cited. For greater impact and faster scientific progress, authors and publishers should aim to make research easy to access. More highly cited articles, and more recent articles, are significantly more likely to be online, in computer science. The mean number of citations to offline articles is 2.74, and the mean number of citations to online articles is 7.03, an increase of 157%. - pdf - in Nature
  • Quelle protection juridique pour les logiciels ? Entre brevet et droit d'auteur, Me Thibault Verbiest Avocat aux Barreaux de Bruxelles et de Paris, 10 avril 2002. -
  • The Enterprise Penguin, Barbara French, NewsForge, December 04, 2002. -
  • Technologies: Le patron de l'Office européen des brevets s'explique Alain Jennotte, Le Soir en ligne, Bruxelles, 4 décembre 2002 - La Vie du net, 4 décembre 2002. - Ingo Kober: "L'idée de breveter un logiciel en tant que tel me laisse sceptique"
  • Un scandaleux avant projet de loi de réforme du droit d'auteur Communiqué de presse, APRIL, 4 décembre 2002. - Grâce à la divulgation prématurée de l'avant projet, une réaction a pu avoir lieu.
  • Microsoft's secret for staying on top HBS Working Knowledge, CNET News, December 7, 2002. - The presence of competing platforms like Linux requires that Microsoft continue to invest in its (intellectual property) base and integrate new innovations into its own platform. but ... the friction of doing innovative work in a closed knowledge base environment leads to stagnation. (Ken Dyke - FSB) - print
  • The Human Rights Implications of Intellectual Property Protection, Audrey R. Chapman, Journal of International Economic Law Volume 5, Issue 4, December 2002: pp. 861-882. -
  • Total Cost of Ownership for Linux in the Enterprise C. Robinson, Robert Frances Group, Inc., July 2002. -
  • Dual Licensing in Open Source Software Industry Mikko Välimäki, Helsinki Institute for Information Technology, December 2, 2002. -
  • Open source in ghana Guido Sohne, October 2, 2002. -
  • The ethics of patenting DNA Nuffield Council on Bioethics, July 2002. - many patents that assert rights over DNA sequences have already been granted but are of doubtful validity. ... the granting of patents which assert rights over DNA sequences as research tools should be discouraged.
  • Trade Group Bashes Government Open-Source Bias James Maguire, NewsFactor Network, December 2, 2002. - Initiative for Software Choice (ISC) issued a report that countered another report written by defense contractor MITRE. - print - Comments on MITRE report, on Danish intiative and on government software purchase
  • Discours au Colloque sur la propriété industrielle Nicole Fontaine, Ministre Deleguee à l' Industrie, 28/11/2002. -
  • Une marchandisation extrême de la culture Florent Latrive, Libération, 4 décembre 2002. - - imprimer
  • CD, DVD: menaces sur la copie privée Florent LATRIVE, Libération, 4 décembre 2002. - - imprimer
  • Document de Travail CSPLA 5-12-02 CSPLA. - il s'agit d'appliquer au droit francais la directive européenne qui est la soeur du DMCA (EUCD ou 2001/29/CE)
  • La communauté du libre gagne sa place auprès des géants du logiciel Philippe Davy avec Emmanuelle Delsol, 01 Informatique, 29/11/2002. - profils, salaires, motivations (FLOSS) - imprimer
  • Software Derivative Work: A Circuit Dependent Determination Dan Ravicher, November 8, 2002. -
  • CD protégés : les associations préparent la riposte, Stéphane Long, 01net, 26/11/2002. - les systèmes de protection constituent une restriction au droit à la copie privée. Les majors se retranchent derrière le fait que la copie des CD-Audio reste possible sur des supports classiques (cassette, Mini Disc). ... Alors pourquoi les redevances sur les CDROM et disques durs ? - imprimer
  • Un fonctionnaire européen de choix recruté par Microsoft Reuters, Yahoo! Actualités, 28 novembre 2002. - Pour la Commission, il n'y a aucun risque de conflit d'intérêt, Detlef Eckert s'étant engagé par écrit à ne pas donner d'informations sensibles à Microsoft. ... pourquoi par écrit ?
  • Nouvelle mesure anti-piratage contre des internautes danois Reuters, Yahoo! Actualités, 26 novembre 2002. - Comment peut-on être sûr que chacun des contenus téléchargés est illégal - la loi
  • France : quatre sénateurs pour le logiciel libre dans l'Administration Pierre Berlemont, Décision Micro, 07/11/200. - - imprimer - la proposition de loi
  • Memorandum to the Government of Kerala about the choice of software and syllabus prescribed for the IT@School project: education, Free Software User Group - Kochi, Kerala, India, November 16, 2002. - This would create a monopoly in favour of that corporation and expose the public, the State and the nation to the mercy of a single company.
  • Group urges limits on open source Declan McCullagh, CNET News, November 27, 2002. - MITRE report said that free and open-source software "plays a more critical role in the (Defense Department) than has been generally recognized". ... Proprietary software companies such as Microsoft have labeled open-source software as a serious threat and have begun to oppose its use by governments. - print
  • A Public Service Organisation out of control? Syndical Union of the European Patent Office, JUly 20, 2002 The Administrative Council has shown a tendancy to treat the office as a commercial entity rather than as the public service organisation it is. - copy
  • Why Open Source Software / Free Software (OSS/FS)? Look at the Numbers! David A. Wheeler, November 24, 2002 This paper provides quantitative data that, in many cases, using open source software / free software is a reasonable or even superior approach to using their proprietary competition according to various measures. - Slides, InfoDev Open Source Symposium, October 23, 2002. -
  • EU official to work with Microsoft Reuters, CIOL, November 29, 2002 Another Commission official, who asked not to be identified, said that Eckert had interviewed a number of Microsoft rivals who had complained about the software giant's behavior. - print
  • EU panel investigates Microsoft transfer Associated Press, Globe News, November 28, 2002. - - print
  • Commission to 'look into' antitrust work of MS' Eurocrat hire John Lettice, The Register, 29/11/2002. - ... he took delivery of evidence for the investigation from the Computer & Communications Industry Association (CCIA)
  • 'No conflict of interest,' as MS recruits top Brussels IT Eurocrat, John Lettice, The Register, 26/11/2002. - Microsoft recruited senior European Commission official Detlef Eckert. Two of the staff reporting to him specifically cover "competition cases."
  • Linux! Reflections on Commerce "Anti-Commerce" and the Owning of Ideas Brian Micklethwait, Economic Notes No. 83, Libertarian Alliance, ISBN 1 85637 438 6, 1998. -
  • MS 'Software Choice' scheme a clever fraud Bruce Perens, The Register, 09/08/200. -
  • Understanding the Windows EAL4 Evaluation Jonathan S. Shapiro, Johns Hopkins University Information Security Institute, November 20, 2002. - the most important security problems in Windows and UNIX are design problems rather than implementation problems.
  • Japan mulls Windows replacement Winston Chai, CNETAsia, November 21, 2002. - Vulnerabilities of its Windows operating system may cost Microsoft dearly as the Japanese government is set to evaluate open-source alternatives to beef up computer security. - print - slashdot
  • Anti-leech An average of 15% of your visitors use advertising blocking tools when visiting your sites and the major part of all webmasters will try to copy the content you publish
  • Left gets nod from right on copyright law , Declan McCullagh, CNET News, November 20, 2002. - "These rights keep expanding without any solid information about why they're socially beneficial. At the same time that regulations are diminishing, intellectual-property rights are blossoming--(two) opposite trends bucking each other. ... A specialized court tends to see itself as a booster of its speciality," Posner said. "Patents are clogging retail commerce on the Internet, and software (patents) in particular are apparently impediments to software development." - print
  • Synthèse sur les brevets logiciels Benoît Sibaud, LinuxFR, 20/11/2002. -
  • Open-Source Government - Free-software guru Bruce Perens has a new information-technology solution Hal Plotkin, SF Gate, August 29, 2002. - - print
  • Politiques Logiciels Libres, Revision: 1.4, Marie-Jane Berchten, Théo Bondolfi, Raphael Rousseau et Marc Schaefer, Ynternet, 07/08/2002. - - pdf - sgml
  • Vers un manifeste pour les standards ouverts Julien Tayon, 20 novembre 2002. - - print - pdf
  • Why Amazon and Google Web Services Matter Tim O'Reilly, O'Reilly Network, Nov. 21, 2002. - - print
  • Amazon, Google lead new path to Web services Margaret Kane, CNET News, November 20, 2002. - - print
  • Government Preferences for Promoting Open-Source Software: A Solution in Search of a Problem David S. Evans and Bernard Reddy, National Economic Research Associates, May 21, 2002. - - abstract
  • Why The EUCD Is Bad Eurorights.org, October 15, 2002. - By adding an impenetrable layer of law protection on top of 'protection measures', the large publishers have been given a carte blanche to write their own copyright law. ... - Alan Cox on SlashDot
  • Government agency pulls Web site Stefanie Olsen, CNET News, November 21, 2002. - Electronic Frontier Foundation, further argues that the private sector should not define what is competitive and by withdrawing the scientific data online, the government is threatening the public's right to access information. - print
  • Unix in Hotmail's Win2k switch Thomas C Greene, The Register, 21/11/2002. - An older MS internal whitepaper from August 2000 on switching Hotmail to a whole farm running Win2K, reads like a veritable sales brochure for UNIX, but concludes that the company ought to set the right example by ensuring that each division "should eat its own dogfood." - X .COM Site to Windows
  • Anti-Trustworthy computing Paul Boutin, Salon, April 9, 2002. - getting certain third-party software programs certified for Windows was a brutal, expensive process. - 2 - 3 - print
  • Microsoft's media monopoly Farhad Manjoo, Salon, Oct. 29, 2002. - Bill Gates wants to control the delivery of digital entertainment into your home. - 2 - 3 - print
    Part II: Goliath crushes David, Oct. 30, 2002. - 2 - 3 - print
  • Opera Software's position on software patents Opera, November 6, 2002. - If Europe opens up for software patents, we believe the stream of patent infringement letters will increase. This will mean we have to spend more of our resources evaluating phony claims, rather than concentrating on making better products.
  • Microsoft wants your cellphone Farhad Manjoo, Salon, Nov. 21, 2002. - - 2 - 3 - 4 - print
  • Afloss Tasks Force Who are the people behind Microsoft FUD
  • Bill da mamla ya dil da mamla Chidanand Rajghatta, Times News Network, November 13, 2002. - "You've got to remember Bill is also a world statesman now," a Microsoft honcho told me - print - part II - print - part III - print Gates in India: Closing Windows on Linux?, November 14, 2002. - - print -
  • Tux Fights Bux for the Soul of India& Doc Searls, Linux Journal - Industry Briefs, November 17, 2002. - The way the money is being handed out, open-source is apparently a bigger problem than HIV/AIDS. - print
  • Ideal Matter: Globalisation and the Intellectual Property Debate, Julian Morris, Rosalind Mowatt, W. Duncan Reekie and Richard Tren, Centre for a New Europe, Juin 2002. - - Matière Idéale
  • This is the worst way to protect the Third World Stephen Pollard, Centre for the New Europe, 17 September 2002. - If it were not for copyright protection, India's innovative software industry would not even exist ... a remarkably incompetent article, possibly on purpose.
  • Bill Gates's Indian Coronation The Boston Channel, seen on November 21, 2002. - Bill Gates has never held public office in the U.S. or anywhere else. But in India, he's treated as a head of state when he visits. - print
  • It's worth every dollar P. Sreevalsan Menon & K. Sunil Thomas, The Week, Nov 24, 2002. - The result of the Microsoft vs Linux war is out there in the digital future, but one thing is sure, India will be one of the main battlegrounds.
  • Internet Provisions in Security Bill AP, The New York, Times, November 19, 2002. - The debate over appropriate penalties for serious hacker attacks has intensified since the Sept. 11 terror attacks. - print
  • The War Of The Surfs Arindam Mukherjee, Outlook India, Nov 25, 2002. - So, who will win this tech tussle? Gates, who signifies money power and commercial logic, or Stallman, who epitomises the moral crusader? ... oviously a pure FUD article, not even credible by its own logic. -part 2 - print - more FUD
  • Gates wide open The Economic Times Online, Times News Network, November 17, 2002. - Microsoft chief Bill Gates was everywhere, from AIDS issues to the tablet PC... The world's richest man came with a twin message. That charity and high octane marketing definitely go hand-in-hand. - print
  • MP opens windows to Linux Anil Sharma, The Economic Times Online, Times News Network, November 19, 2002. - This should set at rest any fears that we are anti-Microsoft as such. But we have opted for Linux in this phase, because of the cost factor, and the fact that it avoids costly upgrades and improved versions that are an inseparable element of Microsoft packages - print
  • Linux wins one in India Egan Orion, The Inquirer, 20 November 2002. - For us it is not a question of Microsoft versus Linux. It is just a matter of choosing between a free software and a monopoly. We feel that when we are putting public information out in the open, then it should not be through a proprietary software. ... The capital of Madhya Pradesh is Bhopal ... - slashdot
  • Faut-il se méfier du Web ? Liette D'Amours, CEFRIO, 12 novembre 2002. - - rapport
  • L'oeil du Pentagone Thierry Meyssan, Réseau Voltaire, 18 novembre 2002. - - imprimer
  • TCPA & Palladium Colin, lu le 19 novembre 2002. - - voir aussi Informatique de confiance ou informatique déloyale ?, APRIL, 18 novembre 2002. -
  • Letter to Carol A. Kunze, Eben Moglen, Columbia University, October 23, 2001. - It is the specific intention of the FSF in authoring and advocating use of the GPL, to license the distribution of software on non-contractual terms. ... no one should be required to make any promises or enter into any contract in order to run a computer program. - voir CPI L122-6
  • Linux, Open Source have 'more security problems than Windows', Robin Miller, NewsForge, 15/11/2002. - And yet, here I sit with my virus-free, trojan-free Linux box, receiving tons of viruses and trojans from Windows users (that don't affect me), watching news item after news item about sites run on Windows servers getting defaced and broken into.
  • MS exec rattles sabre, suggests Linux could infringe patents, John Lettice, The Register, 18/11/2002. - Microsoft Israel has played the FUD card against Linux, raising doubts about the provenance of the intellectual property in the software
  • Gospel of Tux unearthed, Au Commencement, Turing cr\151a la Machine, Traduction par Emmanuel Eckard.
  • Tux Fights Bux for the Soul of India& Doc Searls, Linux Journal - Industry Briefs, November 17, 2002. - The way the money is being handed out, open-source is apparently a bigger problem than HIV/AIDS. - print
  • Microsoft versus Open Source in the Third World, Thomas, Geek.com, Nov 15 2002. - Official: "We are a poor country. We cannot develop operating systems and platforms on our own" ... The average yearly income for an Indian is US$400--after import taxes and such, this barely covers the cost of Microsoft Windows.
  • Open IT: Govt to rewrite source code in Linux, Sudha Nagaraj, Times News Network, October 09, 2002. - The Indian government seems to be taking a leaf out of China's operating system, and is planning a countrywide drive to promote the open source operating system, Linux, as the 'platform of choice' instead of 'proprietary' solutions. - print
  • India moving to Linux Egan Orion, The Inquirer, 10 October 2002. - India's government Department of Information Technology has announced a sweeping initiative to move the entire country to Linux as its "platform of choice"
  • Windows, Office, stem Microsoft losses, iTnews staff, 18 November 2002. - four of its seven divisions are loss-making operations, showing the extent to which the company relies on its Windows and Office products. - print
  • Microsoft SEC filing shows hideous losses except for Windows John Lettice, The Register, 15/11/2002. -
  • You may be next PanIP Group Defense
  • Europe's inventors to be protected - Conference in Denmark on European patent insurance 24/10/2002. - It is just a public show of stupidity. The insurance is only for companies who want to sue for infringement. They want to protect the guys who hold guns, not those who are being threatened. Maybe they could also use Charlton Heston and the NRA as advisers in Denmark. - print
  • W3C rejects net patent tax, avoids web schism Andrew Orlowski, The register, 16/11/2002. -
  • W3C Bows to Royalty-free Pressure Margaret Kane, CNET News, November 14, 2002. - - print -
  • Microsoft constate l'attirance des Français pour l'open source Antonin Billet, 01net, 08/11/2002. - fort sentiment anti-Microsoft chez les décideurs informatiques français. 61 % soutiennent l'open source car - ils y voient « une alternative à Microsoft ». En seconde position, l'argument du coût est également prégnant : 60 %. - imprimer
  • Halloween VII, Microsoft internal Linux Strategic Review, Berlin, Sept. 2002. -
  • TechWeb: Microsoft memo questions anti-Linux efforts Mitch Wagner, InternetWeek, November 8, 2002. - Microsoft believes many of its efforts to market its products against Linux and open source are backfiring, according to a memo8 posted on the Internet. - print
  • Services web: une querelle de brevet entrave la validation du standard SOAP, Margaret Kane, CNET News, novembre 2002. - - print
  • Open source courses through DOD Dan Caterinicchia, FCW Federal Computer Week, Nov. 1, 2002. - What would happen if open source software were banned in the Defense Department?
  • Garanties et responsabilités dans les logiciels libres Valérie Sédallian, Avocat à la Cour de Paris, 1er septembre 2002. -
  • Une technologie XML au coeur de querelles d'intérêts& Margaret Kane, CNET News, 9 janvier 2002. - Selon la société canadienne Ufil Unified Data Technologies, une technologie qui a fait l'objet d'une norme du W3 Consortium, le RDF (Resource Description Framework), viole le brevet déposé par ses soins en 1997 - imprimer
  • Microsoft Drowns Out Other Options AP, ABC News, November 14, 2002. - Microsoft Chairman Bill Gates had been handing out so many freebies to India's federal and state governments in the last three days that talk of open-source software had started annoying government officials. - Yahoo - print
  • Brevets logiciels et logiciels libres Martine Jaudeau, Thot, 15 Novembre 2002. - L'AFUL reconnaît la valeur du rapport du Commissariat Général du Plan.
  • Société civile et diplomatie des réseaux Stéphane Mandard, Le Monde interactif, 11.11.02. - Internet est devenu un enjeu géopolitique. Son extension renforce aujourd'hui la puissance des Etats-Unis, parce qu'ils jouissent d'une situation de quasi-monopole technologique - imprimer
  • Discours devant l?Electronic Business Group - Présentation du plan RE/SO 2007 Jean-Pierre Raffarin, 12/11/2002. - Or, il est aujourd'hui patent que la part des TIC dans l'effort de recherche, public et privé, est en France et en Europe fortement en retrait, en pourcentage comme en volume par rapport aux investissements consentis par les Etats-Unis et le Japon :
    Il a donc été décidé que les TIC, comme l'a proposé la Ministre déléguée à la Recherche et aux nouvelles technologies, Mme Haigneré, constitueraient dorénavant une des trois grandes priorités de notre recherche nationale.
    Divers dispositifs doivent par ailleurs être modifiés ou mis en en place pour créer une véritable dynamique de l'innovation dans notre pays. C'est l'objet du projet de loi que j'ai demandé à la Ministre déléguée à l'Industrie, Mme Fontaine, de préparer et qui sera prochainement présenté en Conseil des Ministres. Mon objectif est qu'il soit aussi attractif d'innover en France qu'ailleurs en Europe ou aux Etats-Unis.
    - imprimer
  • The True Believer Robert X. Cringely, The Pulpit, November 7, 2002. - Mike Doyle runs tiny Eolas Technology Inc., which controls a patent that covers embedding plug-ins, applets, scriptlets, or ActiveX Controls into Web pages -- the use of any algorithm that implements dynamic, bi-directional communications between an app embedded in a Web page and external applications. Eolas is suing Microsoft for patent infringement, - slashdot
  • Slowing the Spread of AIDS in India Bill Gates, The New York Times, November 9, 2002. - it can become the best example of how this virus can be defeated. This carrion eater does have expert competence in virology. - print
  • Gates gives $100m to fight HIV, $421m to fight Linux Thomas C Greene, The Register, 13/11/2002. -
  • Gates' Gifts, and Horses' Mouths Dan Gillmor, SiliconValley.com, 11/12/2002. - Oh, and let's not forget the five, count 'em, five, vanity puff-pieces appearing in the New York Times this week glorifying Billg's generosity, one of which he wrote himself. That's worth quite a lot too, in PR brownie points for both him and his company.
  • The Importance Of Being In India, Charles Assisi, Business World, 11th Nov 2002. - last year, India purchased packaged software worth $409 million - of which 80% were Microsoft products
  • The Importance Of Being In India, Charles Assisi, Business World, 11th Nov 2002. -
  • Microsoft ne sait plus comment contrer Linux Nicolas Six, JDNet, 13 novembre 2002. - Dernière solution préconisée par les rapporteurs, bien plus agressive : engager une bataille de brevets. En multipliant les procès contre l'opensource, Microsoft pourrait bien donner du fil à retordre à la communauté du libre. Microsoft dispose pour celà d'un atout considérable : un immense catalogue de brevets, dont une partie est restée inexploitée. Un arsenal dans lequel on trouve de tout, et qui peut légitimement faire trembler la communauté Linux - imprimer
  • European Parliament Resolution on Echelon adopted 5.9.01 5 September 2001. The European Parliament, [...]
    29. Urges the Commission and Member States to devise appropriate measures to promote, develop and manufacture European encryption technology and software and above all to support projects aimed at developing user-friendly open-source encryption software;
    30. Calls on the Commission and Member States to promote software projects whose source text is made public (open-source software), as this is the only way of guaranteeing that no backdoors are built into programmes;
    31. Calls on the Commission to lay down a standard for the level of security of e-mail software packages, placing those packages whose source code has not been made public in the `least reliable' category;
    - Echelon, Sitting of Wednesday, 23 October 2002.
  • Le cyber-communisme, Ou le dépassement du capitalisme dans le Cyberespace. Richard Barbrook, Multitudes, N°5, septembre-octobre 2001.
  • E-administration : les enjeux politiques, Bernard Benhamou, 04 Nov 2002. - L'Internet devient un espace citoyen à part entière mais son évolution relève pour l'instant de décisions techniques qui échappent au débat démocratique.
  • Chilling Effects of the U.S. DMCA on Cryptographic Research Timothy D. Casey and Jeffrey L. Magenau, ISOC member briefing #8, October 2002. - - pdf - text
  • Europe's Microsoft Alternative Ariana Eunjung Cha, Washington Post, November 3, 200. - Extremadura (Spain) abandons Windows, embraces Linux - print
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers Sold to Venture Capitalists Richard Poynder, InfoToday, November 4, 2002. - Elsevier Science now has some 25-30 percent of the scientific and technical market, with second-tier players able to command only around 5 percent each.
  • Logiciels libres : l'Administration à l'avant-garde Philippe Davy, 01 Informatique, 18/10/2002 Les pressions budgétaires, certes évidentes, ne sont pas la seule explication à l'essor de l'utilisation du logiciel libre dans l'Administration. L'indépendance vis-à-vis des éditeurs et l'ouverture aux standards sont, en fait, davantage prisées par les responsables informatiques
  • Microsoft patents ASF media file format, stops reverse engineering Atai, Advogato, 5 Jun 2000. - Third parties cannot develop their own tools to decode ASF or convert ASF to other formats, and if ASF becomes the dominate media format on the Internet Microsoft gains de facto technical control over the creation and distribution of digital media.
  • The Palladium Paradox David Weinberger, Technology Review, October 25, 2002. - ... they will be sorely tempted to release digital content in formats only Palladium can unlock. The dreaded unholy alliance between Microsoft and Hollywood becomes real. - 2 print
  • Plastic makes chip printing possible Toby Howard, Personal Computer World, 24-05-2001. - the Printed PC Lab at MIT is working on printing transistors. Amazingly, this is achieved using a conventional inkjet printer. - print
  • Mac OS among least prone to attack Paul Roberts, IDG, October 31, 2002. - Mi2g recommends creating new, trusted computing platforms and secure operating systems from scratch, rather than relying on patches to fix vulnerabilities. - print
  • Les logiciels libres grand public pour windows severino, Uzine, 21 octobre 2002. - Open Office, Mozilla, Gimp, ...
  • Namibia wisely spurns M$ 'gift' in favor of Linux Thomas C Greene, The register, 31/10/2002. - - SchoolNet Rebuffs M$FT
  • "Socialistes de toute l'Europe, unissez-vous !" Laurent Fabius, Pierre Mauroy et Michel Rocard, Le Monde (page1), 29 octobre 2002. - Pour garder à l'Etat sa capacité d'intervention, nous devons, au plan international, définir des biens publics et conférer à la puissance publique internationale les moyens de les protéger. - imprimer
  • Nouveaux modèles économiques, nouvelle économie du logiciel. Nicolas JULLIEN, Mélanie CLÉMENT-FONTAINE, Jean-Michel DALLE, Rapport RNTL, 31 octobre 2002. - - le rapport en pdf ou pdf compressé
  • The Open Source way to fame and fortune, Robin "Roblimo" Miller, NewsForge, July 01, 2002. - You write a little intrusion detection program for fun, without expecting many people to be interested in it. Four years later you're head of a well-capitalized, fast-growing company
  • Brussels to spend EUR250k on Linux migration study John Leyden, The Register, 30/10/2002. - on the basis of European interest in a pilot scheme to roll out Linux desktops with West Yorkshire police force.
  • Real Networks publie le code source de son lecteur Christophe Guillemin, ZDNet France, 30 octobre 2002. - Face à Microsoft et Windows Media, Real Network mise en effet sur les contributions externes de développeurs pour étendre l'utilisation de sa technologie. - imprimer
  • Torvalds: Linux 2.6 gets formal Stephen Shankland, ZDNet News, October 28, 2002. - - print
  • Linux set to dominate servers Tony Hallett, ZDNet, October 28, 2002. - Butler Group report: Linux will be the major server operating system by 2009 - print
  • Use of Free and Open-Source Software (FOSS) in the U.S. Department of Defense Terry Bollinger (ed.), MITRE, Version: 1.2, October 28, 2002. - Encourage the use of open-source to promote diversity in systems architecture, which would reduce the cost and security risks of being fully dependent on a single software product.
  • Group advises open source for Defense Matthew Broersma, ZDNet (UK), October 30, 2002. - Mitre on FOSS: Use of GPL within groups with well-defined security boundaries should be encouraged to promote faster, more locally autonomous responses to cyberthreats ... architectural diversity lowers the risk of catastrophic cyberattacks - print
  • La lutte contre la contrefaçon des droits de propriété littéraire et artistique dans l'Environnement numérique Rapport n° 2002-36, Philippe Chantepie, Inspection Générale de l'Administration des Affaires Culturelles, 1er octobre 2002. -
  • Le vrai mal français des brevets Michel Moncheny et Hervé Aslan, VoxLatina, (vu) octobre 2002. - les entreprises françaises évoluent en terrain de plus en plus miné par les brevets concurrents et s'exposent donc de plus en plus, au mieux à devoir payer des redevances de licences, au pire à faire l'objet de procès en contrefaçon pouvant se traduire par un arrêt de leurs fabrications. - imprimer
  • An 'agency in crisis' celebrates its 200th birthday David Arnold, Boston Globe, 10/22/2002. - 'The purpose of a patent is often misunderstood, it is not to a create a private fortune, but to stimulate inventions and their disclosure - print
  • Nonprofit to Create Open Source Software, Lawrence M. Fisher, The New York Times, October 28, 2002. - I actually think the PIM [personal information manager] is the central productivity application, not the word processor or the spreadsheet. ... doing away with a "Microsoft Exchange" type of server using peer-to-peer technology. - print
  • Sun Ready to Push Linux as Alternative to Microsoft, John Markoff, The New York Times, September 18, 2002. - "When Microsoft changed their pricing policy for enterprise customers," said David Patrick, the president and chief executive of Ximian, a partner of Sun, "it sent a strong message. And since then our activity has increased exponentially." - print
  • Politiques Logiciels Libres Marie-Jane Berchten, Théo Bondolfi, Raphael Rousseau, Marc Schaefer, Revision: 1.4, Date: 07/08/2002 (document évolutif). - Décisions politiques et actions institutionnelles.
  • MS Office : vers la fin d'un monopole, Raphaël Rousseau, Libroscope, 2 octobre 2002. - - imprimer
  • Content is NOT King, Andrew Odlyzko, First Monday, Vol. 6, Nb. 2, February 5th 2001. - Historically, connectivity has mattered much more than content. Even on the Internet, content is not as important as is often claimed, since it is e-mail that is still the true "killer app." - comment by Ben Tilly
  • Brief Amici Curiae in Eldred vs Ashcroft case, No. 01-618, 15 library associations, May 20, 2002. - The high transaction costs associated with identifying and locating current copyright owners presents a major obstacle to digital publication. ... Even in these [simpler] cases the clearance process consumed approximately a dozen man-hours per work.
  • Eldred v. Ashcroft List of articles and Briefs.
  • The Case Against Micropayments, Clay Shirky, O'Reilly Network P2P, 12/19/2000 Micropayment proponents have long suggested that micropayments will work because it would be great if they did. - 2 - print
  • definition of theft. Dictionary.com. - To constitute theft ... every part of the property stolen must be removed, however slightly, from its former position ... hence copying is not theft.
  • Les brevets logiciels, un enjeu de société Thierry Pinon, Libroscope, 7 mars 2002. - Si vous aviez un doute sur la démocratie européenne, moi je n'en ai plus ! La loi du plus riche est la meilleure - imprimer
  • If they can burn it, they will come Jefferson Graham, USA TODAY, 10/23/2002. - Rhapsody is $9.95 a month, plus 99 cents per song to burn.
  • Real to release code amid strategy shift Paul Festa, CNET News, October 23, 2002. - RealNetworks' server business has suffered rom the formidable threat of Microsoft's Windows Media Player, which comes free with the purchase of Windows 2000. Real's success is going to depend on the efforts it makes to become a real open-source player. - print
  • Le Massachusetts Institute of Technology choisit la gratuité sur le Web Chantal Dussuel, Le Monde Interactif, 21.10.02. - 32 cours ont été mis en ligne ... d'ici à 2006-2007, ce sont tous les cours du MIT, soit environ 2 000, qui devraient être publiés en ligne ... le projet s'inspire directement du Free Software Movement. - imprimer
  • Palladium presentation Arnold G. Reinhold, e-mail, 21 October 2002. -
  • Logiciel Libre : la parole à un "militant", Interview de Bernard Choppy par Carine Niot, Indexel, 21/10/2002. - ... une bonne presentation, avec une ou deux erreurs (LGPL).
  • Election Officials Braced for Big Problems at the Polls, Katharine Q. Seelye and David E. Rosenbaum, The New York Times, October 28, 2002. - Other officials worry about security because the software is proprietary information kept by the vendor, so election officials are at the mercy of the vendors for their results. This situation also means a county has to keep using that same vendor for the lifetime of the machine. - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 m- print
  • Software idea may be just crazy enough to work, Dan Gillmor, The Mercury News, Oct. 20, 2002. - Kapor and his small team have been working on what they're calling an open-source "Interpersonal Information Manager." ... designed to securely handle personal e-mail, calendars, contacts and other such data in new ways, and to make it simple to collaborate and share information ... now overwhelmingly dominated by Microsoft's inelegant Outlook - print
  • Perspective: A Divine e-commerce "cashectomy" Charles Cooper, CNet News, October 18, 2002. - Because of a little-known but far-reaching patent for conducting electronic commerce, the Chicago-based enterprise services firm is in a unique position to squeeze lots of companies that have no idea they are violating the claim. The 20-page filing sketched out in some detail a shopping cart metaphor that subsequently became popular with electronic retailers - Divine patents in pdf - another article.
  • Washington State Congressman attempts to outlaw GPL NewsForge, October 23, 2002. - category: fools.
  • Jerome Lemelson and the Lemelson Foundation January 18, 2002. - Lemelson held at least 500 U.S. patents at the time of his death
  • La Xbox retirée du marché australien ? , François B. de la Boissière, 01net, 22/10/2002. - Le 26 juillet 2002, un tribunal fédéral australien déboutait Sony Computer en autorisant l'installation de processeurs additifs tiers dans la PlayStation 2. ... le juge estime légitime que les consommateurs puissent profiter de jeux achetés légalement dans d'autres pays. - print - Mod chips: Steve Ballmer sent sa Xbox menacée en Australie, David Becker, ZDNet France, 21/10/02.
  • Copyright C.P.U. - Creators, Proprietors & Users Harry Hillman Chartrand, Journal of Arts Management, Law & Society, Vol. 30, No. 3, Fall 2000. -
  • L'Etat doit adopter une politique du logiciel Le Monde Economie, 22 octobre 2002, page V. - l'Etat peut accélérer utilement des évolutions de marché en direction des logiciels open source. - imprimer
  • Computer Software and intellectual Property U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, March 1990. -
  • Just Like the Day They Died Christopher Lee, Washington Post, October 21, 2002; Page A23. - Most of the CyberCemetery's Web sites appear as they did on the day the agencies died. - print
  • Slowdown sending tech jobs overseas, Jennifer Bjorhus, Mercury News, Oct. 21, 2002. - no one knows how many engineering jobs the United States has lost because of the recent uptick in offshore outsourcing. ... no surprise people shun science in universities. - print
  • Can you trust your computer? Richard Stallman, NewsForge, 2002.10.21. - Who should your computer take its orders from? Most people think their computers should obey them, not obey someone else. - print - Pouvez-vous faire confiance à votre ordinateur ?
  • Patent Troubles Pending John Soat, InformationWeek, Oct 21, 2002. - Small companies say they're being sued for employing common practices for doing business on the Net
  • IBM flushes restroom patent , Troy Wolverton, CNET News, October 11, 2002. - - print - patent No. 6,329,919.
  • IBM Awarded Record Number of Patents in 2001, Erin Joyce, atnewyork.com, January 10, 2002. - 3,411 patents in 2001 - print
  • Web services group to expand its board Stephen Lawson, IDG News, October 17, 2002. - Web Services Interoperability Organization (WS-I): a group of more than 150 companies, formed in February to foster interoperability of Web services software from different companies. ... an e-mail message showed Bill Gates opposing any leading role for Sun in such a group. Sun is getting left behind on Web services as it tries to come up with a non-Microsoft approach to the technology. - print
  • Des mesures pour renforcer l'industrie française du logiciel Le Monde (Entreprises), 18 octobre 2002, page 19. - Cela veut dire favoriser l'émergence de standards ouverts, limiter la brevetabilité des logiciels qui aboutit à figer la position dominante de certaines sociétés (notamment Microsoft) et privilégier l'usage de logiciels libres (tels Linux). - imprimer
  • Économie du logiciel : Renforcer la dynamique française Rapport du groupe de travail présidé par Hugues Rougier, Commissariat général du Plan, 17 octobre 2002. - - rapport - communiqué de presse - expertise
  • Open source software Teknologira*det, Denmark, 1-10-2002. - report shows that there are major savings for the public administration in the use of open source software. The report is being translated (dennish) - report
  • Web Tool Combines Junk Mail, Pop-Ups Anick Jesdanun, AP news, October 20, 2002. - The new spam technique, first reported by Wired.com, represents the latest attempt to bypass the increasingly sophisticated e-mail spam filters
  • Is Linux Really Going To Rule the Desktop? Jay Lyman, NewsFactor Network, October 16, 2002. - Linux could begin capturing larger portions of the desktop market and could achieve as much as a 10 percent share in the next couple of years, according to analysts. - print
  • Sécurité : Les utilisateurs de Linux ne sont plus à l'abri Iain Thomson Iain Thomson, VNUnet. - - Honeymoon over for Linux users, Iain Thomson, VNUnet, 30-09-2002. - As open source software becomes increasingly popular it is being targeted by virus writers and proving to be at least as vulnerable as Microsoft. ... FUD for free. - print
  • Science Body Objects to Information Lock-Down Reuters, Yahoo! News, Oct 21, 2002. - Since the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks, the White House and federal agencies quietly have asked researchers to remove or block access to information that once was freely shared. - imprimer
  • Diffusion de musique sur le Net : la France fait de la résistance Geoffrey Bansard, 01net, 17/10/2002. - le blocage vient des artistes ou plus exactement des organismes de gestion des droits (l'Adami et la Spedidam) - imprimer
  • Are patent methods patently absurd? Declan McCullagh, CNET News, October 15, 2002. - Technology patents, especially those covering software and business methods, have drawn some of the most criticism - print - La politique américaine des brevets en pleine autocritique Declan Mc Cullagh, ZDnet. - James Rogan, directeur de l'USPTO, a admis mardi 15 octobre que bien des demandes déposées ont été accordées à tort
  • Compétence, expertise et citoyenneté, Jean-Michel Panoff, Le Monde (Horizons-Débats), page 15, 16 octobre 2002. - Paradoxalement, plus la nature d'une demande d'expertise de la part des gestionnaires institutionnels des risques colle au domaine de compétence scientifique et/ou technique de l'expert, plus on peut mettre en doute la capacité d'objectivité de ce dernier de par la nature financièrement compromettante des liens probables qu'il pourrait entretenir avec les responsables de la cause de la demande. ... et les autres ... par exemple les juristes ? - imprimer
  • FREE - ASSISTANCE - FAQ Free, visité le 17 actobre 2002. - Les extensions Front Page ne sont malheureusement pas disponibles. Nous n'avons pas les sources du produit et ne pouvons donc pas maîtriser les conséquences de son utilisation.
  • Should Patents be Granted for Computer Software or ways of Doing Business? Reply by Dominic Sweetman, Algorithmics Ltd. NO
  • UnitedLinux developing a desktop, Matthew Broersma, ZDNet (UK), October 15, 2002. - Each will offer at least two CDs, with one containing the identical operating system software and others including the add-ons. - print
  • Open source closes in on Microsoft, Joe Wilcox , Alorie Gilbert and Mike Ricciuti , ZDNet , October 14, 2002. - The question is, did Microsoft act too late? Recent moves, however, have begun to strengthen Linux's appeal in desktop PCs when combined with open-source alternatives to Microsoft's Office, such as Sun Microsystem's StarOffice. - print
  • Corel Wins Market Share from Microsoft Office James Maguire, NewsFactor Network, October 16, 2002. - In a typical year, the company sells approximately 250,000 copies of WordPerfect at the retail level. In contrast, Microsoft has estimated that its Office suite has 300 million users worldwide. The software giant holds a 94 percent share in the office productivity market. ... given that MS owns Corel Stocks, and that Corel products are hence no longer made for Linux, one wonders whether the target is MS office or StarOffice. - print
  • Microsoft extends a helping hand , Joe Wilcox, CNET News, October 15, 2002. - Microsoft products will be supported for five years. Under Microsoft's older policy, the company only needed to give customers six months' notice before dropping support. Microsoft will stopping offering standard support for Office 2000 in June 2004. - print
  • Mémoire en marketing sur le marché du système d'exploitation GNU/Linux, Antoine Brisset, Rapport de fin d'études à l'IAE de Paris, CEA Saclay/DRN/DMT/SEMT/LAMS, 1999/02/03. -
  • Electronic books: their definition, usage and role in libraries Susan K. Sawyer, LIBRES, Volume 12, Issue 2, September, 2002, ISSN 1058-6768. -
  • Pest Control Charles Bermant, in Businnes 2.0, janvier 1999. - analyse par Marion Chappaz.
  • Why Human Rights Requires Free Software, Andy Oram, O'Reilly Network, 10/11/2002. - Free software represents the values of community and peer review that scientists depend on. ... Patrick finds the costs of proprietary software offensive. "It widens the imbalance between the rich and poor regions of the world," he says. Even worse, "It concentrates power in the hands of software owners." The organizations that can afford the tools to collect and process data get to set the agenda. - 2 - print
  • Steve Ballmer: Caught in .Net, ZDNet, October 14, 2002. - Ballmer: "Linux is not coming to companies on the desktop, not in any significant way. I don't think that's really happening. On the server, I might agree with you." ... whatever the interpretation of his argument, it is damning him. - print
  • OpenOffice.org History and Milestones visited on 2002-10-13. - More than 8.5 Million downloads - Over 70,000 registered members - More than 30 projects and sub-projects - Over one hundred developers and contributors
  • A mortal Microsoft Mike Ricciuti, Alorie Gilbert and Joe Wilcox, CNET New, October 14, 2002. - The technology recession, strategic miscalculations and general wariness following the Justice Department's four-year antitrust case have resulted in a psychological shift against Microsoft throughout the industry. - print - all in pdf
  • Clash of Internet Privacy Policies, Bob Tedeschi, The New York Times, ctober 14, 2002. - Microsoft can just change its standards down the line. Why should that be up to Microsoft? - print
  • FCC Rejects EchoStar-DirecTV Merger Jay Wrolstad, eCormmerce Times, October 11, 2002. - The FCC said the companies did not demonstrate that approval of the transaction would serve the public interest - print
  • « Le libre mérite mieux que ces licences approximatives » Aegir, LinuxFrench.Net, 6 octobre 2002. - Le « libre » mérite mieux que ces licences approximatives, qui devraient donc être modifiées avant que les litiges les concernant ne se multiplient et viennent remettre en cause l'indéniable originalité de cette démarche.
  • Copyright extension law challenged Bill Hillburg, Oakland Tribune, October 10, 2002. - "I can find a lot of fault with what Congress did," said Justice Sandra Day O'Connor. "This flies directly in the face of what the framers of the Constitution had in mind. But is it unconstitutional?" - print
  • Music Industry in Global Fight on Web Copies Amy Harmon, The New York Times, October 7, 2002. - The Sharman case may well raise again the unsettled question of whether Internet companies should be forced to adhere to the laws of every country whose citizens have access to their Web sites. - print
  • What does the Internet look like? The Economist, Oct 3rd 2002. - most software changes make no difference to the rate at which a virus spreads - print
  • E-mail makes surfers emotional, BBC News, 6 October, 2002. - a poorly presented newsletter will have a more damaging impact on the relationship than would a bad website
  • Virus - La carte de la diversité pour mieux résister Claude Leblanc, Courrier international, 28 septembre 2001. - L'important est de favoriser la diversité
  • Web wars Andrew Leonard, Salon, June 18, 1999. - - 2
  • Mozilla dreams, Andrew Leonard, Salon, Feb. 10, 2000. - A great deal depends on the success or failure of the open-source Mozilla Web browser project, Netscape's bold attempt to tap the power of the free-software movement. - print
  • Mozilla's revenge Andrew Leonard, Salon, March 12, 2002. - But is Mozilla really good enough to give IE a run for the money? The last time I tried it, a year and a half ago, it was so buggy, slow and lacking in features that I gave up in disgust after a week of software pain. ... I can say that Mozilla has already become my default browser and that it is as fast and slick and full-featured as I want. - 2 - print
  • Incorrigible Microsoft Claude Leblanc, Courrier international, 26 octobre 2001. - des milliers d'usagers se sont vu refuser l'accès au site MSN.com, car ils ne possédaient pas le bon navigateur [...] Au-delà de ce nouvel incident, c'est l'ensemble de la stratégie de Bill Gates vis-à-vis d'Internet qui doit être analysée avec la plus grande attention.
  • Mozilla, ultime espoir pour contrer Microsoft Farhad Manjoo, Courrier International, 10/10/2002, Numero 623, p. 59. - Les spécialistes notent d'ailleurs qu'Internet Explorer n'évolue plus. Microsoft n'a aucune raison d'apporter des changements radicaux à son logiciel de navigation. Le produit ne lui rapporte pas d'argent et il bénéficie déjà d'un succès écrasant. ... David Boswell: "Mozilla n'est plus simplement un navigateur libre. C'est la base d'un environnement de création d'applications multi-plates-formes sur le web". - traduction de l'article de Salon.
  • Mozilla rising Farhad Manjoo, Salon, Sept. 10, 2002. - For years, people have warned that when Microsoft took over the browser market, browsers would atrophy from a lack of competition. Now they say they've been proved right -- I.E. is not changing. ... Microsoft has no reason to radically change Internet Explorer. The product doesn't make the company any money, and it's already overwhelmingly popular. ... David Boswell: "Mozilla no longer is simply an open-source browser. It's a framework for cross-platform apps across the Web." - 2 - print
  • Students' file sharing overloads college networks, AP, CNN, October 10, 2002. - Last year, she downloaded up to three tunes a day onto her laptop: This semester, Peterson has yet to record a single song.
  • Higher-Education Organizations Urge a Crackdown on Illegal File Sharing, Vincent Kiernan, The Chronicle of Higher Education, October 10, 2002. - the letter does not recommend any specific action, such as using technology to limit the amount of downloads, as some colleges have done. ... so, who said nothing can be done to stop illegal copying, short of Palladium ?
  • In the High-Tech Sector, Optimism Is Just a Faded Memory, John Markoff, The New York Times, October 16, 2002. - Hollywood executives criticized the technology industries for their lax adherence to intellectual property protection and copyright issues in the digital era. That evoked a response that the entertainment industry's unwillingness to explore new business models was primarily responsible for the industry's lack of growth. "We're in a real technology gridlock, ... All of the entrenched industries are attempting to protect their positions so that ... we're stuck." ... looks like IP is not helping. - print
  • Call for "Standard" Approach Intellectual Property Rights Takes Center Stage at The Open Group "All-User" Web Services Conference Press Release, July 23, 2002. - when vendors engage in standards development, they "step into a looking glass world." ... "patents are impediments rather than tools, royalties are unwanted encumbrances, licenses exist for the sole purpose of disclaiming rights, and finally, competitors should be welcomed as partners."
  • Percy Schmeisser un rebelle contre les OGM Hervé Kempf, Le Monde, 17 octobre 2002. - Le jugement est extraordinaire : il signifie qu'un agriculteur enfreint le brevet de toute compagnie produisant des semences OGM dès lors que son champ est contaminé par des plantes transgéniques. - imprimer
  • West Yorks Police pilots Linux desktops, Peter Williams, VNUnet, 16-10-2002. - The force is working with Netproject, which is looking at issues associated with migration to desktop Linux PCs for the UK Police IT Organisation (Pito). ... 3,500 desktops and estimates a possible saving of £1m per annum ... the real prize in prospect is the deployment of secure open source desktops across police forces in England and Wales, representing about 60,000 PCs. - print - previous announcement
  • Linux fait craquer la Xbox François B. de la Boissière, 01net, 10/10/2002. - Une fois équipée d'un modchip, la Xbox passe outre aux codes régionaux des jeux, transforme la console en lecteur DVD multizone, autorise l'utilisation de jeux Xbox copiés, et permet même des modifications aussi radicales que le changement de disque dur ou la mise à jour du Bios de la console. - imprimer
  • Guerrilla Warfare, Waged With Code, JENNIFER 8. LEE, The New York Times, October 10, 2002. - They are developing technologies not for commercial purposes, but for political purposes. - print
  • Sun Linux PCs--it might just work, Larry Seltzer, Tech Update, October 7, 2002. - It's strictly enterprise-focused and it's from a real and respectable company. - print
  • A Bid to Overcome Patent Backlogs, Sabra Chartrand, The New York Times, September 23, 2002. - It typically takes a year before an inventor hears a first response to an application, and then an average of slightly over two years before a patent is issued (and there are warnings that this will soon stretch out to three). And there have been increasingly frequent complaints about the quality of the patents themselves and doubts about the skills of the patent examiners. ... growing backlog of more than 400,000 pending applications ... due to the increasing complexity of applications (Some are accompanied by CD-ROM's containing millions of pages of data). - print
  • Formats de fichiers : attention danger ! Thierry STOEHR, rése@ux.74, Le format idéal serait un format connu, échangeable et lisible par tous, garantissant la mise en page de la version imprimée. De plus, ce format devrait permettre de générer d'autres formats comme le HTML, le RTF ou le PDF, sans autre saisie. Ce format existe ... - 2 - pdf 1 et 2
  • Appelez moi Georges - Réflexions d'été sur l'anonymat et notions connexes, Tiresias, Uzine, 18 août 2002. - Ni prescription, ni oubli, ni rectification, ni contextualisation, ni débat, ni intimité, à l'échelle planétaire et à perpète
  • Does StarOffice shine for the enterprise?, Steve Kleynhans, META Group, ZDNet, September 17, 2002. - the best approach is to more closely match the version of the product to the users' needs ... plan to upgrade less frequently. ... but the study ignores the impact of the monopoly situation on Microsoft policies, as well as the impact of not having public standards, implying a future MS control overs the entire information system. - 2 - print
  • US-Japan Cooperation on Patents: Comments on Konno Article, James Zumwalt, GLOCOM Platform, 9/6/'02. - our courts look to see if an invention has a practical application having a "useful, concrete and tangible result" in order to determine whether it is eligible for patenting. ... and screw the US constitution whenever given a chance.
  • Disagreement with "American Standard" for Patent Business, Hiroshi Konno, Chuo University (Japan), GLOCOM Platform, gust 06, 2002, translation from te July 9, 2002 issue of "Economist" It would be foolish to abandon a sovereign right in exchange for savings in time and costs for patent examination. - Rejoinder to Mr. Zumwalt and Mr. Yamada on Patents
  • New bills aim to protect consumers' use of digital media Heather Fleming Phillips, Mercury News, Oct. 01, 2002. - The bills also would amend a 1998 law, the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, that makes it a crime to circumvent technological protections built in to copyrighted works. Instead, consumers would be allowed to bypass the technology if the intent is to make a copy for personal use. - print
  • Lawrence Lessig's Supreme Showdown Steven Levy, Wired, Oct 2002
  • The "Dinosaurs" Are Taking Over Lawrence Lessig, Business Week, May 13, 2002. - As we move from narrowband to broadband [access to the Net], broadband operators are developing technology that gives them control over applications and content on the network.
  • A Case to Define the Digital Age, Jane Black, Business Week, September 27, 2002. - A Supreme Court ruling on a 20-year extension of copyright protection could decide much of what Web surfers get to see, hear, and share -
  • A Bid to Overcome Patent Backlogs SABRA CHARTRAND, The New York Times Company, September 23, 2002. - We want to run this place like a business in every single way except one: profit [cheap lie] ... We want our customers to tell us what they need from us. ... but the customer is the tax payer, not the inventors. - print
  • Assessing the risks of open source Thomas Murphy, ZDNet, September 13, 2002. - Because the use of open source will become nearly unavoidable, it is important to develop a set of policies around code acceptance and use. - print - 2 Source code security - 3 The value of open source - print all
  • Free/Libre and Open Source Software: Survey and Study (FLOSS) - report - Executive Summary
  • Matisse et Picasso cryptés et protégés par la RMN Laetitia Sellam, Le Monde Interactif, 20.09.02. - imbaisable. - imprimer
  • La téléphonie en open source entre en scène Francisco Villacampa, Décision Micro, 10/09/2002. - La plate-forme Bayonne pourrait être à la téléphonie d'entreprise ce que Linux est au système d'exploitationpour ordinateurs. - imprimer
  • Stamp out technology virginity Espen Andersen, Ubiquity, Vol. 3, Issue 30, September 17-23, 2002. - they tend to learn how to use these tools not from an understanding of what the tool can do and how they can apply it to everyday use, but rather by memorizing a list of mouse movements and button pushes. ... hence Microsoft.
  • Sun Microsystems signe un accord avec l'éducation nationale française AFP, 17 septembre 2002. - Les principaux accords ont été signés avec l'AFUL, Alcatel, ... cet accord permet notamment d'éviter le monopole de facto de Microsoft sur ce type d'équipement et de promouvoir l'utilisation des logiciels libres de droits, très utilisés dans le monde universitaire. - imprimer
  • Les pirates du génome Yves Eudes, Le Monde, 18.09.02. - des bio-informaticiens rebelles conçoivent et diffusent gratuitement sur Internet des données scientifiques permettant au grand public de faire des manipulations génétiques. ... Espérons que les généticiens sauvages seront moins irresponsables que ceux qui travaillent dans les multinationale - imprimer
  • Analysts rate Linux desktop chances ZDNet, August 22, 2002. - - print
  • - 2. Microsoft Office still a barrier to Linux adoption Stacey Quandt, GIGA, August 22, 2002. - ... interoperability with Microsoft Office remains a barrier to corporate adoption. ... Companies interested in evaluating StarOffice 6.0 should first adopt a co-existence strategy, not a replacement strategy, and if possible, start pilot programs on Linux desktop deployments. ... no, just try StarOffice on Windows. - print
  • - 3. Linux on the desktop: Where's the ROI? Andrew Silver, Gartner, August 22, 2002. - Many enterprises find that the number of applications they need to support is roughly equal to 10 percent of their user base. print
  • PhotoPoint parent shutters operations Gwendolyn Mariano, Cnet, January 7, 2002. - The shutdown left some 1.25 million PhotoPoint members in the dark about the status of their accounts and personal files, offering a cautionary tale of the evanescent nature of business in cyberspace. - print
  • Les obstacles à la diffusion des logiciels libres Nicolas Loquet, OUVATON, 12 septembre 2002. - ... obstacles psychologiques et, à défaut de termes plus adaptés pour les qualifier, institutionnels ou liés à des conflits d'intérêts. - autre site
  • Number of US patent applications set to drop Peronet Despeignes, Financial Times, September 9, 2002. - ... economists had established a "close", if unstable, link between research and development spending, patent applications and productivity.
  • Microsoft Finds Security Flaw in Word Software AP, September 12, 2002. - The issue appears to affect all versions of Microsoft Word. ... an attacker would have to know the exact file name to be stolen and its location.
  • Patently problematic The Economist, Sep 12th 2002. - An important new study shows the promise, and pitfalls, of intellectual-property rights for the poor - print
  • Intellectual property rights 'harm poor' Alex Kirby, BBC News, 12 September, 2002. - Commission on Intellectual Property Rights (CIPR) in the case of developing countries, more and stronger protection is not necessarily better ... In order that software can be adapted to local needs, developing countries should ensure that their national copyright laws permit the reverse engineering of computer software programmes, in ways that are consistent with relevant international treaties which they have signed. - report (pdf files) and documents
  • Le monopole de Microsoft Office menacé Ludovic Arbelet et Stéphane Parpinelli, 01 Informatique, 12/09/2002. - Gartner Group estime quén 2004 le logiciel applicatif le plus utilisé au monde pourrait perdre 10 % de parts de marché au profit de Star Office - les Français s'opposent à la nouvelle tarification - imprimer
  • Linux makes a run for government Robert Lemos, CNET News, August 16, 2002. - the initiative would lead to a single, standard version of Linux acceptable to the government, and hence make it easier for Linux companies to compete against Microsoft and other large software makers. - print
  • Can the scientific journals market be made to work better ? Office of Fair Trading, 9 September 2002. - - report
  • Universités américaines - Tour d'Ivoire For Sale ? ADIT - Technologies Internationales Numéro 87, septembre 2002. - Novartis gagne un droit de regard sur les projets de recherche et aura la priorité sur les découvertes potentielles.
  • Affaire Oracle: la Californie a été «escroquée», accuse un parlementaire, Alorie Gilbert, CNET News, 15 mai 2002. - procédures d'appels d'offres: La règle veut en principe que les organes fédéraux suivent cette procédure afin de trouver l'offre la plus avantageuse. Mais certains contrats échappent à cette règle, c'est le cas des achats de produits informatiques. - print
  • Les éditeurs de musique renforcent leur lutte contre le piratage Stéphane Foucart et Guillaume Fraissard, Le Monde, 11 septembre 2002. - il est illusoire de vouloir poursuivre en justice plusieurs millions de personnes ... ah bon ! - imprimer
  • Les majors du disque et du cinéma veulent en finir avec Kazaa, Morpheus et Grokster, John Borland, CNET News.com, et Estelle Dumout, CNET News, Morpheus a de nombreux usages légaux et ne peut être fermé uniquement à cause des internautes qui en profitent pour s'échanger des fichiers illégaux - print
  • Microsoft Seeks Industry-Wide Collaboration for "Palladium" Initiative, Interview of John Manderferdelli, General Manager, Microsoft "Palladium" Business Unit, July 1, 2002. - Everything people are doing with Windows today can be done on the Palladium computer of tomorrow. ... the whole point is to prevent them from doing it without Windows.
  • Damn the Constitution: Europe must take back the Web, Bill Thompson, The Register, 09/08/2002. - We need to build our borders online and offer our citizens protection within those borders, and escape from America.
  • TCPA / Palladium Frequently Asked Questions (version 1.0) Ross Anderson, visited on September 10, 2002. - ... Big Brother wants to watch you. see also his Campaign for Cambridge Freedoms about research and ownership of intellectual creation.
  • Balancing Linux and Microsoft Steve Lohr, The New York Times, September 9, 2002. - The software-choice group sees a threat in what it has identified as 66 legislative proposals, government statements and studies promoting open-source software in 25 countries. Mr. Perens initiative, called Sincere Choice, has its own Web site (www.sincerechoice.org) - print
  • La clef de voûte, Bernard Lang, Progiciel-Expert, N° 17 en date du 01 juillet 2002, page 24. MS Office est la clef de voûte d'une stratégie de domination.
  • Exploiting design flaws in the Win32 API for privilege escalation. Foon (Chris Paget), 23 August, 2002. - reply by Microsoft (sept 2002) and references - and update: Shatter attacks - more techniques, more detail, more juicy goodness, september 5, 2002.
  • Lead Windows developer bugged by security, Matt Berger, InfoWorld, September 5, 2002. - "I'm not proud," Valentine said, as he spoke to a crowd of developers here at the company's Windows .Net Server developer conference. "We really haven't done everything we could to protect our customers ... Our products just aren't engineered for security." print
  • Droits d'auteur à l'heure numérique Nidam Abdi, Libration, 9 septembre 2002. - « Ainsi la rémunération pour copie privée ne devrait pas en principe permettre sans la volonté des auteurs la représentation d'une oeuvre même dans un cadre privé». - imprimer - commentaire d'Hervé Le Crosnier et de Bernard Lang
  • L'Organisation mondiale de la propriété intellectuelle recense les savoirs traditionnels, Martine Laronche, Le Monde Economie, 03.09.02. - L'objectif était d'obliger les demandeurs de brevets à faire connaître l'origine des ressources génétiques éventuellement utilisées dans le développement de ces inventions et l'autorisation des communautés locales en cas d'utilisation de leurs savoirs traditionnels. Cette proposition avait été rejetée par l'Union européenne, les Etats-Unis, la Suisse et le Japon. - imprimer
  • An Alternative to Microsoft Gains Support in High Places, Steve Lohr, The New York Times, September 5, 2002. - Governments around the world, afraid that Microsoft has become too powerful in critical software markets, have begun working to ensure an alternative. Microsoft is backing an industry group called the Initiative for SoftwareChoice. The group lists 20 members - besides the chip maker Intel, a close ally, most of them small foreign companies or organizations. - print
  • IBM signs Linux deal with Germany, BBC News, 3 June, 2002. - Germany's Interior Minister, Otto Schilly, said the move would help cut costs and improve security in the nation's computer networks.
  • Java Media Framework API, Sun Microsystems JMF 2.1.1b Available, 29-Aug-02: ... removes the MP3 encoder and decoder. If and when licensing issues can be resolved, we plan to return MP3 functionality back to JMF.
  • New MP3 License Terms Demand $0.75 Per Decoder, Slashdot, August 27, 2002. - see mp3licensing
  • Sun seeks many Davids for MS Office fight ComputerWire, The Register, 02/09/2002. - Microsoft's support XML does not necessarily enable greater interoperability between Office and other suites because Microsoft retains the power to alter its own data formats.
  • Making the Openoffice.org file format the standard Ryan Leduc, NewsForge, August 30, 2002. - The first step in breaking the Microsoft Office monopoly is to replace the Office file formats as the de facto file interchange standard. - print
  • Les Etats résistent à la progression des groupes multinationaux Christophe Jakubyszyn, Le Monde, 22 août 2002. - ... encore heureux ! - imprimer
  • Internet a-t-il une mémoire ? Emmanuel Hoog, Le Monde, p. 1 et ??, 17 août 2002. - - imprimer
  • Will Real feast where Apple failed? Paul Festa, CNET News, July 30, 2002. - ... RealNetwork is opening its code - print
  • Security warning draws DMCA threat, Declan McCullagh, CNET News, July 30, 2002. - Hewlett Packard has found a new club to use to pound researchers who unearth flaws in the company's software: the Digital Millennium Copyright Act. - print
  • Patent Claim Strikes an Electronics Nerve, John Markoff, The New York Times, July 26, 2002. - JPEG - print
  • Competition and Intellectual Property Law and Policy in the Knowledge-Based Economy, Public Hearings, Federal Trade Commission and Department of Justice, 2002. - The hearings will focus primarily on the implications of antitrust and patent law and policy for innovation and other aspects of consumer welfare. - see also Public Comments
  • Souriez, les gardiens du copyright préparent une loi pour contrôler votre ordinateur, Declan Mc Cullagh, CNET News, 24 juillet 2002. - Les majors pourraient se livrer à des intrusions informatiques furtives sur des ordinateurs de particuliers comme d'entreprises, sans aucun garde-fou dès lors qu'ils estiment «de façon sensée» que des machines sont utilisées pour des échanges illicites ... - imprimer - in english and the bill as proposed.
  • Gestion des droits numériques (DRM)
  • JPEG Patent Claim Sparks Concern Joanna Glasner, Wired News, July 19, 2002. - Forgent waited until JPEG became an industry standard before asserting its patent rights. - print
  • Publisher Perish, Nicholas Thompson, The Washington Monthly, October 2001. - "Traditional publishers are useful and there's a role for them. What's obsolete is the way they're doing business."
  • May the Source Be With You, Nicholas Thompson, The Washington Monthly, July/August 2002. - Indeed, nearly three-fourths of the geneticists surveyed said that a lack of sharing had slowed progress in the their field. Info-hoarding may help explain at least part of the decline in pharmaceutical innovation. ... open-source biology: Nearly 500 scientists worldwide have already lined up to design descriptive Web pages for molecules key to the inner workings of cells. ... similar open collaborations will grow in biology because of the rapidly increasing scale and complexity of the discipline's upcoming challenges. (Bayh-Dole). - for many references on this topic see snowdeal.org.
  • Le prix du Mpeg-4 pour les diffuseurs Internet enfin fixé, Antonin Billet, 01net, 17/07/2002. - Seuls les sites Web faisant payer aux internautes le téléchargement des flux Mpeg-4 doivent s'acquitter de frais de licence. - imprimer
  • Des constructeurs tout puissants Florent Latrive, Libération, 19 juillet 2002. - «Les constructeurs automobiles rendent difficile l'accès des réparateurs indépendants aux informations techniques», concluait un rapport de la Commission européenne en décembre 2000. ... le sénateur démocrate Paul Wellstoneune a introduit une proposition de loi au Sénat pour forcer les General Motors et autres Ford à rendre publics tous les codes secrets permettant de réparer une voiture, au nom du «droit à l'information». ... cf Palladium et TCPA.
  • Windows Media 9, deux fois plus efficace que le MP3, Stéphane Long, 01net. 16/07/2002. - le « player » sera disponible gratuitement sur le Web et pour différents systèmes d'exploitation (Windows XP et 2000, entre autres) ... et encore un nouvel effet de reseau pour bloquer la concurrence ! - imprimer
  • ACLU says cable could close Internet, Cara Garretson, IDG News Service, 07/10/02. - ACLU wants the FCC to force cable operators to act more like telephone operators and provide open access to their networks.
  • L'industrie de la 3D perturbée par des questions de brevets Matthew Broersma, ZDNet UK et Christophe Guillemin, ZDNet France, 12 juillet 2002. - Une situation qui en soi soulève plusieurs questions: si SGI ou une autre société a contribué à l'OpenGL en acceptant de mettre de côté ses droits de propriété intellectuelle, peut-elle alors céder ces derniers à Microsoft, qui peut ensuite les revendiquer? - imprimer
  • Brevets: Palm et Handspring gagnent une manche contre NCR Margaret Kane, CNET News.com, 15 juillet 2002. - La plainte faisait référence à des brevets de NCR concernant des appareils portatifs utilisés comme terminaux de paiement. Ce que les PDA de Palm et de Handspring sont en mesure d'offrir, une fois connectés à l'internet via un téléphone ou un modem ad hoc. ... un exemple typique du principe d'équivalence matériel-logiciel, pourtant ? - imprimer
  • Les logiciels libres IBM-Suse choisis pour évincer Microsoft en Allemagne, Estelle Dumout, ZDNet France, 5 juin 2002. - «Éviter la monoculture» - imprimer
  • En Norvège le gouvernement claque la porte au nez de Microsoft, Matthew Broersma, ZDNet UK, 16 juillet 2002. - La Norvège n'est pas le seul pays ... Dans l'industrie, beaucoup de personnes estiment qu'il serait plus avantageux pour les systèmes informatiques des gouvernements d'opter pour le secteur des logiciels libres, en choisissant les systèmes d'exploitation en licence GPL, et des applications telles que OpenOffice.org - imprimer
  • Les communes prennent leur haut débit en main, Thierry Del Jésus et Alain Steinmann, Le Nouvel Hebdo, 16/07/2002. - Pour pallier la frilosité des opérateurs, les collectivités locales se chargent elles-mêmes de constituer leur équipement grande vitesse. Elles s'appuient sur les MAN, réseaux métropolitains peu gourmands en investissements. - imprimer
  • Talks Weigh Big Project on Wireless Internet Link, John Markoff, The New York Times, July 16, 2002. - The rapid emergence of the 802.11 standard has been a remarkable phenomenon that has so far been unplanned and moved forward largely without the backing of major corporate service providers. The standard, however, has quickly gained a large following of small companies and hobbyists who have extended it to cover "hot spots" in urban neighborhoods. ... as often, innovation comes from the users. - print
  • Stratégie du brevet d'invention, Francis Grignon, Rapport d'information 377 (2000-2001) - Commission des Affaires Economiques, Sénat. - html - pdf
  • Jour J -2 pour le nouveau règlement européen autoactu.com, 15/07/2002. - Reparateurs: - Les concessionnaires ou les garages franchisés auront la liberté de se fournir en pièces de rechange de qualité équivalente chez qui ils veulent, sans passer par le constructeur. - Les constructeurs automobiles auront l'obligation de fournir les informations techniques nécessaires aux réparateurs indépendants. - Les constructeurs n'auront plus le monopole des "pièces détachées d'origine" - imprimer
  • Bill seeks to make car computer codes public, AP, USA Today, 06/13/2002. - The Wellstone bill would mandate that manufacturers disclose information needed to diagnose and repair an automobile to the owner, a repair facility and the Federal Trade Commission.
  • The Strange Case of the Disappearing Open Source Vendors, Tim O'Reilly, O'Reilly Network, 06/28/2002. - "Just because there's no vendor behind software, it doesn't mean it isn't important". Open source is ultimately about empowering users, not vendors. Raymond: "at least 19 in 20 of the salaries offered are being funded strictly by use value." ... is there another industry where most of the activity is done by users (or indirectly service companies) rather than specialised vendors. - 2 - print - The Clothesline Paradox, June 30 2002, if you only measure the software that is sold, you miss a great deal of the market.
  • Computer for the Poor Stymied AP, The New York Times, July 12, 2002. - Manohar said potential financial backers have shown little interest in providing the funds needed to develop different versions of the Simputer to suit specific needs - print
  • Privacy Groups Fight for Chat Room Rights, Stephen Chiger, PC World, July 12, 2002. - corporations and individuals are able to curb online speech simply by issuing subpoenas against anyone they want to identify or just scare off--a process critics call "cyberSLAPP" litigation. (SLAPP stands for Strategic Lawsuits Against Public Participation.) ... many small ISPs comply with these information requests, often handing over a person's identities without notifying the users, and without giving the chat room a chance to protect itself in court. - print
  • Social, fiscalité, droit... : le Club Sénat.fr au secours de la Net Economie, JDNet, 16 juillet 2002. - rapport intitulé: "Comment favoriser le développement des entreprises de la Net Economie?" :«... il conviendrait d'inscrire la protection par brevet des logiciels dans un chapitre spécial du code de la protection industrielle.» ... voir comment ces propositions pourraient s'intégrer dans les futurs travaux du gouvernement. Il est intéressant de noter que, présidé par Christian Poncelet, le Club.sénat.fr est parrainé par Microsoft dont le logo apparaît en bonne place au dessus de celui du Sénat. Curieux mélange: ce qui est inadmissible pour l'administration serait-il acceptable pour un élu ? L'invitation de Thierry Breton (Thomson Multimedia) le 15 mai a peut-être un rapport. - imprimer - voir aussi da Code
  • Peru's president to meet with Gates Reuters, Cnet, July 12, 2002. - President Alejandro Toledo will travel to Seattle for talks with Microsoft during which he will sign accords to support his Huascaran Internet-for-schools project. ... It is to be noted that it is the president of Perou who travels to Microsoft, as a vassal to his Lord. - print
  • Norway cancels Microsoft contract, Matthew Broersma, ZDNet (UK), July 15, 2002. - Norwegian government has cancelled an exclusive software contract with Microsoft, saying that greater competition would deliver better, less costly solutions. - print - see also InfoWorld (print)
  • Report: Linux hack attacks on the rise, Matthew Broersma, ZDNet (UK), July 15, 2002. - Hackers are increasingly targeting Web servers based on the Linux operating system, while the number of successful attacks on Windows systems decreases - print
  • Pirates of the Web Jennifer 8. Lee, The New York Times, July 11, 2002. - In contrast to petty criminals and warring gangs, Internet piracy groups have a worldwide impact of at least tens of millions of dollars. While such groups rarely profit financially, their warez proliferate rapidly around the world, reaching those who do sell them for gain - 2 - print
  • M-o-o-t, l'informatique pour paranoïaque, Ludovic Nachury, 01net, 05/06/2002. - Il devient ainsi impossible, en regardant les fichiers, de savoir lequel contient des données cryptées. - imprimer
  • Le Royaume-Uni veut « administrer » la vie privée des internautes, Philippe Crouzillacq, 01net, 13/06/2002. - Avec le nouveau texte, c'est la quasi-totalité de l'appareil administratif britannique qui pourra désormais s'adonner à cette activité. ... fascime pour les particuliers ... mais rien contre les paradis fiscaux. Le socialisme de Blair est de plus en plus national. - imprimer
  • La FIL : pour que les libertés ne deviennent pas virtuelles, Philippe Crouzillacq, 01net, 09/07/2002. - Fédération informatique et libertés (FIL), une structure paneuropéenne de défense des libertés publiques et individuelles face aux dérives législatives de l'ère numérique. - imprimer
  • L'innovation, nerf de la guerre, Annie Kahn, Le Monde, 9 juillet 2002. - The free-market innovation machine, de William J. Baumol (Princeton University Press, 2002, 318 p., 46,28 EUR ) : les entreprises ont globalement plus intérêt à favoriser la plus grande utilisation par d'autres de leurs découvertes. Cette diffusion agit comme un coefficient multiplicateur. Elle amplifie notablement la contribution de l'innovation à la croissance. - imprimer
  • La réforme dont la Maison Blanche ne veut pas entendre parler, Eric Leser, Le Monde (Entreprises - Rémunérations), p. 15, 13 juillet 2002. - Mais si les entreprises américaines avaient dû comptabiliser le vrai coût des stock-options, elles auraient annoncé ces dernières années des bénéfices plus faibles (22% pour le SP500, soit une baisse de 66% à 26% de Viacom, Lucent, Pharmacia ou Cisco). ... Prof. Robert Brenner (The Boom and the Bubble) : "Grâce à ce système pervers, des groupes comme Microsoft et Cisco n'ont pas payé de taxe sur les sociétés en 2000" - ... an often repeated argument of Microsoft against free software is that the taxes payed by software companies finance the state and public spendings, but that does not include Microsoft. imprimer
  • Le pollen du colza peut essaimer sur plusieurs kilomètres, Hervé Morin, Le Monde, 5 juillet 2002. - Dans les champs voisins du colza résistant, le pourcentage maximal de croisements constatés était de 0,2 %. Des grains de pollen pouvaient essaimer jusqu'à 3 km : 0,002 % des graines. ... c'est oublier les effets cumulatifs sur plusieurs années, et la selection naturelle.
  • Le brevet, un outil de financement pour la biotechnologie, Antoine Reverchon, Le Monde, 29 janvier 2002. - "Si on ne rémunère pas l'innovation, il y a moins d'innovation", note, réaliste, Noëlle Lenoir ... "Si l'Allemagne est devenue leader sur les biotechnologies en Europe, c'est parce que d'importants financements publics y ont été consacrés." ... John Barton a calculé que le nombre d'avocats et les budgets consacrés à la défense des brevets croissaient aux Etats-Unis plus vite que celui des chercheurs et des budgets de recherche ! - imprimer
  • New Chips Can Keep a Tight Rein on Consumers, Hal R. Varian, The New York Times, July 4, 2002. - But Palladium can also be used for digital-rights management on your PC. This means that only certified programs could be run, and only certified content could be displayed. (TCPA)- print
  • L'industrie développe un coprocesseur pour sécuriser les PC, Renaud Bonnet, Décision Micro, 07/09/2000. - La Trusted Computing Platform Alliance annonce sa première spécification. Elle doit améliorer la sécurité et la protection de la confidentialité sur les PC. - imprimer
  • Cet octet ne vous appartient pas, Renaud Bonnet, 01net, 04/07/2002. - Selon TCPA, un intervenant extérieur nommé serveur de droits décide de ce qui est autorisé ou pas sur votre machine. En démarrant un matin, vous pouvez très bien apprendre qu'une partie des fonctions de votre machine a été désactivée pour une obscure question de propriété intellectuelle opposant deux éditeurs. - imprimer
  • We're Broke: The Economics of a Web Community, Rusty, Kuro5hin, Jun 17th, 2002. - Media is an excuse for presenting advertising.
  • Software Subscriptions: A Bad Idea Whose Time Has Come, David Pogue, The New York Times, June 20, 2002. - - print
  • Variations on an Office With Windows, David Pogue, The New York Times, June 20, 2002. - Most Mac fans will find happiness with Office v. X - print
  • The Office Software That Roared, David Pogue, The New York Times, June 20, 2002. - OpenOffice couldn't resemble Microsoft Office more if you ran it through a photocopier. The big question is compatibility. In general, OpenOffice scores very well here. OpenOffice improves on Microsoft in a number of areas. For these people and anyone else who's minding the bottom lin.e - print - Desafían a Microsoft: llega un software gratuito que podría desplazar al Office, Traducción de Claudia Martínez, Clarín.com.
  • Offshore Intangibles - Risks and Rewards (Part 1), David Hardesty, May 21, 2000. - The idea is to have a corporation located in a low-tax, or no-tax, country acquire intangible assets, and to earn fee income from use of these assets. - part 2
  • Developing Technology Offshore With Cost Sharing Arrangements, David Hardesty, EcommerceTax, July 1, 2001. -
  • Greed unlimited: patenting tax evasion, crime and the law, Lennart Benschop, may 2, 2000. - Alas the concept of tax evasion is not patentable due to prior art.
  • The Supreme Court and Patents, Sabra Chartrand, The New York Times, June 3, 2002. - "While the patentee has the right to appeal, his decision to forgo an appeal and submit an amended claim is taken as a concession that the invention as patented does not reach as far as the original claim," Justice Kennedy wrote. - print
  • Après les Etats-Unis, Microsoft en difficulté à Bruxelles., Le Monde (Entreprises - Informatique), p. 1 et 18, 21 Juin 2002. « Notre enquête est tout à fait indépendante de celle menée aux Etats-Unis », affirment au Monde les services de la Commission. Ces derniers soupçonnent le groupe de vouloir étendre sa domination, qui existe sur le marché des ordinateurs personnels, aux serveurs et s'inquiètent de la protection des données recueillies par Microsoft sur Internet. - imprimer
  • Patently Absurd, Gary L. Reback, Forbes, 06.24.02. - "OK," he said, "maybe you don't infringe these seven patents. But we have 10,000 U.S. patents. Do you really want us to go back to Armonk [IBM headquarters] and find seven patents you do infringe? Or do you want to make this easy and just pay us $20 million?" - part 2 - print
  • Is Linux Going Mainstream? Maybe, Jon William Toigo, Washington Technology, Vol. 16 No. 12, PostNewsweek Tech Media, 09/10/01. - August IDC survey revealing that corporate and governmental information technology decision-makers are anticipating a 9 percent growth in Linux-related spending in 2002, up from 3 percent in 1999. - part 2 - print
  • The Changing AdTI Documents, Anthony Awtrey, Linux and Main, June 12, 2002. -
  • Windows NT Cripples US Navy Cruiser, Gregory Slabodkin, Government News, GCN July 13, 1998. -
  • Analysis: Microsoft vs. open source battle gets political, Matt Berger, InfoWorld, June 10, 2002. - The perceived benefits of open-source software have moved government officials in countries including Germany, France, Finland, the Philippines, South Korea, and China to try out the technology. - print
  • Dispelling Myths about the GPL and Free Software, John Viega and Bob Fleck, Cyberspace Policy Institute, June 13, 2002. - the Alexis de Tocqueville Institution introduced some new misconceptions we had not previously seen in arguments.
  • MS-funded think tank propagates open-source lies Thomas C Greene, The Register, 10/06/2002. - In our original story we mentioned that the Alexis de Tocqueville Institution takes money from Microsoft
  • Anti-open source 'whitepaper' devastated, David F. Skoll (introduction: Thomas C Greene), The Register, 11/06/2002. - The entire AdTI study is a commercial funded by Microsoft - original: Opening the Open-Source Debate, Roaring Penguin, David F. Skoll, 14 June 2002.
  • Post tenebras Linux, Michel Beuret et Cathy Macherel, Wbedo, 26 octobre 2000. - Dans les banques, les systèmes libres sont le meilleur moyen pour assurer la confidentialité et contrer les hackers. - 2ème partie
  • Administrative policy regarding disclosure, distribution and licensing of software, University of Texas, November 12, 2001. - achieve a balance between protection of software inventions in general and ease of transfer of same where such transfer or distribution is in the best interests of the University and the public.
  • Etude de cas: les logiciels libres tiennent la charge, Carole Buret, ZDNet France, 10 juin 2002. - les entreprises n'hésitent plus à confier des tâches sensibles aux logiciels libres : haute disponibilité, tolérance de panne, prise en charge de fortes volumétries, etc. - imprimer
  • SGI transfers 3D graphics patents to MS, Andrew Orlowski, The Register, 16/01/2002. -
  • Open source developers wary of MS graphics patent grab, Andrew Orlowski, The Register, 11/07/2002. - those who think we say the sky is falling are quite correct in pointing out that what Microsoft offered is standard OpenGL bargaining procedure.
  • Internet's thinkers sound warning cry, AP, MSNBC, June 20, 2002. Corporate and government policy may hurt development
  • INTERNET SE SUICIDE: de l'utopie libertaire au pouvoir des marques, jeux et pub, Lien Max Klohn, traduction Richard Wild, Medito, 30 juin 2002. - V. Cerf: Les compagnies brident l'innovation - E. Schmidt: "balkanisation" dans la transmission de messages instantanés. - S. Crocker: les décisions d'aujourd'hui "pourrait pétrifier l'Internet en une machine à divertir, à diffuser de la pub ...
  • The end of the revolution, Andrew Leonard, Salon, June 14, 2002. - ICANN has dragged its feet in creating new top-level domain names -- dot-biz or dot-info, for example -- that might dilute the value of the dot-com domain. Trademark holders get first dibs on anything remotely related to their trademarks, whether or not the potential new uses would even be considered infringing according to established legal practice. - 2 - print
  • L'ordinateur de poche made in India se lance dans le grand bain, Christophe Guillemin, ZDNet France, 5 juillet 2002. - de 10500 à 23000 roupies (220 à 483 euros). Le Simputer offre la plupart des fonctions bureautiques d'un PC (tableur, traitement de texte, navigation internet, gestion des mails, etc..) et s'appuie sur un système d'exploitation à base de noyau Linux. - imprimer
  • The Answer is Out There, Espen Andersen, Ubiquity, Vol 3, Nb 21, July 8, 2002. - The answer is out there, somewhere, if only you can find the fixer. Increasingly, you can.
  • MandrakeSoft rejects UnitedLinux, ZDNet (UK), July 3, 2002. - MandrakeSoft also criticized UnitedLinux's restrictions on distributing its software, saying that the restrictions go against the principles of Free Software. MandrakeSoft said that unlike Unix, Linux is not in danger of fragmentation because of the wide use of standardized components: "MandrakeSoft perceives UnitedLinux simply as market consolidation." - print
  • Pooling Open Source Software, IDA Feasability Study, EC, DG Enterprise, June 2002. - More than simply providing software, the pooling facility should thus make available expertise and help create a community of developers, users and policy makers, providing opportunities for increased cooperation, notably in software development and testing.
  • European administrations should share open source software resources, says report published by Commission, EU Institutions press release, DN: IP/02/1010, 08/07/2002. - to cut soaring eGoverment information technology costs (set to rise by 28% to ? 6.6 billion this year) - Les administrations d'Europe devraient partager les ressources en logiciels de sources publiques
  • Taxe sur les disques durs, le retour, Florent Latrive, Libération, 08 juillet 2002. - Bernard Heger: Le vrai produit sur lequel tout le monde copie, c'est l'ordinateur. Et il passe à travers. Brun-Buisson considère que «la fixation d'une telle rémunération excède le rôle de la commission»
  • Le Medef revendique un "droit d'ingérence" dans le débat politique, Isabelle Mandraud, Le Monde (France - Gouvernement), p. 7, 30 juin - 1er juillet 2002. - "Il faut que l'Etat acceptew d'abandonner une partie de son propre pouvoir pour que d'autres acteurs puissent exercer le leur." ... "La légitimité des entrepreneurs à faire entendre leur voix, dans une phase de mutation telle que celle que nous connaissons aujourd'hui est pour le moins aussi grande - je veux dire en réalité plus grande - que celle des ONG" ... ce que l'on sait, c"est que leur pouvoir est plus grand.
  • The Emperor's New Clothes, anonymous aal, (a RealNames employee ?), may 25, 2002. How to spend $130 million and blithely deny any responsibility for your actions ... about RealNames. - 1. Anatomy of a Bad Deal - 2. A "dangerous strategy" is devised - 3. The ugly aftermath of RealNames' demise
  • Keith Teare's Weblog, 2002. RealNames former CEO gripes against Microsoft.
  • 'Ranger' Vs. the Movie Pirates, Frank Ahrens, Washington Post, June 19, 2002; Page H01. - Ranger is burrowing through the public parts of your computer trying to find out if you've stolen a movie over the Internet. ... Rossi got an e-mail from the MPAA and its 14 big studios accusing his site of illegally posting copyrighted material. Rossi said he was unfairly targeted by the automated Ranger, which misinterpreted his site's function. - print
  • Microsoft teste un "cheval de Troie" : Palladium, Paul Philipon-Dollet, L'expansion, 25/06/2002. - Palladium utiliserait comme clé une puce spécifique, que les constructeurs implanteraient dans les PC. Microsoft pourrait se réserver alors l'exclusivité d'accorder ou non aux éditeurs le droit de fonctionner sur Windows. La firme de Bill Gates en terminerait du même coup avec la menace Linux
  • Preserve Kuro5hin appeal on track, Andrew Orlowski, The Register, 21/06/2002. -
  • The fundraiser ends, and the next stage begins, rusty, Kuro5hin, Jun 21st, 2002. - I think the clearest way I can put it is: you just purchased Kuro5hin.org. I will contribute my equity in and ownership of Kuro5hin.org, do a lot of legal work, and what we'll end up with is a nonprofit organization that will own and operate the site in perpetuity - print
  • Les licences libres et le droit français, Cyril Rojinsky et Vincent Grynbaum, Propriétés Intellectuelles, juillet 2002, n° 4 (version 29 mai 2002). Le « libre » mérite mieux que ces licences approximatives, qui devraient donc être modifiées avant que les litiges les concernant ne se multiplient et viennent remettre en cause l’indéniable originalité de cette démarche.
  • Update: Linux Bill Introduced in Finland, Kyösti Karjula, Linux Today, June 18, 2002. - A group of Finnish MPs have signed a bill requiring national and local agencies to migrate their IT systems to the Linux operating system. The bill is not a legislative act. Annual savings of 26 million euros could be made. - print
  • Le gouvernement de Taiwan favorise les logiciels ouverts, Tiffany Kary, CNET, Yahoo! Actualités, 6 juin 2002 Cela pourrait lui épargner quelques 295 millions de dollars US d'achat de licences.
  • Red Hat accuse Sun de trahir l'Open Source, Nicolas Six, JDNet, Yahoo! Actualités, 11 juin 2002. - Sun etudie la possibilite de lancer sa propre distribution de Linux, ce qui mettrait les deux entreprises dans une position de concurrence forte.
  • Les utilisateurs Mac réagissent contre la FIFA, Marc Geoffroy (VNUNET France), Yahoo! Actualités, 13 juin 2002. - Le service, payant, diffuse après chaque match 4 minutes de résumé en streaming vidéo au format Windows Media 7. Ce qui exclut non seulement les adeptes du Mac mais aussi ceux de Linux ou d'Unix. La FIFA s'est défendue en expliquant que "5 % d'un marché est malheureusement trop peu pour justifier les investissements.
  • CIFS, Microsoft and the Samba Team, Samba Team, (visited on) June 14, 2002. - The methods described in these patents are quite inappropriate for a Unix/POSIX CIFS implementation such as Samba.
  • Report Flays Open-Source Licenses, Farhad Manjoo, Wired News, June 11, 2002. - Microsoft's paws all over this report - print - "old" version of report
  • Examination of the Open Source Software Debate, The Alexis de Tocqueville Institution, June 2002. -
  • Study: Open source poses security risks, Matthew Broersma, ZDNet (UK), May 31, 2002. - A conservative U.S. think tank suggests that open-source software is inherently less secure than proprietary software - print
  • Snapshots from the OS front, Matt Berger, IDG News, June 10, 2002. - Government officials the world over are getting drawn into the debate over the relative merits of using open source software rather than Microsoft Windows applications ... country by country - print - slashdot
  • Logiciels : libres et/ou propriétaires ? Info Science, dossiers, 10 avril 2002. - Tous les candidats mettent un point d'honneur à promouvoir la place des logiciels libres dans l'Etat. Dans leur majorité, ils se prononcent contre la notion de brevet pour les logiciels - dossier
  • Les députés interpellés sur les dangers du brevet logiciel, Christophe Lagane, VNUnet, 5 juin 2002. - Le Common Internet File System est un standard d'échange de fichiers sur Internet développé par Microsoft. Standard protégé par un brevet américain. Or, selon l'April et l'Aful, la nouvelle version du brevet interdit à tout développeur de logiciel libre d'écrire une application compatible avec le CIFS. - print
  • Taiwan to start national plan to push Free Software, Andy Tai, Kuro5hin, Jun 3rd, 2002. - This plan includes the creation of a totally Chinese free software environment for Taiwan users, free software application development, and training of 120,000 people for free software skills.
  • Outlook interdit dans une université britannique, Steve Ranger, VNUnet, 30 mai 2002. - la fonction de prévisualisation d'Outlook, qui lance automatique du code Java et XML, rend le produit "attrayant" pour les auteurs de virus. - imprimer
  • Mozilla.org Launches Mozilla 1.0, Press Release (Business Wire), June 5, 2002. - By virtue of embedding Gecko, Mozilla 1.0 and products based on Mozilla code support more web standards, more deeply, more consistently across more platforms than any others. Mozilla has been designed for easy localization.
  • The 21st Century Strategic Plan, James E. Rogan, Under secretary and director, USPTO, 03 jun 2002. - Because many American inventors also seek patent protection in other countries, these international pendency tribulations directly injure the ability of American inventors to get prompt overseas protection for their intellectual property. Fully 50 percent of all U.S. exports depend upon intellectual property protection. Who says the USA are not pushing patenting in Europe.
  • Central Scotland Police save £1/4 million by adopting Sun StarOffice, ComputerHeadline, January 2002. - providing office productivity functions to 1,000 police officers and administrative staff has saved £245,000 in initial costs ... no licensing costs and a reduced cost of hardware ... 'thin client' installation: the StarOffice application files and data are held on a central server and accessed using a reserved network address scheme.
  • Users beginning to consider StarOffice Patrick Thibodeau, IDG net, 7 May, 2002. - Connecticut-based Gartner estimates that StarOffice has a better-than-even chance of taking 10% of the office productivity suite market at Microsoft's expense by the end of 2004 - print
  • UnitedLinux vers un monde Linux unifié et propriétaire Nicolas, da Code, 4 juin 2002. - possible violation de la GPL. - Une distribution "standardisée" ?, Zeb, 29 mai 2002.
  • SuSE Denies UnitedLinux Per-Seat License Model; Announces Developer's Version
  • RMS, FSF condemn per-seat licensing Linux and Main; May 31, 2002. - Licensing per seat' perverts the GNU+Linux system into something that respects your freedom as much as Windows ... about the "UnitedLinux" business software initiative.
  • Les bases de données en accès libre pillables avec modération, Capucine Cousin, 01net, 06/06/2002. - il n'y avait pas eu « concurrence déloyale », News Invest n'ayant repris sur son site qu'une dizaine de communiqués et deux rapport annuels. « La langue juridique de Bruxelles protège l'investissement, le temps passé, au-delà du droit d'auteur. Ce qui implique le droit d'empêcher l'extraction substantielle d'une base de données », analyse Cyril Rojinsky. - imprimer
  • Open Source Software May Offer Target for Terrorists, According to Study by Alexis de Tocqueville Institution's Committee for the Common Defense, May 30, 2002. - open source might facilitate efforts to disrupt or sabotage electronic commerce, air traffic control or even sensitive surveillance systems.
  • Tend@nce: vers une Charte des Droits de la copie numérique ? Peter Henderson, Yahoo! Actualités, 18 mai 2002. - Un peu comme si j'achetais un livre avec une couverture cartonnée et que je pouvais aussi l'avoir en édition de poche pour l'emmener à la plage ?
  • A Business Case Study of Open Source Software Carolyn A. Kenwood, The MITRE Corporation, July 2001. - part of The MITRE Corporation's FY00 Mission-Oriented Investigation and Experimentation (MOIE) research project "Open Source Software in Military Systems - full report in pdf - MITRE Wins Federal Linux Award, December 5, 2000.
  • Taking the Copy Out of Copyright Ernest Miller and Joan Feigenbaum, Proceedings of the 2001 ACM Workshop on Security and Privacy in Digital Rights Management, Springer-Verlag LNCS. - We argue that the right to control copying should be eliminated as an organizing principle of copyright law. In its place, we propose as an organizing principle the right to control public distribution of the copyrighted work. - doc - pdf
  • Pourquoi Auchan migre ses serveurs d'infrastructure vers une architecture 100% Open Source, JDNet Solutions, 25 février 2002. - appliquer une technologie Open Source afin de ne pas se retrouver dépendant d'un modèle de licence propriétaire - imprimer - Auchan et IDEALX, Updesk, 26-11-2001 - Progiciel & Logiciel : Auchan cède aux sirènes de l'Open Source , Points de VenteN°881du04/03/2002, page88 (pdf)
  • Wisdom from the Industry New Architect Editors, June 2002. - - print
  • Debunking the Software Patent Myths Paul Heckel, Communications of the ACM, June, 1992. - an overall defense of software patents. - alt
  • Debunking Software Patent Myths Larry Graham, IEEE Software, vol. 17, no. 4, July/Aug. 2000, pp. 122-123.
  • How Software Patents Can Support COTS Component Business, Michael S. Guntersdorfer, David G. Kay, IEEE Software, - Arguments against patents print - comments
  • Entretien avec Manuel Castells Guillaume Fraissard, Le Monde (Aujourd'hui - Sciences), p. 30, 1 juin 2002. - La "culture hacker" imprègne aujourd'hui une grande partie de la société. Plus une société est une société d'information et d'économie de la connaissance, plus la capacité d'innover à l'intérieur du système, avec des moyens créatifs, est importante. C'est ça la culture héritée de l'éthique des hackers [...] et pas uniquement dans des domaines technologiques. ... Plus la démocratisation d'Internet sera retardée, plus le Web se développera autour de valeurs qui ne sont pas celles de l'ensemble de la société. - imprimer
  • Le Parlement européen échange mémoire contre spamming et cookies, Rafaële Rivais avec Stéphane Mandard, Le Monde, p. 1, 1 juin 2002. - L'Union européenne vient-elle, au nom de la lutte antiterroriste, de se doter d'une législation liberticide ? - imprimer
  • "Le droit au respect de la vie privée risque de perdre de sa substance.", Propos recueillis par Pierre Bouvier, Le Monde Interactif, 29.05.02. - La Global Internet Liberty Campaign s'insurgeait [contre] la volonté de la Maison Blanche de s'ingérer dans le processus de décision politique au sein de l'UE, en demandant que le principe de la protection des données dans les communications électroniques fasse l'objet de dérogations - imprimer
  • Software Wars Li-Cheng (Andy) Tai, March 1998 to February 9, 2001. - Pictures of the battlefield. - latest: gif, png
  • La privatisation de l'activité de connaissance menace de bloquer l'innovation Dominique Foray, Propos recueillis par Pierre Le Hir et Antoine Reverchon, Le Monde, 30 mai 2000. - la commercialisation de la recherche et plus particulièrement le système du brevet, autrement dit la protection privée de la découverte, vont à l'encontre de tous les bénéfices d'une science ouverte, liés à la circulation rapide et libre de la connaissance. Un établissement ne mène pas impunément une politique de forte protection de la propriété intellectuelle : il le fait forcément au détriment de sa mission de production de biens ou de savoirs publics. (cf. Bayh-Dole act) - imprimer
  • Patent law: patentability of computer-implemented inventions COD/2002/0047, proposal to European Parliament, 20/02/2002. - The proposal takes as its basis the concept of "technical contribution".
  • Justices Bolster Patent Holders' Rights, Bloomberg News, New York Times, May 29, 2002. - Supreme Court support for the doctrine of equivalents - print
  • Open Source wants StarOffice for schools, Richard Wood, The New Zealand Herald, 04.06.2002. - Minister of Education Trevor Mallard said the Microsoft deal offered more than just a basic Office-style package. It included the Encarta Reference Suite, FrontPage Web publishing, a range of programming tools and the client access licence for Microsoft server products. MS has locked the market. - print
  • Le gouvernement allemand adopte Linux, C.B., Le Monde Informatique, 04 Juin 2002. - Le gouvernement allemand a signé un contrat de coopération avec IBM pour s'équiper, tant au niveau local que national, de serveurs et PC fonctionnant sous Linux. Big Blue utilisera la distribution signée par l'éditeur allemand SuSE. L'Allemagne compte aujourd'hui plus de 3 millions d'utilisateurs de Linux. - imprimer
  • Pourquoi Auchan a choisi Linux pour gérer ses serveurs départementaux Philippe Astor, ZDNet France, 5 avril 2002. - Les licences des éditeurs propriétaires mettent les entreprises sous coupe réglée. Et le ticket d'entrée d'une migration vers Linux est moins onéreux aujourd'hui qu'il ne le sera demain ... On peut tout à fait remplacer une quinzaine de serveurs Windows par deux serveurs Linux et assurer une meilleure continuité de service - imprimer
  • Statement of Position and Our Promise on Software Patents, Red Hat, 2002. - Our Promise does not extend to any software which is not Open Source/Free Software
  • Sun Microsystems annonce la version 6.0 de sa suite bureautique StarOffice, Press release, Sun, 15 mai 2002. - Auchan: "Avec StarOffice, nous estimons que nous réaliserons des économies importantes; et le format de fichiers par défaut XML nous donne le choix du fournisseur pour nos futurs besoins en productivité bureautique et en back-office." - Liberate Your Office., Sun, 20.May.02.
  • Statement of Position and Our Promise on Software Patents, Red Hat, 2002. - Red Hat agrees to refrain from enforcing the infringed patent against Open Source/Free Software in a given list of licences.
  • UnitedLinux Press Release, May 30, 2002. - Caldera, Conectiva, SuSE, Turbolinux Partner To Create UnitedLinux, And Produce A Uniform Version Of Linux For Business
  • Linux Vendors Gang Up On Red Hat Peter Galli, eWeek, May 28, 2002. - Caldera, Conectiva, SuSE and Turbolinux - print
  • Allchin: Disclosure May Endanger U.S., Caron Carlson, eWeek, May 13, 2002. - A senior Microsoft Corp. executive acknowledged that some Microsoft code was so flawed it could not be safely disclosed. ... sharing information with competitors could damage national security and even threaten the U.S. war effort in Afghanistan. - print - slashdot
  • L'Afrique du Sud s'engage "à perpétuité" avec Microsoft, Educaf, Dépêche n°131, 2002-05-22. - cet accord permettra d'économiser 313 dollars par école
  • On Red Hat's patents, Linux and Main, May 25, 2002. - reaction is certainly premature and possibly misguided print
  • Linux et le Libre en Video Framasoft. - Collection de références à des vidéos sur le logiciel libre et sujets connexes.
  • Traditionele software versus open source software, geplaatst in een Europees juridisch perspectief Esther L. K., Jean Monnet Papers on the European Information Society, Bijma, October 17, 2000. - - paper
  • Epidémiologie des logiciels libres Bastien Guerry, 4 avril 2002. - - html - pdf
  • Logiciel libre et évolution Christophe Le Bars, mars 1998. - Si l'on considère que le code source du logiciel est comme de l'ADN, qu'il définit une espèce et donc qu'un logiciel puisse être vu comme une instance de cette espèce artificielle, on peut entrevoir une explication ...
  • Gartner to Microsoft customers: Plan now Matt Berger, InfoWorld, May 21, 2002. - Many customers have balked at Microsoft's licensing changes, which moves customers to a licensing plan that is similar to a lease. Many have criticized the company for forcing upgrades on users before they are ready to install new software... customers could pay as much as 107 percent more for software over the next four years... 41% said they can't afford the cost... Clients who miss the July 31 deadline could pay up to 45% more - print
  • New view of Passport data leaves some customers unhappy with what they see. Tom Mainelli, PCWorld, May 17, 2002. - No matter what boxes you had unchecked to protect your privacy before, you will find that the move to .NET has reset them to share your e-mail address and Profile information - print
  • Thanks to open source methods, only 2 out of 500 job-hunting programmers pass skills test Scott McCollum, World Tribune, May 22, 2002. - Welcome to the lazy, cut-and-paste world of open source innovation ... - print
  • FUD inc. Scott McCollum, World Tribune, 2001-2002. An unforgettable experience ... he is real, even has his picture. - see also Why Micorsoft rules my Univrese, Gerald Holmes.
  • Celine Dion unleashes wave of destruction on Mac users Aled Herbert, Silicon.com10th May 2002. - the Canadian warbler's disc is placed in a new flat-screen iMac, the machine has to be sent for repair.
  • Open source subject to fiery debate Cara Garretson, InofWorld, CNN, April 16, 2002. - Politicians just aren't very good at picking technology, markets are.Bullshit ... see VCR, QWERTY, DR-DOS, etc... Bessen maintained that U.S. government already has got involved, since it is in charge of awarding patents for software. ... Other panelists agreed that there are too many patents awarded and that the U.S. Patent Office is in need of revamping. - print
  • Microsoft plays XML politics Brian Fonseca and Ed Scannell, InofWorld, CNN, April 16, 2002. - Microsoft is expected to repackage the technology used in My Services to create the equivalent of an XML application server. ... IBM and Microsoft are pushing their own standards implementations that may run into interference with "open" standards groups such as the W3C and IETF - print
  • Replacing Microsoft Office ZDnet, May 15, 2002. - According to a recent Tech Update poll, 59 percent of the respondents said they're considering ditching Microsoft Office (12 percent had already done so), and less than a third--29 percent--said they were sticking to their Microsoft Office guns. - history
  • L'Europe déclare la guerre des brevets aux Etats-Unis Antoine Reverchon, Le Monde 29 mai 2000. - Les brevets peuvent-ils décourager l'innovation ? - autre source
  • Competition and Intellectual Property Law and Policy in the Knowledge-Based Economy Brian Kahin, Federal Trade Commission and Department of Justice, March 19, 2002. - No form of regulation has expanded as dramatically with as little legislative direction as patents on software and methods of doing business. The USPTO is focused on its internal operations rather than on the proper functioning of the patent system as a whole.
  • Bientôt un code mouchard sur les CD et DVD fabriqués dans l'UE? Matt Loney, ZDNet UK, avec Jerome Thorel, ZDNet France, 27 mai 2002. - Des industriels et producteurs saisissent l'union européenne pour lutter contre le piratage et la copie illicite de CD et DVD. Ils lui ont soumis un projet exigeant notamment l'inscription d'un code d'identification sur les disques fabriqués dans l'UE. - imprimer - slashdot
  • Telecom companies put tiny tech on hold , Tiffany Kary, CNET News, May 27, 2002. - Micro and nanoscale technology have huge potential to impact the industry, but they haven't had that impact yet because of the vested interests of incumbent players - print
  • Microsoft Faces European Commission Inquiry on Privacy Concerns, Bloomberg News, New York Times, May 28, 2002. - Mr. Meijer accused Microsoft of collecting and passing along information about users of its products to unknown parties and complained that failure to register could exclude users from some sites. - print
  • L'industrie française du logiciel exploite mal ses potentialités Jean-Baptiste Dupin, Renaud Edouard, Olivier Roberget, 01 Informatique, 27/05/2002. - Le Syntec évalue le chiffre d'affaires du secteur de l'édition de logiciels en France à 4,4 milliards d'euros pour 2001. - imprimer
  • XP SP1 : Microsoft entrouve son système, Jean-Baptiste Su, 01net, 27/05/2002. - les applications de Microsoft deviennent invisibles à l'utilisateur si celui-ci ne les a pas choisies par défaut. - imprimer
  • Reflexions sur l'architecture et les enjeux politiques de l'Internet Bernard Benhamou, Cahier de l'IREPP : Politique et Internet, 9 janvier 2002. - L'architecture des systèmes d'information est, au même titre que celle de nos villes, porteuse d'un message politique.
  • Il y a une loi française contre le piratage, intégrée dans le code pénal Eric Barbry, 01.net , 23/05/2002. - - imprimer
  • L'industrie du disque contre la copie des CD Rédaction (avec Reuters), 01net, 13/08/2001. - l'idée est à présent de jouer sur la différence entre les normes des platines CD de salon et celles des lecteurs intégrés aux ordinateurs. ... les technologies [de protection contre la copie] enfreignent leur liberté d'utilisation. - imprimer
  • CD protégés : les PC tolérés par les majors, Karine Solovieff, 01net, 24/05/2002. - La prochaine génération de CD comporte deux parties. Sur l'une, figure la musique en haute qualité, mais reste inaccessible par le lecteur audio d'un ordinateur. Sur l'autre, il y aura de la musique au format numérique, compressée comme le MP3, et incluant un système de gestion des droits [DRM] ... seuls les micro-ordinateurs équipés de Windows seront compatibles avec ce système, alors que 15 à 20 % des personnes écoutant des CD sur ordinateurs sont équipées de Macintosh. - imprimer
  • A Bad, Sad Hollywood Ending? Jane Black, Business Week Online, May 16, 2002. - Open-source software could find itself locked out if the entertainment giants get their way on copyright protection. - print
  • SustainableComputingConsortium Karsten M. Self, 23 May 2002. - The cover story doesn't hold up ... what is the real mission?
  • Contre les majors, Kazaa rallie de nouveaux soutiens à sa cause, John Borland et Estelle Dumout,Yahoo! Actualités, 17 mai 2002. - pour faire barrage aux différents projets visant à renforcer la législation sur le droit de reproduction et la lutte contre le piratage.
  • Is mainframe Linux toast?, David Berlind, ZDNet, May 14, 2002. - the META report assumes that mainframe technology is standing still. - print
  • Report roasts Linux on mainframes, Matthew Broersma, ZDNet (UK), May 10, 2002. - The argument seems to be mainly that mainframes will no longer be used as servers. - print
  • 'Soft Talk: Hotmail pushes for revenue, Cydney Gillis, Eastside Journal, 2002-05-16. - Hotmail has changed users' "personal profile" ... make it appear people have given permission for Hotmail to share their e-mail address, date of birth, occupation and other information with Web sites run by Microsoft's partners. see also Microsoft hits out at Passport privacy slur, Pia Heikkila, Silicon.com, May 16, 2002.
  • Solaris 9 OE : le système à tout faire de Sun Antonin Billet, 01net, 22/05/2002. - les briques logicielles de l'architecture Sun ONE, comme le Directory Server, le Portal Server, l'Integration Server, le Message Server ou encore le Web Server peuvent être remplacées par des offres d'éditeurs tiers - imprimer
  • Update: Ending Microsoft FUD: An Interview with Peruvian Congressman Villanueva Dee-Ann LeBlanc and Stacey Tipton, Linux Today, May 21, 2002. - - print
  • Open-Source Fight Flares At Pentagon Jonathan Krim, Washington Post, May 23, 2002. - A May 10 report prepared for the Defense Department concluded that open source often results in more secure, less expensive applications - print
  • Patents, long the tech world's currency, come under attack Julie Landry, Red Herring, April 19, 2002. - the number of intellectual property lawyers per $1 billion dollars spent on research and development has nearly doubled in the last 30 years. - see Patent Value, Dan Briody, Red Herring, March 13, 2002
  • CD Crack: Magic Marker Indeed Reuters, Wired News, May 20, 2002. - Technology buffs have cracked Sony Music's elaborate disc copy-protection technology with a low-tech method: scribbling around the rim of a disk with a felt-tip marker. - print - aus deutsch
  • Alternatives libres au poste de travail Microsoft Stéfane Fermigier, AFUL, 2002-05-22. - étudier la faisabilité technique d'une telle opération, en dressant un panorama des logiciels qui devraient être considérés dans ce cadre, ainsi que des pistes à explorer afin de lever les obstacles qui se dressent. - derived from Analysis of the Impact of Open Source Software, Qinetiq, 11/12/01. - pdf - word
  • Sun sets $76 price tag on Office rival Stephen Shankland, CNET News, May 14, 2002. - Office has a retail cost of $479, with an upgrade cost of $239 and an educational version for $149. Large quantities get a price discount, with StarOffice costing between $25 and $50 per copy. StarOffice is based on the same software as OpenOffice (LGPL), a stark contrast to the tight proprietary controls over Microsoft Office. - print
  • WIPO Nabs 30th Signature for Copyright Treaty Ray Bennett, Resources, Dec. 7, 2001. - Ratification of the WCT was greeted with enthusiasm Thursday by the worldwide recording industry. - see WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty
  • DMCA hoedown! Copyright fans party on Capitol Hill on Thursday Declan McCullagh, Politech, 13 May 2002. - A celebration of the entry into force of the WIPO "Internet" Treaties and to honor the authors and supporters of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act - see Gabon Accession Paves Way for Internet Copyright Treaty US Department of State, 6 December 2001. - more generally see the US Department of State page on IPR Protecting Intellectual Property Rights
  • Opening the Portal Into Your Television, An Interview With Carl Malamud, Bruce Stewart, O'Reilly Net, 05/10/2002. - You wouldn't think that the idea of a directory of programs on the tube would be novel, but the Patent Office proceeded to award a few hundred patents. - print
  • Manip ou maladresse pour le Réseau Voltaire ? Homo Numericus, 14 mai 2002. -
  • Le Réseau Voltaire interdit Google et non l'inverse ! Vivre le Net, 14 mai 2002. -
  • La guerre économique a tué mon PC Alain Steinmann*, Le Nouvel Hebdo, 01net, 10/05/2002. - Le spyware est un logiciel espion. Un truc utile d'apparence, gratuit, mais qui s'infiltre au coeur de votre ordinateur, traçant vos connexions, les transmettant aux « marketeux » - imprimer
  • The Beginnings and Prospective Ending of "End-to-End": An Evolutionary Perspective On the Internet's Architecture. Paul A. David, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research, August 2001. - The expected gains from making "improvements" in the core of the network should be weighed against the loss of the social and economic benefits that derive from the "end-to-end" architectural design. - (revised version of "The Evolving Accidental Information Super-highway," in the Oxford Review of Economic Policy, vol. 17 (2), Fall, 2001: pp. 159-87.)
  • A New Direction for Intellectual Property, Amy Harmon, The New York Times, May 13, 2002. - Creative Commons, a nonprofit company that will develop ways for artists, writers and others to easily designate their work as freely shareable. - print
  • La position du Cigref sur l'évolution de la politique commerciale de Microsoft, CIGREF, 6 mai 2002. - Le changement unilatéral des conditions des relations contractuelles tel que Microsoft l'a pratiqué n'est pas acceptable.
  • "De nombreux réseaux Wifi sont déployés, mais ils ne veulent pas trop faire parler d'eux" Pierre Bouvier, Le Monde Interactif, 6 mai 2002. - on pouvait réduire la fracture numérique sans demander de subventions aux pouvoirs publics ou aux collectivités territoriales, et voilà que les autorités de régulation, l'opérateur historique, nous tombent dessus.
  • Les informaticiens du monde libre Nathalie Lamoureux, Le Point, N°1547 - Page 94, 07/05/02. - Le secteur libre est l'un des derniers eldorados de l'informatique. Pour preuve ? La plupart des géants du secteur (IBM, Dell, Sun, Compaq, HP) investissent le créneau imprimer
  • MS customers balk at licensing program Joe Wilcox, ZDNet News, May 10, 2002. - Two-thirds of Microsoft's largest customers have not signed up for a new software licensing program. Companies have until July 31 to sign up for the program; some are using the remaining time to consider alternatives, such as the Linux operating system and Sun Microsystems' StarOffice software ... Customers locked into two- or three-year commitments won't have much incentive for looking at Linux, StarOffice or other Microsoft alternatives. ... Of the more than 30 percent of companies passing up the new licensing program, about "80 percent of them are installing Linux somewhere in their company". "There's no question that the licensing change brought more attention to Linux." ... Over time, StarOffice costs less than Office to maintain, but it would still take eight years to break even on the initial conversion costs - print
  • Group warns of EU telecom surveillance Graeme Wearden, CNET News, May 9, 2002. - European governments are secretly drawing up a framework decision that would force the 15 member nations of the EU to bring in new laws that would place all phone calls, e-mails, faxes and Internet usage under surveillance. - print
  • GNU/Linux: Richard Stallman répond à Bill Gates Richard Stallman, ZDNet UK, 10 mai 2002. - - imprimer
  • Remarks by Bill Gates Government Leaders' Conference, Seattle (WA), April 17, 2002. - key issues : promoting competition in telecommunications ... the so-called general GPL source license free software foundation, that says that these other countries other than the U.S. should devote R&D dollars in the so-called open approach, that means you can never commercialize that software. ... choice for a country to deny itself the benefits of these high-paying jobs and the kind of taxes that let countries fund their universities, and fund general research that then goes to renew that pool of commercial R&D. - e-government:how you authenticate a citizen, how you know who they are ... Some countries, fine, the government will do it. But in many countries it will be a partnership between commercial providers, like the online companies such as AOL or Microsoft. ... being willing to take partial results from another government, saying, okay, we'll start with that as a building block Gates discovers Open Source and coopération ... Open Source: for a few percent of the price of the PC you can buy a commercial operating system ... Who is going to be the most innovative. will it be capitalism, or will it be just people working at night? ... Software written in universities should be free software. But it shouldn't be GPL software. ... like this thing called Linux, where you can never commercialize anything around it... there should be an eco-system so something like VSB, which is a free form of UNIX, but it doesn't have this GPL. Poor countries: I do think that low-cost computing, which is acceptable to the world at large, which is a big move away from expensive UNIX or mainframe type computing, is a contribution that has helped. We are in the right direction. - voir Bill Gates parle aux chefs de gouvernements
  • L'éthique hacker, nouveau paradigme social, Stéphane Mandard, Le Monde, 3 mai 2002. - la société en réseau n'est pas seulement déterminée par le capitalisme, mais dans un degré à peu près égal par le "communisme scientifique" - imprimer
  • Les profileurs du Net traquent les internautes à leur insu Le Monde (Aujourhui - Technologies), p. 20, 10 mai 2002. - Présentation quelque peu tandancieuse, tendant à amalgamer libre, gratuit et espionnage, alors que seuls les logiciels libres sont sûr, et que aucun des logiciels cités n'est libre de droits.
  • Microsoft achète l'éditeur de logiciels Navision pour se renforcer en Europe Antoine Jacob, Le Monde (Entreprises), p. 17, 10 mai 2002. - 'américain veut concurrencer l'allemand SAP - imprimer
  • Microsoft faces tough EU action, Francesco Guerrera and Birgit Jennen, Financial Times, May 9, 2002. - tough measures (?) ... amounting to nothing significant - print
  • Font companies crack down on student, Lisa M. Bowman, CNET News, May 3, 2002. - The application (created five years ago) eases restrictions on font-creation software that make it difficult to copy typefaces. Murphy, 22, said he created the Embed program to make it easier for developers to use fonts that he had created himself, rather than remove restrictions on copyrighted fonts. - print
  • Flash News Flash: It's Accessible Lisa Delgado, Wired News, April 23, 2002. - He wanted to include some Flash-animated games. But he was concerned about creating barriers for deaf and blind children using the site. - 2 - print
  • The Microsoft penalty that isn't Bruce Perens, Cnet News, April 15, 2002. - Microsoft promised to publish technology that would allow competing products to interoperate with Windows. But Microsoft has sidestepped the penalty by crafting a technology license that excludes the company's only viable competitor. - (cf. Samba, CIFS)
  • Microsoft convicted of software piracy Lionel Berthomier, Le Monde Informatique, PC World Malta, 11/28/2001. - Microsoft continues to stall on the provisional execution of the judgment.
  • Microsoft winds up on both ends of software piracy stick, Tina Gasperson, NewsForge, May 08, 2002. he biggest mystery is the obscurity of the story until now. "It looks to me as if the whole U.S. press missed the story".
  • Bibliographie Laurent Mauriac, Sciences Po, 17-jan-01. -
  • IBM, startup launch massive `grid' for online gaming Reuters, The mercury News, May. 08, 2002. - The "Butterfly Grid" will also be one of the first major commercial applications for IBM's concept of "grid computing," in which far-flung computers are linked using open-source software to create powerful computing networks
  • Trademark Trouble: Asterix versus MobiliX, MobiliX, April 22, 2002. - In November 2001 MobiliX has been legally charged to withdraw the trademark ... The legal trouble is discussed in many mailing lists and news groups. The plaintiffs now accuse MobiliX of inventing "a new kind of electronical terror"
  • Getting to know and love StarOffice, Solveig Haugland, NewsForge, May 06, 2002. - Why hasn't StarOffice taken over the world?
  • L'étendue de la protection conférée par un " brevet de logiciel ", Franck Macrez, Legal Bizxext, 29/4/02. - Le " brevet de résultat " est traditionnellement prohibé, et déjà " la distinction du résultat et de la fonction technique du moyen [était] hérissée de difficultés " lorsqu’on traitait d’inventions mécaniques ; dans le domaine du logiciel, ces difficultés ne peuvent être surmontées que par un choix qui semblera arbitraire
  • Brevetabilité des logiciels Pierre Breese, Legal Bizxext, 02/5/02. - Après deux ans de débats où le militantisme politico-économique l'emporte souvent sur la rigueur juridique, la situation se décante. - article complet en PDF
  • Blogspace Under the Microscope Jon Udell, O'Reilly Network, 05/03/2002. - The culture of blogspace is evolving in near-realtime. Last week, a new mutation brought backlinks into a more prominent role. It's hard to avoid the sense that there's some biological force at work here. - print
  • Linux operating system comes of age Molouk Y. Ba-Isa, Arab News, May 07, 2002. - The desktop is still ruled by Microsoft but all acknowledge that this is temporary. In the Middle East we have other challenges. Investment in Linux associated Arabization has not been made by governments or educational institutions. This is a mistake. - print
  • A Public Service Organisation out of control? Press Release, Staff Union of the EPO, September 15, 2001. - the European Patent Office appears to consider itself not to be bound by European Directives.
  • Logiciel et droit d'auteur : De l'art et de la méthode Christophe Espern, Homo Numericus, 25 avril 2002. - - autre site
  • Bill Gates tente d'éviter de nouvelles sanctions à Microsoft Eric Leser, Le Monde, p. 24, 24 avril 2002. - En fragmentant la plate-forme universelle offerte aujourd'hui par Windows, les sanctions ramèneraient l'informatique dix ans en arrière - imprimer
  • Monsanto vs Schmeiser 2002. - Percy Schmeiser is a farmer whose Canola fields were contaminated with Monsanto's Round-Up Ready Canola. Monsanto's position is that he must pay their Technology Fee.
  • Microsoft revoit ses ambitions à la baisse pour les prochains mois, Estelle Dumout, ZDNet France, 19 avril 2002. - Au cours du troisième trimestre de son exercice 2001-2002 (janvier-mars), le groupe a certes réalisé un bénéfice net en hausse de 12%, à 2,74 milliards de dollars. ... pour le chiffre d'affaires: Microsoft a engrangé 7,25 milliards de dollars - print
  • Long-Time File-Swappers Buy More Music, Not Less - Update Kevin Featherly, Newsbytes, 25 Apr 2002. - Music sellers should devote their limited resources to online marketing and distribution - rather than eradicating the phantom threat of file sharing - print
  • Hackers turn tables on file-swapping firms John Borland, CNET News.com, April 25, 2002. - The most popular of the hacked file-swapping sites, Kazaa Lite, has already attracted legal threats from Sharman Networks, the Australian company that owns the Kazaa software. - print
  • New utility helps prevent software license violations, Tina Gasperson, NewsForge, April 23, 2002. - LIDESC is a new "license awareness" tool ... the command-line utility automates the process of checking license requirements when many files are combined to create new software, whether proprietary or Open Source.
  • Lego: Intellectual Property Is Not a Toy Paul Keegan, Business 2.0, October 2001. - - print
  • Why Open Source Software / Free Software (OSS/FS)? Look at the Numbers! David A. Wheeler, Revised as of April 26, 2002. - This paper provides quantitative data that, in many cases, using open source software / free software is a reasonable or even superior approach to using their proprietary competition according to various measures
  • ITIC/Sunbelt Software Microsoft Licensing Survey Results March 2002. - Microsoft with its Licensing 6.0 Program, may have unwittingly accomplished what all of its rivals and the U.S. Department of Justice combined could not do: turn people away from Microsoft products. - Microsoft's New Plans for Software Volume Licenses: Licensing 6.0 and Software Assurance
  • Cytale en cessation de paiement Christophe Guillemin, ZDNet France, 19 avril 2002. - Le fabricant français de livre électronique Cytale a été déclaré en cessation de paiement
  • The Microsoft penalty that isn't Bruce Perens, Cnet news, April 15, 2002. - In its antitrust settlement with the Justice Department and nine states, Microsoft promised to publish technology that would allow competing products to interoperate with Windows. But Microsoft has sidestepped the penalty by crafting a technology license that excludes the companýs only viable competitor. ... hence the anti-GPL CIFS licence.
  • Frédéric Couchet (April / FSF) Tchatche, 01net. 18/04/2002 . - l faut savoir que la grande majorité des informaticiens qui développent du logiciel ne sont pas payés pour développer des logiciels qui seront vendus. Ceux qui sont payés pour développer des logiciels qui seront vendus en tant que tel sont une minorité. Donc la question de la rémunération des auteurs se pose beaucoup moins que dans d'autres domaines (artistique, par exemple). - print
  • Possible patent on rsync? Martin Pool, About integration of rsync and Debian, 2002/04/12. - ... linked lists, mark-and-copy garbage collection, and the Tab key are all patented too. Somebody who always carefully checked first for software patents would never write anything at all.
  • IBM drops Internet patent bombshell, David Berlind, ZD Net, April 16, 2002. - "Two years ago, when IBM made its contribution--known as Trading Partner Agreement Markup Language--to OASIS and then ebXML, no encumbrances were identified. We are certainly surprised that claims are now being made." ... It would be unfair of IBM if they decided to charge fees on something which was essentially the collaborative effort of many, many people. - print
  • SUPPLEMENTAL END USER LICENSE AGREEMENT FOR MICROSOFT SOFTWARE, Microsoft Corp., seen upon installation of the code of Windows Media Player 7.1 for Win 98, Win 2000 and Win Me. If you do not have a validly licensed copy of any version or edition of Microsoft Windows 98, Microsoft Windows Millenum Edition, Microsoft Windows 2000 Operating System or any Microsoft operating system that is a successor to any of those operating systems.
  • Microsoft learns a lesson from competition, AP, CNN.com, April 16, 2002. - Microsoft says its problem is with the caveat, which it calls confusing and says could lead a company to inadvertently become subject to the license. ... well that goes even more, much more, for software patents. print
  • Le grand manitou de la lutte contre le cyberterrorism Yves Eudes, Le Monde, 4 avril 2002. - il confirme l'existence d'une collaboration étroite entre le géant du logiciel, le Pentagone et les services secrets : "Je pense que la prochaine version [de Windows] sera nettement supérieure aux précédentes, du moins s'ils intègrent tout ce dont nous avons discuté avec eux." - imprimer
  • CueCat Decoder mirror list September 2, 2000. - Using IP right to force people to accept privacy violations. And anti competitive practices to boot.
  • Matthew Szulik (CEO de Red Hat) : « Continuer à surperformer le Nasdaq », Jean-Michel Cedro, Le Nouvel Hebdo, 01 Net, 06/05/2002. - L'Europe représente déjà 18 % de nos ventes. Le secteur public est ainsi, en principe, très favorable à Linux et à nos produits, qui lui font économiser d'importants frais de structure. Les États-Unis feraient bien de s'inspirer de l'Union européenne sur ce plan-là. - imprimer
  • Les logiciels bientôt éligibles à la « brevetabilité ». Alain Bensoussan, 01 Informatique, le 06/05/2002. - cela ne concerne que les programmes indissociablement liés au fonctionnement d'une machine. ... ah bon, il y en a d'autres ? - imprimer
  • Mexico City Says Hola to Linux Julia Scheeres, Wired News, march 16 2001. - Barberán said it would take about two years to make the transition from commercial to open-source software - print - see Mexico: No More Linux for You, Either!, Paul Thurrott, Windows, December 2001.
  • Reply to Microsoft, about a law on free software in administration Edgar David Villanueva Nuñez, April 8, 2002. - To guarantee the permanence of public data, it is necessary that the usability and maintenance of the software does not depend on the goodwill of the suppliers, or on the monopoly conditions imposed by them. For this reason the State needs systems the development of which can be guaranteed due to the availability of the source code. - full site in Peru and in France (en français).
  • Les Vandopériens plébiscitent la machine à voter Julie Krassovsky, Transfert, 30 avril 2002. - 78% des personnes interrogées pensent que ce dispositif devrait pouvoir être accessible depuis leur domicile. ... et le secret de l'isoloir ...??? - imprimer
  • Sites de contenus à but lucratif : quel avenir ? Vincent Bénard , 10/12/2001. - L'édition en ligne est frappée par la chute des revenus publicitaires ... moult opérateurs du web continueront de produire du contenu gratuit, parfois de haute qualité, sans souci de rentabilité directe
  • Setting up an institutional e-print archive Stephen Pinfield, Mike Gardner and John MacColl, Ariadne, Issue 31, 11-April-2002. - Some of the practical issues involved in setting up an OAI-compliant e-print archive in an HEI
  • MS shared source licence strangely GPL-like, John Lettice, The Register, 29/04/2002. - you may not grant rights to the Software or derivative works that are broader than those provided by this License. - Microsoft shared source CLI, C#, and JSCRIPT license
  • Gates: GPL will eat your economy, but BSD's cool, John Lettice, The Register, 22/04/2002. - Microsoft's view of the GPL as some kind of plague. The company has outlawed it in its licence agreements, described it as a cancer.
  • Microsoft défend son droit de nuisance, Rémi Vallet, Transfert, 26 avril 2002. - Un directeur de Microsoft a défendu le droit d´altérer Windows pour amputer les performance de logiciels concurrents - imprimer
  • Procès Microsoft : quand Bill Gates se contredit , Antonin Billet, 01net, 26/04/2002. - Le fondateur de Microsoft a reconnu qu'il pouvait créer un système d'exploitation personnalisable par les fabricants de PC, ouvrant une brèche dans son système de défense. - imprimer
  • Inventing the Future, Tim O'Reilly, O'Reilly Network, Apr. 9, 2002. - - print - other URL - print - see also We can work it out , Steve Gillmor, InfoWorld, April 5, 2002. - print
  • Web standards: Why MS and IBM can't be trusted, David Morgenstern, AnchorDesk, April 17, 2002. - the Internet is already awash with "a hodgepodge of standards that can metamorphose overnight into a totally new animal at the owner's whim and put your long-term developments out of business. - print
  • IBM drops Internet patent bombshell, David Berlind, Enterprise, April 16, 2002. - IBM patent claim could threaten royalty-free access to a key Internet standard protocol backed by the United Nations. The standard--called ebXML--is an XML-based set of definitions for electronic transactions and business collaboration. ... It would be unfair of IBM if they decided to charge fees on something which was essentially the collaborative effort of many, many people. ...It doesn't make sense for them to spend years and years donating to ebXML and then make it so nobody can use it. - print
  • Comment: Will Microsoft use its licence to kill? Guy Kewney, IT Week, 08-04-2002. - if you are on a machine that isn't running Windows XP, you can't remotely control one which is, unless you buy XP licences for both. - print
  • Migrer son parc bureautique sous Linux avec CrossOver Office ? Possible, mais... François Morel, JDNet, 9 avril 2002. - Si vous possédez déjà des licences Office dans le cadre d'un parc bureautique que vous voulez faire migrer de Windows vers Linux, l'alternative CrossOver Office s'avère intéressante puisque vous n'aurez pas à repayer deux fois leur prix à Microsoft. "le vrai marché pour CodeWeavers est celui de la migration des applications métiers." - print
  • Présidentielle 2002 - questions de science Kha Dinh et Catherine Dubuit, Info Science, avril 2002. -
  • Questions aux candidats à la présidence de la République Agence pour la Protection des Programmes, 12 avril 2002. - six questions concernant la brevetabilité des logiciels et la redevance pour copie privée
  • Andreessen: Copy protection efforts are doomed, Dawn C. Chmielewski, Mercury News, Apr. 09, 2002. - "If a computer can see it, display it and play it -- it can copy it" - print
  • Microsoft Has Shelved Its Internet 'Persona' Service, John Markoff, The New York Times, April 11, 2002. - - print
  • LinuxPR: DemoLinux 3.0.1 is Now Shipping from LinuxCentral, Linux Today, Apr 11, 2002. - we included highly demanded tools like ssh (which is downloaded on the fly and not pre-installed, due to legal reasons)
  • Red Hat bitten by Linux's low cost Christina Dyrness, News Observer, April 10, 2002. - Company's revenue falls, even as it takes on big clients. Red Hat now has 90 percent of its 630 employees working to lure corporations looking to move their computing platform from Unix operating system to Linux, widely considered to be the more cost-effective choice. - print
  • Brevets logiciels, e-Administration, innovation, haut débit : les positions des candidats sur ces 4 points, Rédaction, 01 Informatique, 10/04/2002. - Le RPR considère qu'il faut pouvoir breveter les logiciels. - imprimer
  • Meeting Challenges and Surviving Success: 2nd Workshop on Open Source Software Engineering ICSE 2002, Orlando, FL, USA from May 19-25, 2002.
  • Kazaa: le logiciel clandestin Altnet défendu par son éditeur, Yahoo! Actualités, 8 avril 2002. -
  • Peer-to-peer: Kazaa et consorts sur la brèche Yahoo! Actualités, 8 avril 2002. -
  • Alliance stratégique entre les créateurs du DivX et du MP3 Gwendolyn Mariano, CNET News.com et Estelle Dumout , ZDNet France, 5 février 2002. - - print
  • Piratage: Divx Networks poursuit sa quête de respectabilité, Gwendolyn Mariano, CNET News.com, 5 avril 2002. - Divx Networks et l'institut Fraunhofer demeurent confiants dans leur capacité commune à développer un système de gestion des droits numériques. - print
  • Windows Media configuré pour chasser la copie sur les baladeurs, John Borland, CNET News.com, 5 avril 2002. - Liquid Audio a annoncé mardi 2 avril avoir déposé un brevet concernant sa propre technologie antipiratage destinée aux périphériques portables. - print
  • IBM met à jour son système anticopie pour protéger textes, images et vidéos, Margaret Kane, CNET News, 8 avril 2002. - d'ici 12 à 18 mois, la gestion et la protection de médias riches sera un problème important à résoudre - print
  • MS Office for Linux? Not quite--but close!, David Coursey, ZDNN April 8, 2002 CodeWeavers's CrossOver Office eliminates the need for either a Windows emulator or a license to run the Windows operating system. Using pieces of WINE (Wine Is Not an Emulator) as well as some original programming, the software lets you run Office 97 and Office 2000, as well as Lotus Notes, on top of Linux. A clause in the Office XP End-User License Agreement, which stipulates that Office XP be used only on top of a Microsoft operating system - print
  • Microsoft prohibits GPLed work via licensing of CIFS standards, Andy Tai, advogato, 4 Apr 2002. - against the GPL, Microsoft is trying a new tactic, a combination of patent claims and licensing of technical standards. ... an interesting use of patents to kill free software through denial of interoperability ... thank you MS for this example - MS license with frame context - slashdot
  • Super Audio CD : le successeur du CD arrive Stéphane Long, 01net, 03/04/2002. - un système anticopie interdisant la lecture des disques sur les ordinateurs. ... un filigrane introduit lors du pressage des disques. Il s'agit d'un ensemble de cuvettes microscopiques gravées à la surface du disque. Les lecteurs SACD repèrent les copies illégales, dépourvues de ce filigrane. - imprimer
  • Contrefaçon : Microsoft souffle son texte à Jospin, Guillaume Bonjean, ZDNet France, 10 mars 2001. - Chez Microsoft France, la lutte anti-piratage suppose une « influence auprès des pouvoirs publics » et une « action proactive sur la presse », si l'on en croit un mémo interne - print
  • Le grand manitou de la lutte contre le cyberterrorism Yves Eudes, Le Monde, 4 avril 2002. - il confirme l'existence d'une collaboration étroite entre le géant du logiciel, le Pentagone et les services secrets : "Je pense que la prochaine version [de Windows] sera nettement supérieure aux précédentes, du moins s'ils intègrent tout ce dont nous avons discuté avec eux." - imprimer
  • Economic Development Is Threatened by a Bill That Attempts to Circumvent State Sovereign Immunity under Federal Intellectual Property Statutes., Louisiana State University, March 20, 2002. - Supporters of the bill are believed to include its author, Sea. Leahy, certain content providers, the Patent and Trademark Office, the Copyright Office, and the American Bar Association.
  • Faites ce que dis..mais pas ce que je fais, IE et Infoguerre, 3 avril 2002. le lancement de "Nousavonslasolution.com" fait partie d'une campagne de promotion commune de Unisys et Microsoft ... Trop dur Linux ? Pas pour les ingénieurs de la société Microsoft en tout cas?puisque Hotmail entre autre tourne également sous Apache et BSD.
  • Microsoft's anti-Unix site crashes, Nick Farrell, VNUnet, 03-04-2002. - It was revealed on Monday that www.wehavethewayout.com was powered by Unix kit and that, when Microsoft switched it to Internet Information Server software on Tuesday, the site crashed completely. - print - wehavethewayout - wehavethewayin
  • High-profile anti-Unix site runs Unix, Mike Ricciuti, CNET News.com, April 1, 2002. - A Web site sponsored by Microsoft and Unisys as a way to steer big companies away from the Unix operating system is itself powered by Unix software. - and it is not even an April fool joke. - slashdot
  • NEC veut quintupler les revenus tirés de ses brevets, Reuters, Yahoo! Actualités, 2 avril 2002. - détient 68.509 brevets. Il en tire des revenus de 10 milliards de yens par an actuellement. ... environ 85 millions d'euros.
  • The ghost is out of the bottle HERO, 2002 Haank admitted that the publishers had been slow to respond to the challenge of open-access. Derk Haank remarked: "The ghost is out of the bottle. How will we get it back in?" - print
  • Not Pleading Poverty Interview of Elsevier, Richard Poynder, Information Today, Volume 19, Issue 4, April 2002. - Elsevier Science chairman Derk Haank addresses industry and end-user issues ... You can put your paper on your own Web site if you want. I believe we have the most liberal copyright policy available.
  • Aide au développement des ressources multimédias Bulletin Officiel de l'Education Nationale, Spécial N°9 du 10 août 2000. - Les ressources multimédias pédagogiques ... doivent notamment : * Permettre une utilisation sur les systèmes d'exploitations les plus usuels (windows PC, Mac OS, Linux) ; * Respecter les normes et les standards ouverts de l'Internet. ... Le dispositif favorisera, dans cet objectif, des réalisations structurées sur la base d'un programme de type "logiciel libre", ou/et ... - Liste des produits multimédias éducatifs autorisés à utiliser la marque semi-figurative RIP
  • Linux et les logiciels libres au coeur du système d'information de l'éducation nationale, Dossier de presse, Ministère de l'éducation nationale, 26 mars 2002. - le système d'exploitation le plus couramment utilisé au sein des services académiques ... pour obtenir le label " reconnu d'intérêt pédagogique ", un produit doit prendre en compte le système Linux comme tout autre système d'exploitation. ... L'éducation nationale participe directement à l'évolution et la promotion des logiciels libres - EOLE - SLIS
  • Stallman: Patents victimize developers, Matt Loney, ZDNet (UK), March 28, 2002. - patents are like the lottery because they only rarely bring benefits to people. Lotteries invite you to think about winning, never about losing, and it is the same with the patenting system. - print
  • Software Patents -- Obstacles to Software Innovation Richard M. Stallman, speech given at Cambridge University, 25th march 2002. - - audio and other speeches
  • Overture sues Google over search patent, Stefanie Olsen and Gwendolyn Mariano, CNET News.com, April 5, 2002. - Overture's patent infringement suit comes amid widespread criticism of so-called business method patents--a relatively new class of invention recognized by the U.S. Patent Office and the courts that has led to a flood of filings laying claim to nuts and bolts Internet activities. - print - Slashdot: Overture Sues Google Over Pay-for-Placement Patent - Patent 6,269,361
  • L'agonie de Napster se poursuit, alors que les majors du disque sont suspectées d'entente Antoine Jacob, Le Monde, 3 avril 2002. - - imprimer
  • Qui cherche quoi sur Internet ? Yves Mamou, Le Monde Economie, 3 avril 2002. - Ils utilisent principalement pour ce faire deux outils que sont yahoo.fr pour les annuaires (63,4 %) et google pour les moteurs de recherche (57,2 %). - imprimer
  • Le Décrypthon accélère la comparaison de 500 000 protéines grâce aux internautes ... mais les sources sont apparemment confidentiels. Curieux pour un projet communautaire. Hervé Morin, Le Monde, 30 mars 2002. - - imprimer
  • La "Grille", avenir lointain de la Toile, Stéphane Foucart, Le Monde, 20 mars 2002. - - imprimer
  • IPv6, le nouveau protocole d'Internet, Stéphane Foucart, Le Monde, 23 mars 2002. - - imprimer
  • Le dépôt légal du Web, terrain de compétition à la française, Hervé Morin, Le Monde (Aujourd'hui Sciences)), p 28, 6 avril 2002. - Les sites ".fr" représentent 1 à 2 % de la Toile, mais les "crawlers" (automates) ont constaté que 40 % d'entre eux étaient inaccessibles de façon automatique. Soit parce que les robots butent sur des barrières (robot.txt), soit parce qu'il faut remplir des formulaires, soit enfin parce qu'ils sont désorientés par des langages (java scripts) engendrant des adresses dynamiques. - imprimer
  • Internet cherche à se préserver de l'amnésie, Hervé Morin, Le Monde (Aujourd'hui Sciences)), p 28, 6 avril 2002. - Brewster Kahle, rejoint dans son initiative par nombre d'entreprises et d'institutions, a ouvert à tous les dix milliards de pages de ses archives. L'interface de son site, baptisée Wayback machine, permet de remonter le temps. ... le CNRS a créé, en octobre 2000, un Centre pour la communication scientifique directe (CCSD) - imprimer
  • La "redevance" numérique inquiète les industriels de l'électronique grand public, Yves Mamou, Le Monde Economie, 3 avril 2002. - une bonne douzaine de multinationales dont Philips, Sony, Thomson... qui ont bâti des empires en Bourse en fournissant aux centaines de millions de ménages de la planète de puissantes machines à copier : imprimantes, magnétoscopes, magnétophones, cassettes et lecteurs enregistreurs de cassettes audio et vidéo, Compact Discs enregistrables, graveurs de CD. - imprimer
  • Il faut sauver le programmeur Skliarov, Yves Eudes, Le Monde (Horizons), p 15, 6 avril 2002. - en théorie, un e-book sécurisé par Adobe ne peut être ni dupliqué, ni redistribué, ni modifié. On ne peut même pas le prêter à un ami, car il est lisible uniquement sur l'ordinateur ayant servi à le télécharger. ... Les hackers savent déjouer ces protections. ... Les Etats-Unis veulent faire la police sur le Net sans tenir compte des frontières nationales - ... à replacer dans le contexte du traité de l'OMPI de 1996, des legislations dérivées et de la copie privée. imprimer
  • Steve Ballmer: Kein Tänzchen an der Leine, Detlef Borchers, Heise online, 12.03.2002. - Überlegungen zur Unterstützung freier .NET-Implementationen wie Mono erteilte Ballmer eine Absage: "Wir haben so viele Millionen in .NET gesteckt, wir haben so viele Patente auf .NET, die wir pflegen wollen." - print
  • Copie privée et supports numériques: reprise des hostilités en juillet Christophe Guillemin, ZDNet France, 15 mars 2002. - une distinction est faite, pour l'instant, entre les disques durs d'ordinateurs et ceux des baladeurs [...] et des futurs décodeurs. [Les représentants] des consommateurs sont souvent absents, car étant bénévoles ils ont certaines contraintes professionnelles. «... doublement du prix d'un disque dur, ce qui va fortement augmenter le tarif des décodeurs» ... Comme Sony, Vivendi joue sur les deux tableaux. - print
  • All Questions Answered, Donald Knuth, Notices of the AMS, Vol 49, Nb 3, pp 318-324 (see p 324), March 2002. - I was trained in the culture of mathematics, so I'm not used to charging people a penny every time they use a theorem I proved. But I charge somebody for the time I spend telling them which theorem to apply. It's okay to charge for services and customization and improvement, but don't make the algorithms themselves proprietary. - *.ps - mirror
  • Cal Senator: Hollywood Over Tech, Declan McCullagh, Wired News, March 15, 2002. - about SSSCA: "The marketplace, not Congress, should find an answer." A version of the SSSCA [...] prohibits creating, selling or distributing "any interactive digital device that does not include and utilize certified security technologies." ... Killing again Alan Turing. - 2 - print
  • A Open letter to Jack Valenti and Michael Eisner Kevin Marks, 5 Mar 2002. - Turing's Universal Machine means that you cannot have a software or hardware protection scheme that is secure. ... the answer is to forbid universal Turing machines. see The Information Producers Initiative.
  • HR Management with mySAP HR and Linux, Dietmar Schaffarczyk, SAP Info, 04.03.2002. - Linux was ideal, thanks to its stability and flexibility at application server level. When combined with Primecluster, Linux is extremely scalable. - print
  • Miguel de Icaza on just about everything Interview, Linux and Main, 16 March 2002. - building this piece of proprietary software ensures that we get financing to develop more open source software.
  • Lawrence Lessig, pourfendeur des nouveaux monopoles du Net Pierre Bouvier, Le Monde, " ... la production de biens culturels est concentrée entre les mains de quelques groupes, essentiellement basés à Hollywood. Cela aboutit à une uniformisation et à une américanisation des mentalités" ... "Les entreprises utilisent ces droits [de propriété intellectuelle] et cherchent à en allonger la durée pour freiner les innovations qui ne rentrent pas dans le cadre de leur développement" - imprimer
  • Revolution OS The film about Linux and free software.
  • Les logiciels prochainement brevetables ? Jean-Philippe BAY, TF1 - LCI, 8 mars 2002. - - L'interview du directeur de l'office européen des brevets, 7mars 2002.
  • EU Commission Directive Proposal Unacceptable, The press release of the French Government on Software Patents directive proposal, March 1st 2002. - in several languages, html or PDF.
  • EU unveils new software patent proposal, Reuters, c-net, February 20, 2002. - same as Yahoo - print
  • Europe Offers Patent Proposal Reuters, Wired News, Feb. 20, 2002. - nearly same as Yahoo - print
  • Informations Générales, présentant communiqués et documents du SPECIS, Syndicat national professionnel d'Etudes, de Conseil, d'Ingénierie, d'Informatique et de Services (affilié FECTAM-CFTC).
  • Haut-débit et TV numérique pour combler le retard UE sur les USA et l'Asie, dt/mr eaf, Yahoo! Actualités, 22 février 2002. - Développer l'utilisation de l'internet en Europe par la formation, l'implantation du haut-débit et de la télévision numérique, et la création de contenus adaptés ... Ce dernier [président de Philips] a défendu, comme M. Liikanen, le besoin d'adopter une norme standard ouverte, garantissant l'interopérabilité ... avec l'aide des grands groupes industriels invités.
  • Directive brevets logiciels: les deux camps font leurs comptes, Jerome Thorel, ZDNet France, 22 février 2002. - «ils subsistent des ambiguïtés dans cette proposition de directive qui devait [pourtant] clarifier la situation» - imprimer - Yahoo
  • Polémique: l'ombre de BSA plane sur la directive européenne "brevets logiciels", Jerome Thorel, ZDNet France, 21 février 2002. - dans les "propriétés" du document Word, un nom apparaît comme "auteur" du document. Celui de Francisco Mingorance, directeur européen chargé de défendre le point de vue de la BSA - imprimer
  • Hollings Howls Will Have to Wait, Declan McCullagh, Wired News, March 30, 2002. - Notice how all the champions of Hollywood's copy-protect-everything legislation are Democrats? It's not unanimous, of course. Leahy is a Democrat, and one of the CBDTPA's sponsors is a Republican. But it's a pretty good rule of thumb. - 2 - print
  • Unisys, Microsoft to launch anti-Unix ads, Stephen Shankland, CNET News.com, March 28, 2002. - 18-month project - print
  • Dutch Court Clears Web Music Swapping, Reuters, New York Times, March 28, 2002. - the ruling came too late to save KaZaA, whose main assets were sold after the initial ruling last year to Australian company Sharman Networks. - print
  • Kazaa Is Legal, Dutch Appeals Court Rules, Hemos, Slashdot, March 28, 2002. - The software itself doesn't commit any illegal acts, it's the users that could do that, therefore the software is legal.
  • Lionel Jospin victime d'un "spam", Reuters, Yahoo!, 26 mars 2002. - diffusion d'un e-mail fantaisiste invitant en son nom à une présentation du programme de Lionel Jospi
  • Les étudiants et le piratage, Redaction (source Transfert), intelink, 23 03 2002. - « Mais la délation marche bien dans les pays anglo-saxons. Les pays latins ont plus de mal avec cette méthode. En aucun cas le BSA n´encourage la remontée d´informations ». Laurent Signoret, le représentant de Microsoft, met en avant la réduction de 70 % que propose aux étudiants sa société sur la suite Office. - imprimer
  • DemoLinux: A painless way to try Linux, Russell C. Pavlicek, NewsForge, March 26, 2002. - a feature-rich, simple Linux desktop environment with an absolute minimum of anxiety and hassle.
  • Anti-Copy Bill Slams Coders, Declan McCullagh, Wired News, March 22, 2002. - According to the CBDTPA, any software with the ability to reproduce "copyrighted works" may not be sold in the United States. Programmers could still create unapproved code on one computer. But they couldn't give it to anyone else or transmit it on a network. ... the CBDTPA would effectively erect an informational firewall around America. - 2 - print
  • Lionel Jospin : "Devenir l'économie numérique la plus dynamique d'Europe" Interview, Journal du Net, 21 mars 2002. - Mais ce qui importe surtout à mes yeux c'est que les outils de cette régulation ne soient pas accaparés par des intérêts privés, par exemple à travers des solutions techniques, et restent déterminés par des choix collectifs dans un cadre démocratique. ... La gauche a une vision plus globale des enjeux de l'internet, là où la droite y voit surtout un espace de marché. Le développement des entreprises de technologie est essentiel, mais la révolution des technologies de l'information va, dans ses conséquences, bien au-delà. Sur l'internet non marchand, sur le logiciel libre, sur la réduction du fossé numérique pour que l'internet soit accessible à tous ... la gauche est plus disposée à assumer pleinement les missions de l'Etat et à intervenir lorsque c'est nécessaire. - imprimer
  • Commentary: StarOffice is now more viable Michael Silver, Gartner - CNET News, March 21, 2002. - A decision by Sun Microsystems to charge for StarOffice 6.0 increases the viability of an office suite that has almost no installed base yet may still pose the greatest threat to Microsoft Office. - print - Sun Press release
  • StarSuite Begins Long Asian March Stephen E. Harris, ConsultingTimes, 18 December 2001. - Sun Opens Beijing Research Center and Signs OEM Agreements
  • ALERT: Oppose SSSCA; Support Intel's Bravery Electronic Frontier Foundation, March 8, 2002. - Civil liberties organizations and the general public were definitely not welcome at Senator Hollings' rights-management jamboree. - see the Digital Speech Project
  • Net oversight group sued by member Reuters, USA Today, 03/18/2002. - Karl Auerbach, a director of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, filed suit in Los Angeles to gain access to travel records, payroll figures, and other day-to-day details
  • >La brevetabilité du logiciel en questions, Patrick Vande Walle, Tageblatt (page 12), 20 mars 2002. - Quels intérêts l'Europe suivra-t-elle ? - >pdf
  • Ruling In Microsoft Lawsuit Cracks Windows Trademarks Steven Bonisteel, Newsbytes, Washington Post, 18 Mar 2002. - the ubiquity of the word in the computer world means the software giant could lose a trademark-infringement lawsuit against the Linux boosters at Lindows.com. - print
  • Conclusions de la Présidence Conseil Européen de Barcelone, 15 ET 16 MARS 2002. - Le brevet communautaire doit être un instrument souple et efficace, accessible aux entreprises à un prix abordable ... et les particuliers ? - alt
  • WIPO Director General meets President of Mauritania, WIPO press release, February 12, 2002. - Dr. Idris explained that WIPO's activities were of great relevance to Mauritania in its endeavor to promote social, economic and cultural development. ... superb example of neo-colonialism ... or lies, damn lies, and WIPO talk.
  • Piracy, or Innovation? It's Hollywood vs. High Tech, Amy Harmon, The New York Times, March 14, 2002. - Grove: "Is it the responsibility of the world at large to protect an industry whose business model is facing a strategic challenge?" - Jobs: "Unfortunately in many cases, fear is paralyzing Hollywood's ability to seize what I believe is an incredible opportunity." - print - see DigitalConsumer.org: Protecting fair-use rights in the digital world.
  • Lawmaker renews anti-copying criticism John Borland, CNET News.com, March 13, 2002. - "Copy-protection technologies will inevitably be defeated and the music on the CDs uploaded to the Internet. The (technology) gains the recording industry virtually no relief from Internet file-sharing. It does, however, seriously undermine the fair-use rights of consumers who lawfully acquire music." - print
  • Virtual System Configurator Server for Linux , Segal Harel (IL); Segal Uri (IL); Te Eni Moddy (IL), Patent application by ADUVA inc., 2001-12-06. -
  • Cost the key factor in pushing business to open source, John Lettice, The Register, 12/03/2002. -
  • Refuser l'extension en l'état du champ de la brevetabilité aux logiciels et aux méthodes intellectuelles et promouvoir les logiciels libres. La brevetabilité des logiciels constitue un non-sens économique qui gênerait le développement du secteur et freinerait l'innovation. Il est nécessaire d'organiser l'intéropérabilité des logiciels en permettant le développement et l'utilisation de logiciels compatibles avec les standards de communication de tout autre logiciel,y inconditionnellement et sans droits. ... L'essor des NTIC permet de poser le principe de l'accès gratuit en ligne à toute la littérature scientifique
  • Patent nonsense George Monbiot, The Guardian, Tuesday March 12, 2002. - Companies now demanding intellectual property rights were built up without them ... the only certain and consistent trend in global trade rules over the past 10 years has been the drift towards protectionism - print
  • Proposition de Directive Européenne sur les brevets logiciels, Documents collecté par Bernard Lang, février-mars 2002. - Documents officiels, positions politiques, commentaires et articles
  • Online Services Race To Create Single ID, Password for Internet Users Shelley Emling, CRM News (and E-Commerce Times), March 6, 2002. -
  • The First Mover Monopoly Michal Likhovski, Michael Spence and Michael Molineaux, Novembre 16, 2000. - A study on patenting business methods in Europe by Olswang and Oxford Intellectual Property Research Centre, St Peter's College, Oxford University
  • AOL embraces Linux and Mozilla, plans to drop MS Explorer, By Robin Miller, NewsForge.com, 11/03/2002. - the long-rumored AOL default browser switch from Microsoft's Internet Explorer to Mozilla -- or at least Mozilla's Gecko rendering engine -- is well under way. ... AOL is switching to Linux for the same reason most large companies make the change: to save money.
  • Open Source Security: Opportunity or Oxymoron? George Lawton, IEEE Computer, IT people have used open source security to some extent for about 15 years. Now, there is increasing interest in the use of these tools by larger companies, a growing body of security consultants, and service providers that can tailor the software for specific users - Current Open Source Projects - print
  • Linux in Hollywood: A Star Is Born, Michael Macedonia, US Army Stricom, IEEE Computer, February 2002 (Vol. 35, No. 2, pp. 112-114). - Name a motion picture from the past year or two that featured stunning animation or dazzling special effects, and chances are the film?s producers used Linux-based computers
  • Net law expert slams domain dispute process Kieren McCarthy, The Register, 07/03/2002. - The Planck Institute second conclusion states: "It was however confirmed that considerable differences exist with respect to the outcome of decisions handed down by eResolution Panels on one hand and NAF and WIPO Panels on the other."
  • Is Linux really ready for the enterprise? Todd R. Weiss, Computerworld, February 1, 2002. - - print
  • Un monde hollywoodisé Robert Guédiguian, Le Monde (Horizons Débats), p 18, 7 mars 2002. - A 85 %, les salles de cinéma de notre planète sont occupées par des films américains. - imprimer
  • Manuscrits bouddhiques et dessins patrimoniaux Pierre Le Hir, Le Monde (Sciences), p 28, 7 mars 2002. - Les responsables de l'institution s'interrogent donc sur l'opportunité de faire payer, à terme, certains services aux utilisateurs de la bibliothèque en ligne Gallica. - imprimer
  • Le Trésor de la langue française consultable en ligne, Pierre Le Hir, Le Monde (Sciences), p 28, 7 mars 2002. - ... à quel prix ? - imprimer
  • La BNF numérise ses collections rares pour les mettre en valeur, Pierre Le Hir, Le Monde (Sciences), p 28, 7 mars 2002. - - imprimer
  • Les faiblesses de la recherche française pointées par les experts de l'OST, Pierre Le Hir, Le Monde (Sciences), p 27, 6 mars 2002. - "Depuis le début des années 1990, note l'OST, les positions technologiques de la France, mesurées par le dépôt de brevets, se dégradent de manière persistante." ... oui, mais que mesurent les dépots de brevets ?- imprimer
  • Haut-débit et TV numérique pour combler le retard UE sur les USA et l'Asie, dt/mr eaf, Yahoo! Actualités, 22 février 2002. - Développer l'utilisation de l'internet en Europe par la formation, l'implantation du haut-débit et de la télévision numérique, et la création de contenus adaptés ... Ce dernier [président de Philips] a défendu, comme M. Liikanen, le besoin d'adopter une norme standard ouverte, garantissant l'interopérabilité ... avec l'aide des grands groupes industriels invités.
  • La position française sur la directive européenne des brevets logiciels est diversement appréciée Jerome Thorel, ZDNet France, 5 mars 2002. - «N'oublions pas que nous sommes en période électorale, que certains candidats ont par démagogie inscrit dans leur programme des positions faciles, relevant d'un certain snobisme intellectuel, et que de telles déclarations ne peuvent être déconnectées de ce contexte»
  • Commission, brevets et tractations, Edgar Pansu, Transfert, 22 février 2002
  • Sur le projet de directive visant à légaliser les brevets logiciels en Europe. Noël Mamère, Communiqué de presse, 28 février 2002. - Modifier substantiellement la loi par le biais d'une pseudo-jurisprudence, c'est violer la Constitution de la Vème République qui spécifie précisément que cette latitude n'appartient qu'au Peuple. L'accepter serait une forfaiture.
  • Pierret prend position sur les brevets Edgar Pansu, Transfert, 4 mars 2002. - - imprimer
  • Owning the Future, Seth Shulman, Technology Review, March 2002. - What tree huggers can teach us about the public domain of ideas. - print
  • The Death of Digital Rights Management? Wade Roush, Technology Review, March 2002. - A classic chicken-and-egg question: is the digital rights management industry hampered by a failing market, or are e-books floundering for want of better digital-rights technology? - PRINT
  • Intellectual property under fire at the WCIT 2002, Jeanne-Vida Douglas, ZDNet Australia, March 1, 2002. - Carlos Braga, senior manager of the Informatics program for the World Bank, called for business to confront issues surrounding IP and the distribution of ideas. "The notion that intellectual property rights can be equated with physical property rights is wrong, and it is stifling innovation," Gage said. "We are seeing an extraordinary concentration of the power of copyright holders, who are being granted the right to veto innovation," Lessig said.
  • Judge Saris defers GNU GPL Questions for Trial in MySQL vs. Progress Software Press release, FSF, March, 1, 2002. - MySQL "seems to have the better argument".
  • End of the line for free Web? Abid Ali and Mayanna Dietz, CNN, March 2, 2002. - "Norway's experiment might be successful because it would be difficult to find local language content for Norwegians elsewhere" - print
  • U.S., Microsoft Clarify Provisions of Settlement, Jonathan Krim, Washington Post, March 1, 2002. - ... definition of "middleware," which are computer applications that carry out tasks such as Web browsing or downloading digital video and audio files.... [but] Once Microsoft stops distributing a middleware program separately, and fully integrates it into the operating system, the company is not required to disclose its software code. - print
  • Emergence of Communication Networks Peter R. Monge and Noshir S. Contractor, in Jablin, F. M., & Putnam, L.L. (Eds.) Handbook of Organizational Communication, October 1998. -
  • Ralph Nader wants Microsoft to pay, Reuters, c-net, January 7, 2002. - Ralph Nader has called for Microsoft to start paying dividends to investors, saying the software giant's $36 billion cash pile amounts to an illegal tax shelter for wealthy shareholders such as Chairman Bill Gates. - print
  • La protection contre les virus est-elle encore possible ? Roland Garcia (Microtec Toulouse), Sécurité Informatique (CNRS), numéro 38, février 2002. - Pratiquement tous les programmes malveillants pour Linux exploitent des failles dans ce système d'exploitation et démontrent son incapacité à résister aux menaces actuelles et futures.
  • Sinking the Proposal for a Directive on Software Patents, Karl-Friedrich Lenz, University Aoyama Gakuin, Tokyo, March 2002. - the overwhelming majority of opponents to software patents will find a way to deal with corporations who try to use software patents, even if the law does not stop them.
  • Act on inventions at public research institutions, Margrethe the Second, Denmark, Act No. 347 of 2 June 1999. - research results produced by means of public funds shall be utilized for the Danish society through commercial exploitation.
  • Brevets logiciels : menace sur l'innovation Carine Niot, Indexel, 28/02/2002. - Le choix de l´Europe en acceptant la brevetabilité des logiciels est de s´aligner sur la loi américaine. "Ceci va totalement à l´encontre de l´identité européenne. Notre industrie logicielle est très innovante, et c´est notre chance d´obéir au régime de la propriété intellectuelle. Mais cette chance n´est visiblement pas comprise ", regrette Jean-Noël de Galzain. - imprimer
  • Microsoft's Mundie slams Liberty at WCIT, Jeanne-Vida Douglas, ZDNet Australia, February 28, 2002. - "Rather than form a federation with Microsoft and work with what we had already created, there was this notion that the world should be offered an alternative," Mundie said. (should there be an alternative to God ?) - print
  • Content Spat Split on Party Lines, Declan McCullagh and Robert Zarate, Wired News, March 1, 2002. - Republicans appeared much more skeptical of the SSSCA -- which is, after all, championed by a Democratic committee chairman -- and argued legislation would be too interventionist. - 2 - print
  • Why Linux will prevail, Don Soegaard, News.com, February 26, 2002. - Currently, over a dozen offices suites are competing unnecessarily, as each follows the same self-limiting approach. Let's completely modularize each tool function (such as layout, fonts, kerning, textures, linking, math and tables) and make each a separate interactive GUI tool.
  • Lettre sur le brevet logiciel, Donald Knuth
  • Logiciel libre : les politiques s'en mêlent Xavier Molenat, Presidentielles.net, 26/02/02. - le gouvernement Jospin a eu une politique attentiste ... Alain Joyandet (RPR): « ... empêcher à tout prix le brevet, c'est empêcher aux gens de créer des logiciels, de créer des emplois et de l'activité. C'est un peu comme si on avait empêché Bill Gates de créer Windows ...»" Plus con que cela, tu meurs.
  • Le W3C publie une nouvelle version de son règlement relatif aux brevets, W3C, Communiqué de presse, 26 février 2002. - Cette version, prônant le mode "libre", a été écrite en fonction des réactions de la communauté Web et des membres du W3C - english
  • Haut-débit et TV numérique pour combler le retard UE sur les USA et l'Asie AFP (dt/mr eaf), Yahoo! Actualités Multimédia, 22 février 2002. - besoin d'adopter une norme standard ouverte, garantissant l'interopérabilité, comme le MHP (Multimedia Home Platform) qui pourrait devenir le GSM de la télévision numérique.
  • Philips moves to put 'poison' label on protected audio CDs, John Lettice, The Register, 18/01/2002. - CDs including anti-copying technology should bear what is effectively a plague warning. ... he company would be building CD burners that can read and burn copy protected CDs. He argues that the protection system is not a protection system as such ... not covered by the DMCA
  • Row erupts over European patent plan, Matt Loney and Jerome Thorel , ZDNet (UK), February 21, 2002. - The European Commission's directive on software patents has come under severe criticism for bowing to the needs of big business at the expense of small software developers and consumers - print
  • Pourquoi Auchan migre ses serveurs d'infrastructure vers une architecture 100% Open Source, Crochet Damais, JDNet, 25 fvrier 2002. - Un déploiement sur 250 implantations ... une interface intègre des outils de prise en main à distance couvrant installation, configuration et mise à jour. ... le projet devrait permettre à Auchan de réduire son buget "mises à jour logicielles" -et d'éliminer notamment la fameuse Customer Access Licence (CAL) de Microsoft - imprimer
  • The economic impact of the packaged software industry on the combined economies of sixteen European countries Datamonitor, for Microsoft. - access
  • Bruxelles veut imposer un brevet pour les logiciels, Rafaële Rivais, Le Monde, 26 février 2002. - - imprimer
  • L'évaluation des politiques publiques et les indicateurs du développement durable Philippe Duron, Rapport Assemblée Nationale N° 3594, 12 février 2002. -
  • Une directive contre le logiciel européen, Communiqué de presse, AFAS, l'AFUA, AnShare, Europe Shareware et le RUSh, 21/02/2002. - brevets logiciels s'opposent par nature au shareware
  • Sécurité des logiciels libres - Haute disponibilité, Eric Bérenguier, EADS SYCOMORE (pour CELAR) - REF. 00-176/200000633- V 1.0 DU 30/06/2000. -
  • Kitetoa condamné pour délit d'information sur une faille de sécurité, Jerome Thorel et Christophe Guillemin, ZDNet France, 19 février 2002. - Cette affaire oppose Kitetoa, une équipe de fouineurs infatiguables en quête de failles de sécurité dans les recoins des sites web publics, à la chaîne de magasins Tati, épinglée en mai 2000 pour avoir laissé en libre accès, à partir de son site Tati.fr, une base de données nominative de plus de 4000 internautes. - imprimer
  • Le PCRD, ou comment piloter la recherche publique des pays de l'union européenne de façon à s'assurer quélle ne servira à rien. JM Deux, 08 août 2001. - "recherche précompétitive", c'est-à-dire de recherche dont on s'assure quélle n'avantagera personne (et donc ne servira à personne...) ... dépenser 3 F d'argent public pour injecter in fine 1 F de subventions
  • Conclusion du Colloque " Les français et leur monnaie ", Intervention de M. Laurent Fabius, Ministre de l'Economie, des Finances et de l'Industrie, 18 février 2002. - l?Union européenne doit relever le défi de l'innovation. ... l'Union se fixe comme objectif à l'horizon 2010 de consacrer 3% de son PIB à la recherche et au développement. Le chiffre actuel est d'environ 1,8%. ... comme si ce n'était qu'une question de fric.
  • L'innovation logicielle remise en cause par la Commission européenne ? Marc Lemesle, JDNet, 21 février 2002. - Le manque de clarté des textes de la Communauté ne contribue pas à éclaircir le débat. - imprimer
  • bnetd project February 22, 2002. - we believe one of your customers is infringing Blizzard Entertainment's, a division of Vivendi Universal Games. Please immediately delete or disable access to this web page and remove its contents from view.
  • Microsoft : offensive sur le marché de la téléphonie mobile, Laurence Girard, Le Monde, 21.02.02. - l'arrivée du GPRS, puis celle du futur UMTS, fait une place de plus en plus grande au transfert de données. Ils visent pour l'instant le segment de marché des appareils hybrides, à la fois ordinateurs de poche (PDA) et téléphones mobiles. - imprimer
  • Cancers du sein: les Français s'opposent aux tests de Myriad Genetics, AFP, 22.02.02. - "Myriad Genetics a conclu des accords en Allemagne prévoyant l'envoi "obligatoire" aux Etats-Unis des échantillons d'ADN des personnes à haut risque", s'indigne-t-on à Curie. Ainsi, selon l'institut, "la firme pourrait se constituer l'unique banque de données génétiques dans le monde" et avoir "la maîtrise sans partage des principaux matériaux de recherche sur les gènes de prédisposition aux cancers du sein et de l'ovaire" et donc sur d'autres éventuels brevets. - imprimer
  • The patent trap: If Gnome gets Mono, Tina Gasperson, NewsForge, February 21, 2002. - From the "things that could happen if Mono is incorporated into Gnome" department: Intel, having gleefully taken advantage of the MIT licensing on Mono's class libraries, enforces its patents against every entity making use of its modifications, including the Gnome project, effectively shutting it down.
  • L'ébauche d'«e-gauche» des socialistes Florent Latrive, Libération, 22 février 2002. - ils préconisent un toilettage des lois sur la propriété intellectuelle.
  • Brevets: Bruxelles fait le jeu des grands éditeurs Philippe Crouzillacq, 01net, 20/02/2002. - en choisissant comme base de la future directive un concept aux contours aussi mal définis que « la contribution technique », Bruxelles pourrait ouvrir la voie à un contournement manifeste de la législation européenne - imprimer
  • EU Unveils 'Tougher' Software Patent Proposal, David Lawsky, Yahoo Technology - Reuters, Feb 20, 2002. - "It departs from what we had hoped to see," said Francisco Mingorance, director of European Public Policy for [BSA] ... some gall. - print - from C-net and print
  • Draft of the European directive on software patents according to Francisco Mingorance of BSA and comments by FFII. Alternates for Mingorance contribution: doc and pdf.
  • Eurolinux craint pour le logiciel, Edgar Pansu, Transfert, 20 février 2002 Pour le collectif Eurolinux, toutes les préventions affichées par la direction Marché Intérieur de Bruxelles ne sont que du vent et visent à légitimer une pratique extensive du brevet. - imprimer
  • Software Patents, UK Patent Office, Last updated 13 February 2002 "technological" rather than "technical" ... as they talk about the work of, say, an accountant as being "technical". in Illustrative Amendment of EPC Article 52 for Discussion Purposes
  • Business Software Alliance Writes European Regulations? Holger Blasum, SlashDot, February 20, 2002. - The European Commission's proposal for a directive on software patents making software patentable in Europe is announced today. MSWord's "Author" field suggests that it comes straight from the BSA's director of public policy.
  • La révolte des savants pour la libre publication F. N. -L., Le Figaro, 18 février 2002. - la revue Nature avait ouvert le débat sur son site. Il faut maintenant beaucoup de patience pour le trouver. ... ou pour comprendre le charabia du Figaro. - imprimer
  • Patents: Commission proposes rules for inventions using software, EC Press Release, Brussels, 20th February 2002 . - - alternate - full text in deutsch, english or french - faq in deutsch, english or french - Industrial Property
  • Justices to Review Copyright Extension, Linda Greenhouse, The New-York Times, February 20, 2002. - The issue is whether the Constitution's grant of authority to Congress to issue copyrights and patents "for limited times" to "promote the progress of science and useful arts" contains any real limitation on how that power is to be exercised. - print
  • Digital Rights - Background, Systems, Assessment, Commission Staff Working Paper, CEC, 14.02.2002. -
  • Tom Lord's Decentralized Revision Control System Timothy and Bruce Perens, Slashdot, February 05, 2002. - Tom Lord's arch revision control system is revolutionary.
  • The contribution of the packaged software industry to the European economies study by Price Waterhouse commissioned by the Business Software Alliance, May 1998 (produced April 12 1998).
  • Comments on the United States v. Microsoft Settlement, Provided to the Court on February 14, 2002. - 47 comments
  • Guerre ouverte contre le monopole des revues scientifiques Stéphane Foucart, Le Monde, 17-18 février 2002. - Associé à la Fondation Soros, '"Initiative de Budapest pour l'accès ouvert" (BOAI) revendique "l'accès libre à toute la littérature scientifique" et annonce son intention de libérer celle-ci du monopole des grands éditeurs. ... Les grands éditeurs vivent en quelque sorte sur une rente versée par les Etats - imprimer
  • Who Has The Key To Your Back Door? Paul Ferris, Linux Today, Sep 7, 1999. - Free Software is less privacy compromising for several reasons, usually relating to the fact that it's developed by the people for the people, and because no aspects can be hidden from public scrutiny.
  • Linux: Save Government Million$ Scott Billings, osOpinion, seen February 15, 2002. - When you think about the thousands, quite probably even millions of computers used by various govt. agencies, ...
  • Un nouvel élan pour la société de l'information Jean-Pierre Chevènement, La Tribune, 12/02/2002. - L'extension du domaine des brevets aux logiciels, absurdité économique qui handicaperait nos entreprises et freinerait le développement de ce secteur, doit être refusée.
  • Losing the war on patents, Damien Cave, Salon, Feb. 15, 2002. - One year later, BountyQuest's supposed patent-busting experiment appears to have itself gone bust. - 2 - 3 - all
  • The Boston Consulting Group/OSDN Hacker Survey Karim Lakhani, Bob Wolf and Jeff Bates, in coop. with OSDN, Release 0.3, January 31, 2002. - Who are the hackers that create all this great free software? How much time do they spend? Why do they do it? Where are they from? Do they think its sustainable? - html - pdf
  • A l'abordage des revues scientifiques Denis Delbecq, Libération, 14 février 2002. - Les signataires de l'appel de Budapest vont mettre les articles en accès libre.
  • Boost for research paper access Ivan Noble, BBC News Online, 14 February, 2002. - The literature that should be freely accessible online is that which scholars give to the world without expectation of payment - print
  • All Hail Creative Commons Stanford professor and author Lawrence Lessig plans a legal insurrection, Hal Plotkin, SF Gate, February 11, 2002. - Creative Commons will make available flexible, customizable intellectual-property licenses that artists, writers, programmers and others can obtain free of charge to legally define what constitutes acceptable uses of their work. Lessig adds that it's possible Creative Commons' licenses may eventually evolve to include options that permit or enable certain commercial transactions. - print
  • Guide d'installation et de configuration de Linux, Christian Casteyde, 2002. - YAGIL, Version 2.2.1 : un gros (442 pages) manuel d'introduction à Linux et son installation.
  • Cybercrime Bill Ups the Ante, Declan McCullagh, Wired News, Feb. 12, 2002. - Some forms of illegal hacking would be punished by life imprisonment under a proposal that Congress will debate - print
  • Who has more security problems? Linux Weekly News, february 7, 2002. - That is a total of 290 updates for 145 unique vulnerabilities. ... That is, of course, complete nonsense. ... and vulnerabilities concern also the numerous applications available with Linux (but not with Windows).
  • Controversy brews in Linux camp James Middleton, VNUNet, 04-02-2002. - because the overall bugs in Linux are counted on aggregate, and all Linux distributions essentially use the same kernel, certain bugs are being counted more than once.
  • Windows more secure than Linux? James Middleton, VNUNet, 04-02-2002. - aggregated distributions of the Linux operating system suffered 96 vulnerabilities while Windows NT/2000 suffered only 42. ... they should sum up vulnerabilities of each individual installation, to get a bigger number.
  • Bill Gates en remet une couche Florent Latrive et Laurent Mauriac, Libération, 08 février 2002. - Malgré le procès antitrust en cours depuis trois ans, Microsoft persiste dans sa volonté de fusionner ses produits avec Windows.
  • Entretien à contre-courant avec Bill Gates, fondateur de l'«empire» Microsoft, dont l'omnipotence inquiète autorités politiques et utilisateurs., Florent Latrive et Laurent Mauriac, Libération, 08 février 2002. - Si Microsoft est si populaire, c'est par sa capacité d'innovation. Il est toujours possible pour une autre entreprise de s'installer si nous ne continuons pas à faire ces progrès.
  • Les logiciels libres & GNU/Linux, Erwan Le Disez, v1.0 fev 2002. - Introduction.
  • Softman v. Adobe: What it Means for the Rest of Us Don Marti, Linux Journal Industry Briefs, November 22, 2001. - The Court understands fully why licensing has many advantages for software publishers. However, this preference does not alter the Court's analysis that the substance of the transaction at issue here is a sale and not a license," Judge Pregerson writes. If you put your money down and walked away with a CD, you bought that copy, EULA or no EULA.
  • Open Source on the Business Desktop - A Real-World Analysis, Adam Wiggins, TrustCommerce, January 23, 2002. - "Microsoft-free office" a look at various solutions and tools - 2
  • Le logiciel libre et son gourou, en vedette américaine à Porto Alegre, Stéphane Mandard, Le Monde, 6 février 2002. - A Porto Alegre, la bataille est déjà lancée : non seulement les logiciels propriétaires sont strictement interdits dans toute administration publique, mais en outre la centaine d'ordinateurs de la salle de presse fonctionnent tous sous Linux ! - imprimer
  • Changer les règles du Net, c´est tuer la poule aux oeufs d´or, Edgar Pansu, Transfert, 18 janvier 2002. - la valeur d´un standard tient beaucoup plus au nombre de ses utilisateurs qu´à la qualité des techniques utilisées. - imprimer
  • Lessig was well and alive in Paris, Edgar Pansu, Transfert, 4 février 2002. - Ce gourou de l´Internet a déjà fait mouche en ébauchant une théorie de la régulation du Net. Aujourd´hui, il s´attaque à la conception juridique étriquée défendue par les entreprises qui souhaitent tout y contrôler. ... " le droit ne régit pas tout " ... " C´est la ?stupidité? d´un réseau ne sachant pas ce qu´il transportait qui a favorisé l´innovation " - imprimer
  • Property, Commons, and the First Amendment: Towards a Core Common Infrastructure Yochai Benkler, NYU School of Law, 22 may 2001. - - Une analyse de l'infrastructure générale technique, réglementaire et légale de la société de l'information à ses différents niveaux. L'analyse se situe dans le cadre juridique américain (fair use, premier amendement), mais s'applique pour l'essentiel à la situation européenne, quélle traite parfois de façon spécifique. Les suggestions de politiques sont pragmatiques et révolutionnaires à la fois, en ce quélles transcendent les clivages idéologiques traditionnels en proposant une mixture créative de déréglementation et d'action publique directe. [Philippe A]
  • The Great Giveaway, NewScientist.com, One reason for doing so is that by releasing it under a copyleft, we can print the recipe for OpenCola without violating its copyleft. If nothing else, that demonstrates the power of the copyleft to spread itself. But there's another reason, too: to see what happens. To my knowledge this is the first magazine article published under a copyleft. ... doubtful
  • Open Season: Is Linux China Bound? Sam Williams, Upside Today (Open Season), January 12, 2000. - "As you know, free software is about freedom. Freedom is not something that be imposed, it can only be chosen. - 2 - all
  • AOL in Negotiations to Buy Red Hat, Alec Klein, Washington Post, January 19, 2002. - An even graver challenge to Microsoft would be for AOL Time Warner to develop a rival operating system that works exclusively with the media giant's own Internet service provider, its Web browser or proprietary content. - print
  • Le Net menacé par la technique Edgar Pansu, Transfert, 15 septembre 2000. - Le Net pourrait devenir un instrument de régulation très performant dans la mesure où l'ensemble du cyberespace repose sur une architecture informatique. introduction aux thèses de Lessig. - imprimer
  • Philips moves to put 'poison' label on protected audio CDs, John Lettice, The Register, 18/01/2002. - CDs should clearly inform users that they are copy-protected, and they shouldn't use the "Compact Disc" logo. ... Philips would be building CD burners that can read and burn copy protected CDs. ... contend that the protection systems are not covered by the Digital Millenium Copyright Act (DMCA)
  • BMG to replace anti-rip Natalie Imbruglia CDs, Tony Smith, The Register, 19/11/2001. - Midbar's Cactus Data Shield prevents the disc from being played in a PC CD-ROM drive ... music fans who have already bought the CD can have their Cactus disc replaced for a rippable one.
  • Open Corporations: DRAFT 2, Michael Bauer, visited January 18, 2002. - Can you create scalable open source business models that support a broader open source developer base?
  • Les petits pays réticents aux OGM subissent de fortes pressions de Washington Hervé Kempf, Le Monde (International), p 4, 15 janvier 2001. - ... de plus petits Etats, sur lesquels Washington n'hésite pas à faire pression pour leur faire accepter les produits transgéniques. - imprimer
  • La Chine engage une épreuve de force avec les Etats-Unis sur l'importation de soja génétiquement modifié, Frédéric Bobin, Le Monde (International), p 4, 15 janvier 2001. - la Chine s'est lancée depuis plus de quinze ans dans un ambitieux programme de recherche biotechnologique impliquant plus de 2 000 scientifiques. - imprimer
  • Stanco champions Free Software at World Bank, Tony Stanco, NewsForge, January 15, 2002. - Only Free Software allows each country to have its own software industry on an equal footing with everyone else ... a fully functional software industry represents the best way for developing countries to join the world economy,
  • Une technologie XML au coeur de querelles d'intérêts, Margaret Kane, CNET News / ZDNet.fr, 9 janvier 2002. - HP et Apple qui en refusent catégoriquement le principe [du RAND] - imprimer
  • Les reporters multiplient les actions et cherchent à travailler autrement, Michel Guerrin, Le Monde, 12 janvier 2002. - le groupe américain souhaite continuer à travailler avec des photographes, mais en rompant le lien salarial - imprimer
  • Les grandes agences photo au bord de l'implosion, Michel Guerrin, Le Monde, 12 janvier 2002. - Göksin Sipahioglu, en 1998, avait refusé, contre une somme folle, de vendre son bébé à Corbis : "Un banquier gère une agence ; moi, je vis dedans, je ne pense qu'à ça sept jours sur sept." - imprimer
  • Les licenciés de Corbis exposent et se mobilisent, Michel Guerrin, Le Monde, 12 janvier 2002. - Henri Cartier-Bresson: "La compilation d'une banque d'images, aussi bien fournie quélle soit, n'égalera jamais un travail d'auteur. D'un côté, c'est une machine, de l'autre un être vivant et sensible. Corbis n'offre pas le choix." - imprimer
  • 11 Questions on software patentability issues in Europe and the US Philippe Aigrain, Prepared for the Software and Business Method Patents: Policy Development in the U.S. and Europe meeting, organised by the Center for Information Policy , University of Maryland on December 10, 2001. - an excellent discussion of issues.
  • Doubt cast over Web standard's ownership Margaret Kane, CNET News, January 3, 2002. - he RDF (Resource Description Framework) standard has been endorsed by the W3C. UFIL Unified Data Technologies, a private company, claims that it owns U.S. patent 5,684,985 - print
  • Réponses aux questionnaire adressé au Parti socialiste par l'hebdomadaire le Monde Informatique, Parti Socialiste, 10 janvier 2002. - Faudrait-il reconnaître la valeur d'un brevet sur le " 1-click buy " ou sur " les 35 heures ", comme l'AFUL en a déposé un il y a quelques mois ? !
  • Synthèse des propositions du Parti Socialiste pour l'internet et les technologies de l'information Parti Socialiste, 29 janvier 2002. - le droit à l'interopérabilité et le recours systématique aux systèmes ouverts doit faire l'objet d'une transcription dans notre droit, qui pourrait être de niveau législatif - les développements réalisés par ou pour les administrations devraient également être systématiquement placés sous licence libre - il est déterminant que les documents publiés et archivés par l'Etat recourent de plus en plus à des standards ouverts et pérennes -- tant qu'il n'est pas démontré quélle pourrait favoriser effectivement l'innovation, les socialistes considèrent que : - la brevetabilité du logiciel doit être refusée. - les dérives constatées dans le fonctionnement de l'Office européen des brevets (OEB) combattues. - rtf Le Projet socialiste
  • Rapport du groupe de travail RNTL sur le Logiciel Libre 14 novembre 2001. - Dans les différents domaines identifiés à la section 1 de ce document, le domaine des " outils " paraît devoir être celui où doit être favorisée l'émergence de standards ouverts sous forme de LL. En particulier, on veillera à favoriser des projets pour la constitution de patrimoines de données communes.
  • L'AEL interpelle le Premier Ministre Belge concernant l'EUCD AEL, 1er janvier 2002. - Aujourd'hui, nous commençons à voir les effets de ce type de legislation. Le "Digital Millennium Copyright Act" (DMCA) aux Etats-Unis ... bonne analyse, et references.
  • Intellectual Improprieties, Steve Ditlea, Scientific American, january 14, 2002. - A leading gadfly [Aharonian] picks some of the worst patents of all time
  • Linux au quotidien : Est-ce possible ? (v2.0) (1/11), Jerry, Clubic, 22/1/2002. - Un conparatif. - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - 7 - 8 - 9 - 10 - 11
  • Six dossiers capitaux Sylvain Siclier, Le Monde (Culture), p 27, 19 janvier 2002. - La durée de protection des droits des auteurs-compositeurs a été fixée à 70 ans après leur mort. Celle des artistes-interprètes et producteurs est fixée à 50 ans après la première fixation sur un support. Les professionnels demandent que les délais de protection soient harmonisés. Je suis pour: tous à 50 ans. - imprimer
  • Cette directive qui embarrasse la France Sylvain Siclier, Le Monde (Culture), p 27, 19 janvier 2002. - le projet de loi, dont certaines dispositions ont déjà été adoptées, ne retient pas certains éléments relatifs à la responsabilité des intermédiaires sur Internet. ... les professionnels du disque entendent bien faire un lobbying actif auprès des institutions européennes et françaises pour une révision de la loi - imprimer
  • Les traces informatiques, une arme pour traquer les réseaux de pédopornographie, Stéphane Foucart, Le Monde (Société), p 9, 19 janvier 2002. - - imprimer
  • Les réseaux pédophiles exploitent les failles d'Internet, Stéphane Foucart, Le Monde (Société), p 9, 19 janvier 2002. - Des programmes copiés sur Napster sont utilisés pour diffuser des images de pornographie enfantine. Pour les enquêteurs, le Web constitue néanmoins un nouveau moyen de traquer ceux qui exploitent les mineurs. - imprimer
  • Migrate With Confidence From Microsoft Windows NT, 2000, and XP to UNIX/Linux Jon C. LeBlanc, March 29, 1999, January 20, 2002. -
  • CIO: How to Run a Microsoft-Free Shop Scott Berinato, CIO Magazine, January 1, 2002. - you may have become overly dependent on Microsoft. Here's a handy 12-step program to cure your condition. - access
  • Internet Computers in the Enterprise, Jeff Bonforte, NIC, October 3, 2001. - Total Cost of Ownership Analysis for the Internet Computer
  • Linux TCO '80 Per Cent Lower Than Unix', James Middleton, VNUNet, 17-01-2002. - The IDC study found that it was between 45 percent and 80 percent cheaper to run Linux on Intel than it was to run Unix on Risc. - note - full white paper The Role of Linux in Reducing the Cost of Enterprise Computing from Red Hat
  • Open Source Research Community, Web Site Large collection of papers on free software, with abstracts.
  • 75% des entreprises satisfaites par l'utilisation des logiciels libres, Cyril Dhenin, JDNet, 17 janvier 2002. - 75% des entreprises sondées se déclarent "satisfaites sans hésitation" par les logiciels libres. Seulement 1% affirment regretter ce choix. ... pénurie de compétences (mentionnée par 49% des entreprises - imprimer
  • Think Twice, Red Hat Andy Oram, O'Reilly Network, Jan. 19, 2002. - Connectivity and content don't seem to be as synergistic as all the large corporations think they are. And that's a good thing, because the carrier and the message should be under separate control. ... I just think that Linux has more places to go than most of us now imagine. - print
  • AOL/Time Warner to buy Red Hat? mjs, kuro5hin, Jan 19th, 2002. - AOL's deep pockets could make a vast difference in Linux usability. ... wouldn't it be logical that one of Microsoft's demands in return [for concessions] would be for AOL to bury Red Hat
  • Black Hawk Download: Pirated Videos Thrive Online, Amy Harmon, The New York Times, January 17, 2002. - The major movie studios have filed a lawsuit accusing Nashville-based Streamcast Networks, the distributor of Morpheus, of contributing to copyright infringement. The studios and the major television networks have made the same charge against SonicBlue (news/quote), the maker of Replay. Why not sue the infringers ? - 2 - all
  • Le P2P ouvre la porte à la pornographie Marie-Andrée Amiot, La Presse, 17 janvier 2002. - No comment. imprimer
  • .Net vote rigging illustrates importance of Web services Peter Judge, ZDNet UK, 9th January 2002. - This is not the first time Microsoft has been caught using dubious practices.
  • Letting in Linux Greg Wilson, ITP (The Information & Technology Publishing Co. Ltd.), November 26, 2001. - By extending Linux to the desktop, Habib Bank is taking its use of the open source OS into unchartered territories, even by international standards. On a global scale Linux's penetration at the desktop level is estimated at just 1.5%. ...The extensive use of Linux has also helped the bank reduce its hardware expenditure. - 2 - print
  • Converting Pi to binary (DON'T DO IT!) Keith F. Lynch - alternate 1 - 2 - more
  • Education : Microsoft doit revoir sa copie Marc Geoffroy, Yahoo! Actualités, 15 janvier 2002. - Le juge a accordé aux détracteurs du projet [de Microsoft] qu'il pouvait être considéré comme "une tarification prédatrice approuvée par la justice"
  • Les premières pistes high-tech du programme électoral du PS, Florent Latrive, Libération, 15 janvier 2002. - Le candidat «probable» à la présidentielle s'opposera à la création de brevets sur les logiciels en Europe.
  • I.B.M. Is First Company to Collect Over 3,000 Patents in a Year Steve Lohr, The New York Times, January 10, 2002. - I.B.M. patents not only things it can manufacture and sell but also things that it knows may be useful to other companies. ... The trend has been criticized by industry analysts and scholars as a manifestation of short-sighted business competition that serves to inhibit innovation in the economy as a whole. - print - français - other article
  • Understanding Requirements for Developing Open Source Software Walt Scacchi, July 2001. -
  • Norway Indicts Teen Who Published Code Liberating DVDs, Press release, EFF, January 10, 2002. - On January 9, 2002, the Norwegian Economic Crime Unit (O/KOKRIM) charged Jon Johansen for creating software called DeCSS in 1999 when he was 15 years old. ... Johansen's prosecution marks the first time the Norwegian government has attempted to punish individuals for accessing their own property.
  • Les conséquences de l'évolution scientifique et technique dans le secteur des télécommunications, Pierre Laffitte, René Tregouet, Rapport d'Information 159 (2001-2002) - Office Parlementaire d'Evaluation des Choix Scientifiques et Technologiques, 20 décembre 2001. - - pdf - html
  • Who's Holding Back Broadband?, Lawrence Lessig, Washington Post, January 8, 2002; Page A17. - These experiments in innovation are now over. They have been stopped by lawyers working for the recording industry. ... innovation and growth in broadband have been stifled as courts have given control over the future to the creators of the past. - print
  • Défense et illustration des Logiciels Libres et de la liberté de l'enseignement Pierre B. Jarret, Version 13/01/2002. -
  • Création en France d'un comité contre les monopoles technologiques, AFP, Multimédium, 10 janvier 2002. - Le champ d'action du Comité, qui a «vocation à s'internationaliser», dépasse «largement celui des organisations de défense des logiciels libres»,
  • HANCOM and Korean government stepped into Linux desktop mainstream Press release, Hancom, January 9th, 2002. - 120K copies desktop packages are to be supplied in this year by the contract between two parties ... This agreement is equivalent to 23% of the annual Microsoft Windows based PC procurement.
  • Une technologie XML au coeur de querelles d'intérêts Yahoo! actualités, 9 janvier 2002 le RDF (Resource Description Framework), viole le brevet Ufil Unified Data Technologies
  • Injunction against SuSE halts distribution Thomas C Greene, The Register, 08/01/2002. - After Samba and kIllustrator ... preliminary injunction against the name of the open-source-software in SuSE Linux distribution. (name is "Krayon", infringing "crayon") - Original article in Heise Online, 07.01.2002 : Gravenreuth gegen Linux-Distributor SuSE - Slashdot account
  • You're free to think Dave Winer, DaveNet, Nov 6, 2001. - If this scares you -- good. I think we've got a problem, and the government and Microsoft are not likely to help us.
  • Freedom to Think and Speak, Seth Johnson, Ubiquity, V. 2 N. 42, January 7, 2002. - Under Microsoft's Digital Rights Management operating system, the ability to use information freely will be policed at the most intricate level.
  • China's WTO entry boosts Linux, Matthew Broersma, ZDNet UK, 7th January 2002. - The Linux operating system is gaining ground in China at the expense of Microsoft's Windows - They sound as if a move to Linux were not legitimate. - print
  • Virus Writers Here to 'Help' Michelle Delio, Wired News, Jan. 7, 2002. - "Better that you find out about a hole in your system through my virus, than through some unethical cracker smashing into your machine and stealing all your so-called private data," ... anonymously releasing worms is safer than reporting vulnerabilities to the software manufacturers themselves. They fear that companies will respond to a bug report with counter-charges of hacking. - print
  • Killjoy Damien Cave, Salon, April 10, 2000. Technology is changing our world -- and we should be afraid! - 1 - 2 - 3
  • Code, Culture and Cash: The Fading Altruism of Open Source Development, David Lancashire, First Monday, V.6 N°12, December 3rd 2001. - The nexus of open source development appears to have shifted to Europe over the last ten years. This paper explains why this trend undermines cultural arguments about "hacker ethics" and "post-scarcity" gift economies. It suggests that classical economic theory offers a more succinct explanation.
  • Free Software/Free Science, Christopher M. Kelty, First Monday, V.6 N°12, December 3rd 2001. -
  • Free Software & GPL Society ---Interview with Stefan Merten Joanne Richardson, November, 2001. - Free Software and Open Source Software are not two movements, but a single movement with two factions. Free Software is outside of capitalism for the reasons: absence of scarcity and self-unfolding instead of the alienation of labor in a command economy.
  • Public money, private code, Jeffrey Benner, Salon, Jan. 4, 2002. - Would the creation of the Internet be allowed to happen today? Bill Hoskins (in charge of IP at U.C. Berkeley): "Whoever released the code for the Internet probably didn't understand what they were doing." ... Smarr: "But I don't think universities should be in the moneymaking business. They ought to be in the changing-the-world business, and open source is a great vehicle for changing the world." ... Beckman: "There are whole departments that create valuable new technology, and they can't get it out to the world because [the lab] is trying to make money off it." ... Beckman: "Seeking to control computer-science research by putting intellectual property concerns before the goal of good science has destroyed countless projects." ... Eisenberg: "You can make a clear case that research is being slowed by intellectual property claims." The trend at universities toward trying to profit from intellectual property began with the passage of the Bayh-Dole Act in 1980. Since 1980, university inventions licensed to the private sector under Bayh-Dole have spawned over 2,200 new companies that generate about $30 billion in economic activity every year. But ... taking privatization of the nation's intellectual property too far could stifle innovation and suffocate economic growth. - Commentaires
  • US6329919: System and method for providing reservations for restroom use IBM Patent - Is Montezuma after IBM ?
  • Coincidence, or is BSA's anti-piracy program really a Microsoft effort?, Ed Foster, InfoWorld, January 19, 2001. - Only a monopoly would think it can get away with treating its customers this way. ... another letter from Microsoft saying that my server/client ratio was out of the norm ... Angriest of all were some Microsoft resellers, because they felt the real piracy in all this was Microsoft helping SoftChoice steal their customers. - print
  • MS struggles to discredit Linux, Thomas C Greene, The Register, 02/01/2002. - The first wave will attack the perception that Linux is free. To that effect, we'll have an independent analysis commissioned by DH Brown ...
  • Linux growth underscores threat to Microsoft, Stephen Shankland, CNET News, February 28, 2001. - Microsoft still holds the lion's share of the server operating system market, but Linux shipments grew slightly faster than Windows did last year - print
  • This Time the Flavorade is Sweet, Robert X. Cringely, The Pulpit, July 15, 1999. - Linux is already taking what would have been at least $2 billion in annual sales away from Windows NT. Microsoft spokespeople have said as much, citing Linux as a major threat to NT
  • An OeE OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE policy document has been published for public consultation Check on http://www.govtalk.gov.uk/
  • UK GovTalk UK site for e-government. Conyains interesting sections such as RFC or interoperability
  • Analysis of the Impact of Open Source Software Julian Satchell, for UKgovtalk, december 11, 2001. - This paper examines how the OSS movement could impact the UK Government's policy towards the worldwide market in software infrastructure and software applications . - full report: pdf
  • Les dix nouveautés de Windows XP pour une informatique plus conviviale Michel Alberganti, Le Monde, 31 octobre 2001. - L'installation de Windows XP propose systématiquement de conserver le sytème d'exploitation existant déjà sur l'ordinateur. ... M. Alberganti a-t-il vérifié cela quand le système existant est Linux, ou bien fait-il de la publicité mensongère ? - imprimer
  • IBM risks billion dollar Linux strategy with W3C RAND demands, Andrew Orlowski, The Register, 04/10/2001. - Senior IBM server executives were horrified to learn yesterday that W3C standards may not in the future be royalty-free.
  • Will Linux survive the dot-com crash? Matthew Broersma, ZDNet (UK), January 2, 2002. - Patents would allow companies to sue if a competitor's software was functionally similar to theirs, regardless of the underlying code. - print
  • L'infosphère : stratégies des médias et rôle de l'État, Rapport du groupe présidé par Eric Baptiste, résumé, 1er mars 2000. - Le développement de l'infosphère revêt donc un intérêt stratégique en termes de politique industrielle. Dès lors, pour les pouvoirs publics, l'enjeu est d'accompagner les adaptations nécessaires en anticipant les transformations culturelles et sociales.
  • The Internet an International Public Treasure: A Proposal Ronda Hauben, First Monday, Vol. 3 No. 10- October 5th. 1998. - - L'Internet - Trésor Public International: Une Proposition
  • Linux, l'électron libre qui inquiète Microsoft Stéphane Foucart, Le Monde, 26 décembre 2001. - - statistiques - print
  • The LWN 2001 Linux Timeline
  • La Rétrospective Linux 2001 de LWN


    Références :   2007   -   2006   -   2005   -   2004   -   2003   -   2002   -   2001   -   2000   -   avant 2000   -   Droit d'auteur / Copyright   -   Brevets / Patents   -   delocalisation

    Citations, Picones et Drapeaux :     Citations     -     picones     -     drapeaux     -     sites

    Citations - Quotes


    Quotes on Software Patents by the League for Programming Freedom (variant)

    If nature has made any one thing less susceptible than all others of exclusive property, it is the action of the thinking power called an idea, which an individual may exclusively possess as long as he keeps it to himself; but the moment it is divulged, it forces itself into the possession of everyone, and the receiver cannot dispossess himself of it. Its peculiar character, too, is that no one possesses the less, because every other possesses the whole of it. He who receives an idea from me, receives instruction himself without lessening mine; as he who lights his taper at mine, receives light without darkening me.
    That ideas should freely spread from one to another over the globe, for the moral and mutual instruction of man, and improvement of his condition, seems to have been peculiarly and benevolently designed by nature, when she made them, like fire, expansible over all space, without lessening their density at any point, and like the air in which we breathe, move, and have our physical being, incapable of confinement or exclusive appropriation.
    Inventions then cannot, in nature, be a subject of property.
    Society may give an exclusive right to the profits arising from them, as an encouragement to men to pursue ideas which may produce utility, but this may or may not be done, according to the will and convenience of the society, without claim or complaint from any body.
    --- Thomas Jefferson, letter to Isaac McPherson, 1813, in Writings of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 6, H.A. Washington, Ed., 1854, pp. 180-181, and as cited in Kock & Peden

    Indeed, one of my major complaints about the computer field is that whereas Newton could say, "If I have seen a little farther than others, it is because I have stood on the shoulders of giants," I am forced to say, "Today we stand on each other's feet." Perhaps the central problem we face in all of computer science is how we are to get to the situation where we build on top of the work of others rather than redoing so much of it in a trivially different way. Science is supposed to be cumulative, not almost endless duplication of the same kind of things.
    R. W. Hamming -- One Man's View of Computer Science -- 1968 Turing Award Lecture

    Chacun en a sa part et tous l'ont tout entier !
    Victor Hugo - Les feuilles d'automne.

    'Who owns my polio vaccine? The people! Could you patent the sun?'
    Jonas Salk (1914-1995), who developed the first effective anti-polio vaccine [soource: NewsScan Daily: October 20, 1999]

    Auch wenn ich untergehe, lasst meine Bilder nicht sterben, zeigt sie den Menschen.
    [ Même si je disparais, ne laissez pas mes peintures mourir, montrez-les aux hommes. ]
    Felix Nussbaum, mort à Auschwitz en 1944. (Felix Nussbaum - Leben und Werk)

    The right to search for truth implies also a duty; one must not conceal any part of what one has recognized to be true.
    [ Le droit de chercher la vérité implique aussi un devoir; on ne doit rien cacher de ce que l'on a reconnu comme vrai. ]
    Albert Einstein, quote engraved on a memorial outside the National Academy of Sciences offices in Washington.

    Tout bien, toute entreprise, dont l'exploitation a ou acquiert les caractères d'un service public national ou d'un monopole de fait, doit devenir la propriété de la collectivité.
    [ Any property, any enterprise, the running of which has or acquires the character of a national public service or of a de facto monopoly, must become public property. ]
    Préambule de la Constitution du 27 octobre 1946 de la République Française, repris dans la Constitution de 1958

    The Congress shall have Power [...] To promote Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries
    [ Le Congrès aura Pouvoir [...] De promouvoir le Progrès de la Science et des Arts utiles, en assurant pour une Durée limitée aux Auteurs et aux Inventeurs les droits exclusifs sur leurs Écrits et Découvertes respectifs. ]
    United States Constitution, Article 1, Section 8, Clause8 - September 17th, 1787.

    "If people had understood how patents would be granted when most of today's ideas were invented and had taken out patents, the industry would be at a complete stand-still today. The solution ... is patent exchanges ... and patenting as much as we can. ... {A future start-up with no patents of its own will be forced to pay whatever price the giants choose to impose. That price might be high: Established companies have an interest in excluding future competitors.}"
    [ "si les gens avaient compris comment se faire accorder des brevets quand la plupart des idées actuelles furent inventées, l'industrie serait aujourd'hui totalement bloquée. La solution ... est l'échange de brevets ... et de breveter autant que nous le pouvons... {Une future jeune pousse dépourvue de brevets sera contrainte de payer le prix que les géants lui imposeront. Ce prix pourrait être élevé : Les sociétés existantes ont un intérêt à exclure de futurs concurrents.}" ]
    William Gates III, Challenges and Strategy memo, May 16 1991, reproduced in "The Patent Wars", Fred Warshofsky, 170-71 (NY: Wiley 1994).
    Note: Though sometimes presented with the quote, the part between braces does not appear in the copy I have of the memo. -- La partie entre accolades ne semble pas faire partie du document original, bien qu'elle soit souvent associée à cette citation.

    La confusion est entre "des programmes libres peuvent exister" et "un programme libre n'aura pas de problème à exister".  Pour decider si le SIDA ou les brevets sont un problème, il faut compter les morts, pas les vivants.
    [ The confusion is between "free programs may exist" and "a free program will have no problem existing". To decide whether AIDS or patents are a problem, one should count the deads, not the survivors.]
    Richard M. Stallman, courriel à membres@aful.org, 16 août 2005 (original en français).

    Gates shed some light on his own hard-nosed business philosophy. "Although about 3 million computers get sold every year in China, but people don't pay for the software," he said. "Someday they will, though. As long as they are going to steal it, we want them to steal ours. They'll get sort of addicted, and then we'll somehow figure out how to collect sometime in the next decade."
    [Gates éclaira sa propre philosophie brutale des affaires. "Bien qu'environ 3 millions d'ordinateurs soient vendus chaque année en Chine, en fait les gens ne paient pas pour le logiciel," dit il. "Un jour ils le feront, pourtant. Si tant est qu'ils le volent, nous voulons qu'ils volent le notre. Comme cela ils seront accoutumés, et alors nous trouverons bien un moyen de nous faire payer au cours de la prochaine décennie."]
    Conference at the University of Washington, reported by Corey Grice and Sandeep Junnarkar in CNET News "Gates, Buffett a bit bearish" *, July 2, 1998.

    "[The Internet] is the dynamic engine that is driving our economy today and we must keep that open"
    Secretary of Commerce William H. Daley [New York Times, 16 Feb 2000]

    We reject kings, presidents, and voting. We believe in rough consensus and running code.
    Dave Clark, A Cloudy Crystal Ball/Apocalypse Now, July 1992, 24th annual IETF conference.

    We now see the potential for Linux to do for applications what the internet did for networks.
    Wladawsky- Berger (IBM), June 2000.

    The relentless march of intellectual property rights needs to be stopped and questioned.
    [ La progression inexorable des droits de propriété intellectuelle doit être arretée et remise en cause. ]
    UNDP, United Nations Development Program, "Human Development Report 1999", Oxford University Press, 1999. http://www.undp.org/hdro/index2.html

    KNOWLEDGE IS LIKE LIGHT. Weightless and intangible, it can easily travel the world, enlightening the lives of people everywhere. Yet billions of people still live in the darkness of poverty - unnecessarily.
    [ Le savoir est comme la lumière. Intangible et immatériel, il peut se propager aisément à travers le monde, illuminant l'existence de chaque individu, où qu'il se trouve. Et pourtant des milliards de gens vivent toujours dans les ténèbres de la pauvreté - sans nécessité. ]
    The World Bank, "World Development Report 1998/99 - Knowledge for Development - Summary", Washington, 1998/99.

    ... as we enjoy great advantages from the inventions of others, we should be glad of an opportunity to serve others by any invention of ours; and this we should do freely and generously.
    [ ... comme nous tirons grand bénéfice des inventions d'autrui, nous devrions être heureux de toute occasion de faire bénéficier les autres de nos propres inventions; et nous devrions faire cela librement et généreusement. - retraduit de l'anglais ]
    The Private Life of the Late Benjamin Franklin, LL.D (known as The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin), chapter X, London, J. Parsons, 1793.
    Mémoires de la Vie Privée de Benjamin Franklin, écrits par lui-même. Paris, Buisson, 1791.
    (His reply when refusing a patent for his invention of a new stove)

    They that can give up essential liberty to obtain a little temporary safety deserve neither liberty nor safety.
    [ Ceux qui peuvent abandonner une liberté essentielle en échange d'un peu de sécurité immédiate ne méritent ni liberté ni sécurité. ]
    Benjamin Franklin, Historical Review of Pennsylvania, 1759.

    The liberty of a democracy is not safe if the people tolerate the growth of private power to a point where it becomes stronger than their democratic State itself. That, in its essence, is Fascism - ownership of government by an individual, by a group, or any controlling private power.
    [ La liberté d'une démocratie n'est pas en sécurité si le peuple tolère la croissance du pouvoir privé au point que sa puissance dépasse celle de l'état démocratique lui-même. Cela, dans son essence, est le Fascisme - l'accaparement du gouvernement par un individu, par un groupe, ou par tout pouvoir de contrôle privé. ]
    Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Message proposing the "Standard Oil" Monopoly Investigation, 1938.

    Whenever there is a conflict between human rights and property rights, human rights must prevail.
    [ Quand il y a conflit entre les droits de l'homme et les droits de propriété, les droits de l'homme doivent prévaloir. ]
    Abraham Lincoln, Quoted in Congressional Record, May 12, 1944.

    La maîtrise des technologies n'est pas séparable de la maîtrise des contenus.
    Catherine Trautmann, Ministre de la Culture, Discours au MILIA de Cannes, 8 février 1998.

    On entend par standard ouvert tout protocole de communication, d'interconnexion ou d'échange et tout format de données interopérable et dont les spécifications techniques sont publiques et sans restriction d'accès ni de mise en oeuvre.
    Loi du 21 juin 2004 pour la confiance dans l'économie numérique, Titre Ier, Chapitre Ier, Article 4.

    Le businessman : Quand tu trouves un diamant qui n'est à personne, il est à toi. Quand tu trouves une île qui n'est à personne, elle est à toi. Quand tu as une idée le premier, tu la fais breveter: elle est à toi. Et moi je possède les étoiles, puisque jamais personne avant moi n'a songé à les posséder.
    Le petit prince : Moi, je possède une fleur que j'arrose tous les jours. Je possède trois volcans que je ramone toutes les semaines. Car je ramone aussi celui qui est éteint. On ne sait jamais. C'est utile à mes volcans, et c'est aussi utile à ma fleur, que je les possède. Mais tu n'es pas utile aux étoiles...
    The businessman: When you find a diamond that belongs to nobody, it is yours. When you discover an island that belongs to nobody, it is yours. When you get an idea before any one else, you take out a patent on it: it is yours. So with me: I own the stars, because nobody else before me ever thought of owning them.
      The little prince: I myself own a flower, which I water every day. I own three volcanoes, which I clean out every week (for I also clean out the one that is extinct; one never knows). It is of some use to my volcanoes, and it is of some use to my flower, that I own them. But you are of no use to the stars... ]
    Le petit prince / The little prince, ch. 13, Antoine de Saint-Exupéry

    When counting the blessings of the Internet we should remember that neither Vinton Cerf nor CERN patented the Internet.
    Commissioner Busquin, OECD Global Research Village Conference, Amsterdam, December 2000.

    The laws of physics seem to change when you enter a new environment, such as the gravity field of the moon -- or the Internet and its easy replication of content. In this issue, we argue that the newly revealed physics of information transfer on the net will change the economics and perhaps ultimately the laws governing the creation and dissemination of intellectual property ... call it content to avoid the presumption of ownership.
    Intellectual Property on the Net, Esther Dyson, Release 1.0, 12-94, Esther Dyson 's Monthly Report, 28 December 1994

    ... the lesser nations of the earth become colonies not of governments but of corporations ...
    [ Les petites nations du globe ne sont plus colonisées par des gouvernements, mais par des sociétés. ]
    Lewis Lapham, La montagne des Vanités - Les secrets de Davos, page 28, Maisonneuve et Larose, 2000, http://www.maisonneuve-et-larose.com, 15 rue Victor-Cousin, 75005, Paris (France), http://vhf.msh-paris.fr/editeurs/ml/ml.html
    The Agony of Mammon, Verso Books (New York); ISBN: 1859847102, 1998, traduction Marie-José Capelle (2000)

    Although in many ways bountiful and in some ways benign, the colossl mechanism that generates the wealth of nations (a.k.a. "The Global Economy," "Moloch," and "The Invisible Hand") lacks the capacity for human speech or conscious thought, a failing that troubles those of its upper servants who wish to believe that it is they who control the machine and not the machine that controls them. Their amour propre forbids them from picturing themselves mere stokers heaving computer printouts and Montblanc pens (or shopping malls md movie studios and Mexicans) into a blind, remorseless furnace. They seek a more gracious portraiture (as masters of markets, captains of commercial empire), and so, every year in late January, they make their optimistic way from the low-lying places of the earth to the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, where, high up on the same alp that provided Thomas Mann with the setting for The Magic Mountain, they brood upon the mysteries of capitalist creation.
    [ Tous les ans, vers la fin janvier, ils quittent les basses terres de notre planète pour les cimes baignées d'optimisme du Forum économique mondial de Davos en Suisse. Et là, sur les hauteurs de ce sommet qui a fourni à Thomas Mann le cadre de la Montagne magique, ils méditent sur les mystères de la création capitaliste. "Ils" ? Les chefs mécaniciens de cette colossale machinerie - baptisée "l'économie mondialisée", "Moloch" ou "Dame Fortune" - qui engendre la richesse des Nations. Sans doute est-elle, à bien des égards, source de libéralités, voire de stabilité, elle n'en est pas moins dépourvue des principales facultés humaines, parler et réfléchir. Les chefs mécaniciens le savent, et parfois même cette évidence les préoccupe, mais, enflés d'amour propre, ils se plaisent à penser qu'ils gardent la maîtrise de leur machinerie et que ce n'est point elle qui les domine. Ils ne veulent pas se voir tels qu'ils sont, de simples factotums qui entretiennent la chauffe d'une fournaise aveugle et impitoyable. Et leur désir d'exister sous un jour plus glorieux - comme opérateurs économiques ou capitaines d'industrie - est si grand, qu'ils gravissent tous les ans les pentes de Davos. ]
    Lewis Lapham, La montagne des Vanités - Les secrets de Davos, page 5 (début), Maisonneuve et Larose, 2000, http://www.maisonneuve-et-larose.com, 15 rue Victor-Cousin, 75005, Paris (France), http://vhf.msh-paris.fr/editeurs/ml/ml.html
    The Agony of Mammon, Verso Books (New York); ISBN: 1859847102, 1998, traduction Marie-José Capelle (2000)

    The Net interprets censorship as damage, and routes around it.
    John Gilmore, cited in many articles, such as:
    Foucault In Cyberspace by James Boyle, 1997.
    Why the Internet is Good - Community governance that works well, Berkman Center Working Draft.

    ... partage des connaissances par le don des progrès et non le paiement des brevets ...
    Che Guevara, Alger, 24 février 1965.
    cité dans "Les chroniques de l'histoire : Che Guevara", éditions Chroniques distribuées par Hachette.

    Paroles d'Alcove


    . . . and outrageous statements

    "We want to build picket fences around the technologies that we think are most important for the future."
    Jeff George, Vice President, Intellectual Property and Standards, AT&T. Abstract of presentation (in Technology Review), April 13th, 2000, MIT.

    Intellectual property crime [...] can be linked to the deadliest forms of organised crime.
    Mr. Anthony Murphy, Director of Copyright at the UK Patent Office, Keynote address at the AGM of the Publishers Association, April 10 2001. Reported in a UKPO press release.

    A given amount of health impairing pollution should be done in the country with the lowest cost, which will be the country with the lowest wages. [...] I've always though that under-populated countries in Africa are vastly UNDER-polluted, their air quality is probably vastly inefficiently low compared to Los Angeles or Mexico City.
    [ Une pollution donnée devrait être exportée dans le pays où elle coûte le moins, c'est-à-dire celui ayant les plus bas salaires. [...] J'ai toujours pensé que les pays sous-peuplés d'Afrique sont largement SOUS-pollués. La qualité de l'air y est d'un niveau inutilement élevé par rapport à Los Angeles ou Mexico. ]
    Lawrence H. Summers, Chief economist for the World Bank, Memo, December 12, 1991. (appointed the U.S. Treasury Secretary on July 2nd, 1999, named president of Harvard University on March 11, 2001.

    CBS Reporter Lesley Stahl (speaking of post-war sanctions against Iraq): We have heard that a half million children have died. I mean, that's more children than died in Hiroshima. And - and you know, is the price worth it?
    Madeleine Albright (at that time, US Ambassador to the UN): I think this is a very hard choice, but the price - we think the price is worth it.
    The exchange occurred in a "60 Minutes" segment, "Punishing Saddam" (airdate May 12, 1996) - source: uncoverIraq

    Rather than form a federation with Microsoft and work with what we had already created, there was this notion that the world should be offered an alternative.
    Craig Mundie, Microsoft's chief technical officer speaking at the 2002 World Congress on Information Technology (WCIT), reported in Microsoft's Mundie slams Liberty at WCIT, by Jeanne-Vida Douglas, ZDNet Australia, February 28, 2002.

    . . . and more

    I wanted to see exotic Vietnam, the jewel of Southeast Asia. I wanted to meet interesting and stimulating people of an ancient culture and ... kill them. I wanted to be the first kid on my block to get a confirmed kill.
    Joker in Full Metal Jacket, film by Stanley Kubrick, 1987.


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